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Paradoxography: Classical literature which covers abnormal or inexplicable phenomena

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posted on Mar, 24 2012 @ 04:33 PM
Early surviving examples of this ‘fringe’ genre include, of course science per se didn’t actually exist in a Robust form so there was neither mainstream, orthodox, alternative or fringe:

Aratus' Phaenomena (c. 240 BC), a poem partially concerned with unusual manifestations of weather as signs from the Gods

Aratus Phaenomena

Another version

The Collection of Wonderful Tales composed by Antigonus of Carystus, 3rd century BC, partly on the basis of a paradoxographical work of Callimachus

Collection by Antignous

Apollonius paradoxographus' Mirabilia, 2nd century BC

Couldn’t find any easily read sources for this

Palaephatus' On Incredible Things, 4th century BC

On Incredible things

It is believed that the pseudo-Aristotelian On Marvellous Things Heard (De mirabilibus uscultationibus) "contains a core of early material from the Hellenistic period which was then added to over time, including some material that was added in the 2nd century C.E. or even late

Marvellous things heard

Phlegon of Tralles's Book of Marvels, which dates from the 2nd century AD is perhaps the most famous example of the genre, including in the main, stories of human abnormalities. Phlegon's brief accounts of prodigies and wonders include ghost stories, accounts of monstrous births, strange animals like centaurs, hermaphrodites, giant skeletons and prophesying heads. Phlegon's writing is characterised by brief and forthright description, as well as by a tongue-in-cheek insistence on the veracity of his claims.

Phlegon's Book of marvels

Other works of this genre in Greek include Heraclitus the paradoxographer's On Incredible Things, 1st or 2nd century AD and Claudius Aelianus' On the Nature of Animals, 3rd century AD.

Wiki summary on Paradoxography

edit on 24/3/12 by Hanslune because: (no reason given)

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