The link provided in the O.P. is giving me a 404 error, but I am not clear what the big news is. When a Cardinal refers to any portion of the Bible
, it is arguable he is not using the word in the same sloppy way so many today use the word.
Superman, Batman, Spiderman, and the Fantastic Four are myths, just as Hercules (astoundingly similar to the myth of Jesus only at least a thousand
years older), Prometheus, and Sisyphus are myths. The equation of myths with falsehood is a much more modern bastardization of the word. It is,
quite simply, irrelevant whether Superman, Batman, Spiderman, Jesus, Hercules, Prometheus, and Sisyphus are "real" as in historical figures. This
is not the point to their mythology.
Mythology, particularly the monomyth
which are accounts of a hero's journey, are tales told intended
to offer some sort of life lesson. It is reasonably argued that the consequence of being bitten by a radioactive spider will not be superhuman
strength with powers that simulate a spider. In this sense we can argue that Spiderman is a fiction, but so is Gone With the Wind which is not a
myth. What distinguishes the two is the structure of the hero's journey of the myth.
Further, while it is reasonably argued that truism can be found in Gone With the Wind, there are always truths found in myth. "With great power
comes great responsibility" is true and is the central keystone of the Spiderman myth. Just because Spiderman is a myth this does not make "With
great power comes great responsibility" a falsehood. The same could be said about Genesis and the Adam and Eve myth which also has similarities to
other myths, including the myth of Prometheus
who is linked with Pandora. Prometheus is either
seen as the savior hero who brought fire and other knowledge of the gods to humanity, or as the plague of humanity whose reckless actions brought the
wrath of the gods upon humanity. Pandora
is known for opening up a box which contained, not
just evil which can be undone, but also knowledge that was good.. It was the evil that cannot be undone that compelled her to close the box before
all the knowledge was let loose, so to this day, as the myth goes, hope remains within the box.
I would argue that the "Fall from Grace" interpretation of Adam and Eve is a perplexing misinterpretation of that myth. It is told that Adam and
Eve were expelled from the Garden of Eden for disobeying God's mandate that neither eat from the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil. However, it is
logical to argue that because the Garden of Eden was a place where only good existed - at least to the point where Satan could enter the Garden in the
form of serpent, but could not enter as evil incarnate - by eating the fruit from the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil, both Adam and Evil had to
leave the Garden so that they may know evil.
Further, both ate from the fruit because they wanted to know what God knows, and this is arguably a hero's myth and their journey began upon the
expulsion from the Garden of Eden, and that the truth in this myth is that it reflects our own journey here on Earth. That journey is arguably
finding a way to align our knowledge of good, with our knowledge of evil just as God does. That our journey is to become like God so that we can
return home. This is what Joseph Campbell would call The Power of the Myth