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There are many theories about the nature of intelligence. The formal definition of intelligence is "the capacity to acquire and apply knowledge." One aspect or kind of intelligence, according Dr. Howard Gardner, founder of the multiple intelligence theory, is spatial intelligence(1). Spatial intelligence is one amongst eight kinds of intelligence. The most common description of spatial intelligence is the ability to be able to recreate one's visual experience and reasoning about shape, measurement, depiction and navigation.
Spatial intelligence might be one of less familiar kind of intelligence, however it has wide implications in many academic and professional disciplines. It is extremely important in disciplines such as mathematics and computer science. Spatial Intelligence also accounts for the thinking process of engineers, architects, designers, sculptors and inventors.
Spatial intelligence is the ability to think in three dimensions. Core capacities include mental imagery, spatial reasoning, image manipulation, graphic and artistic skills, and an active imagination. Sailors, pilots, sculptors, painters, and architects all exhibit spatial intelligence. Young adults with this kind of intelligence may be fascinated with mazes or jigsaw puzzles, or spend free time drawing or daydreaming.
Spatial reasoning is a common part of intelligence tests, pre-employment tests and admission tests to certain educations. Also spatial reasoning is generally regarded as one of the most basic reasoning abilities together with verbal reasoning, logical reasoning, numerical reasoning and abstract reasoning. To have a general idea of ones IQ normally a subject is tested on all these fields and the average score determines his or hers IQ. In technical jobs and educations spatial reasoning is a very important and powerful problem solving tool.
Spatial ability, defined by a capacity for mentally generating, rotating, and transforming visual images, is one of the three specific cognitive abilities most important for developing expertise in learning and work settings.
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I've actually done research on this. The claim that classical music can improve intelligence is false. What certain studies have shown is that certain music can improve spatial reasoning.
Originally posted by Xcalibur254
reply to post by Jean Paul Zodeaux
I was going with the layman definition of intelligence. To many the word intelligence only implies general intelligence. Most people aren't even aware of that concepts like spatial intelligence or emotional intelligence exist, so instead of needlessly complicating my post by defining these concepts as well I wrote my post as would be accessible to most even though one could say it's technically wrong.
I think you are being a bit harsh condemning a layman definition. Xcaliber does not know my intellectual capacity and IMO is safe in 'talking down' to any stranger. I take no offense as my own career was overflowing with my trying to not cast pearls before swine.