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Kony's group was originally called the United Holy Salvation Army (UHSA), and was not perceived as a threat by the NRA.
By 1988 it had become a major player in Ugandan affairs: an agreement between the NRA and the Uganda People's Democratic Army (UPDA) left members of the UPDA unsatisfied, and many joined the UHSA as a form of rebellion. One such person was the UPDA founder Odong Latek, who convinced Kony to use standard military tactics instead of attacking in cross-shaped formations and sprinkling holy water. The new tactics proved successful, and the UHSA completed several small victories against the NRA.
The NRA responded by significantly weakening Kony's group through a military campaign named Operation North. The operation was devastating to the UHSA and, with their numbers reduced from thousands to hundreds, they engaged in retaliatory attacks on civilians and NRA collaborators.
An estimated 66,000 children became soldiers and two million people have been internally displaced since 1986. In 2005, Kony was indicted for war crimes and crimes against humanity by the International Criminal Court in The Hague, Netherlands, but has evaded capture.
The bulk of Kony's foot soldiers were children. While estimates of the number of children conscripted since 1986 vary, some put the figure as high as 104,000. When abducting the children, Kony and his army often killed their family and neighbors, thus leaving the children with little choice but to fight for him.
In 1992, Kony renamed the group the United Democratic Christian Army. For a decade, starting in the mid-1990s, the LRA was strengthened by military support from the government of Sudan, which was retaliating against Ugandan government support for rebels in what would become South Sudan.
The Ugandan military has attempted to kill Kony throughout the insurgency. In Uganda's latest attempt to track Kony down, former LRA combatants have been enlisted to search remote areas of the Central African Republic, Sudan, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo where he was last seen.
After the 11 September attacks, the United States declared the Lord's Resistance Army a terrorist group.
UNITED STATES :
In May 2010, U.S. President Barack Obama signed into law the Lord's Resistance Army Disarmament and Northern Uganda Recovery Act, legislation aimed at stopping Kony and the LRA. The bill passed unanimously in the United States Senate on 11 March.
On 12 May 2010, a motion to suspend the rules and pass the bill was agreed to by voice vote (two-thirds being in the affirmative) in the House of Representatives. In November 2010, President Obama delivered a strategy document to Congress, asking for more funding to disarm Kony and the LRA. In October 2011, President Obama authorized the deployment of approximately 100 combat-equipped U.S. troops to central Africa. Their goal is to help regional forces remove Kony and senior LRA leaders from the battlefield.
"Although the U.S. forces are combat-equipped, they will only be providing information, advice, and assistance to partner nation forces, and they will not themselves engage LRA forces unless necessary for self-defense," President Obama said in a letter to Congress.
THE TRUTH: Some Nations such as Pakistan have criticized the move by President Obama - still smarting from the raid inside of Pakistan that resulted in the death Osama bin Laden - they wanted a UN resolution - there is however a big difference - not only is President Obama acting on legislation given by Congress but acting upon the invitations of the various governments now suffering from the menace of the LRA. Others are mumbling that the real reason President Obama is sending troops is because of the Oil found both in Uganda and South Sudan - the reality is that most of that oil is being snapped up by an early comer - called China. In regards to the UN - who wants the UN with the track record that they have had in the Democratic Republic of Congo - simply appalling - unable to keep the people safe - involved in smuggling of gold, diamonds, selling guns back to rebels and much more - UN - and its track record in Africa is simply dismal.
since 2006 there have been no LRA activities inside of Uganda and the north of Uganda has been rebuilding since that time - some areas more than other - but it will take a few years for the infrastructure of that region to become comparable to the Central and Western areas of Uganda.