A prime example of how religion, when it meets the science mind, lays out the higher truth on the Moses Mountain down at Midian.
Mount Sinai was volcano in Saudi Arabia, says scientist
Prof Humphreys, a churchgoing Baptist and materials scientist, outlines his ideas in his forthcoming book: The Miracles of Exodus: A Scientist's
Discovery of the Extraordinary Natural Causes of the Biblical Stories.
While other scholars have proposed that Sinai was in Arabia, Prof Humphreys argues that the holy mount must have been an active volcano, since it
shook and emitted fire and smoke (Exodus 19:18). And he has carefully examined records ancient and modern to fix the site.
His candidate: present-day Mount Bedr in north-western Saudi Arabia, since there were no ancient volcanoes in what was later named the Sinai
Prof Humphreys also thinks that near Mount Bedr, Moses experienced God's call at the "burning bush". He suggests that this was caused by flammable
natural gas or volcanic gas escaping from the ground.
The Book of Exodus obviously underwent later editing, he said, but the evidence strongly suggests witness material that might well come from Moses
himself. The book is "amazingly accurate and coherent", he said.
Prof Humphreys also offers other "naturalistic" explanations for wondrous events. For instance, he thinks that escalating natural disasters explain
each of the 10 "plagues" that forced Pharaoh to let the Israelite slaves depart. The Nile "turned to blood" meant that toxic red algae killed
fish, the dead fish forced frogs ashore, gnats and flies were drawn to the dead fish and frogs and the insects transmitted a virus that killed
And one finds that Moses was pretty much following Jethro's Volcano Worship of the god Jahve.
And linking the similar volcanic issues with Noah's disaster, the Soddom and Gomorrah volcanic link problems, and the fact that the Holy Land Rift
Zone snuggles up against oil field deposits and one finds the larger truths.