Just a note, I recently got around to updating the image included in section
VII, the conclusion,
and have also included it below. Based on the possibility that South America is Atlantis, the map portrays the regions
of Atlantis bequeathed to twin brothers Atlas and Gadeirus while highlighting the scope of influence and travel of the Atlanteans implied by Plato's
Map portraying the regions of Atlantis bequeathed to twin brothers Atlas and Gadeirus while highlighting the Atlantean scope of influence and
In part it also addresses Harte's comment regarding Gades, by demonstrating how Gadeirus would face toward Gades, being the region of Atlantis
closest toward Gades.
"To his twin brother, who was born after him, and obtained as his lot the extremity of the island towards the Pillars of Heracles,
facing the country which is now called the region of Gades in that part of the world, he gave the name which in the Hellenic language is
Eumelus, in the language of the country which is named after him, Gadeirus." - Critias 114a,b
The map also highlights another significant and highly compelling argument in support of my South American hypothesis. Plato's account accurately
mimics a traveler's perspective of sailing to South America from the Mediterranean, an ordered geographic description that a traveler would have
relayed to the inhabitants of the Mediterranean such as the Egyptians.
If an ancient traveler did sail to Atlantis on their way to the capital city allegedly located in the Rio de la Plata, they would have preferred
spending the least amount of time on the open seas and done so by launching out into the Atlantic from the westernmost point of Africa toward the
easternmost point of South America. Hence the reason the account would include a reference to Gadeirus facing toward Gades and the Pillars of
Heracles. With the traveler expressing that one did not arrive directly at the region of Atlas, but at Gadeirus, when traveling to Atlantis it would
have implied that Gadeirus was nearest or toward the Pillars of Heracles.
The traveler's perspective is further demonstrated as the account implies that once arriving at Atlantis, one would continue traveling down the side
of a "lofty and precipitous" coastline which would accurately describe the course along the Brazilian coast lined by the Brazilian Highlands.
Finally, halfway down the continent's coast, in the "center of the" continent, the country transitions markedly to a flat plain, the location of
the capital city and the rectangular plain. Again, very accurate in its description of South America's western coastline from Brazil downward.
"Looking towards the sea, but in the centre of the whole island, there was a plain which is said to have been the fairest of all plains and
very fertile." - Critias 113c
"The whole country was said by him to be very lofty and precipitous on the side of the sea, but the country immediately about and surrounding the
city was a level plain" - Critias 118a
In the same vein, the traveler's perspective is further revealed in noting that there exists a group of islands which one could reach not before, but
after arriving at Atlantis. Islands which provided a route to a second continent lying at the opposite end.
The island [Atlantis/South America] was larger than Libya and Asia put together, and was the way to other islands [the Caribbean Islands],
and from these you might pass to the whole of the opposite continent [North America] which surrounded the true ocean" - Timaeus
Regardless if ever there was a war with Atlantis, or an empire to the extent described by Plato, the evidence strongly suggests an uncanny familiarity
with the Americas some time in the ancient past.