CERN experiment makes spectroscopic measurement of antihydrogen

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posted on Mar, 7 2012 @ 12:22 PM
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CERN press release:

Geneva, 7 March 2012. In a paper published online today by the journal Nature, the ALPHA collaboration at CERN reports an important milestone on the way to measuring the properties of antimatter atoms. This follows news reported in June last year that the collaboration had routinely trapped antihydrogen atoms for long periods of time. ALPHA’s latest advance is the next important milestone on the way to being able to make precision comparisons between atoms of ordinary matter and atoms of antimatter, thereby helping to unravel one of the deepest mysteries in particle physics and perhaps understanding why a Universe of matter exists at all.

“We’ve demonstrated that we can probe the internal structure of the antihydrogen atom,” said ALPHA collaboration spokesman, Jeffrey Hangst, “and we’re very excited about that. We now know that it’s possible to design experiments to make detailed measurements of antiatoms.”

Today, we live in a Universe that appears to be made entirely of matter, yet at the Big Bang, matter and antimatter would have existed in equal amounts. The mystery is that all the antimatter seams to have gone, leading to the conclusion that nature must have a slight preference for matter over antimatter. If antihydrogen atoms can be studied in detail, as ALPHA’s latest result suggests, they may provide a powerful tool for investigating this preference.

Hydrogen atoms consist of an electron orbiting a nucleus. By firing light at them the atoms can be excited, with the electrons jumping to higher orbits, and eventually relaxing back to their so-called ground state by emitting light. The frequency distribution of the light emitted forms a very precisely measured spectrum that, in the matter world, is unique to hydrogen. Basic principles of physics say that antihydrogen should have an identical spectrum to hydrogen, and measuring this spectrum is the ultimate goal of the ALPHA collaboration.

“Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the universe and we understand its structure extremely well,” said Hangst. “Now we can finally begin to coax the truth out of antihydrogen. Are they different? We can confidently say that time will tell.”

In the paper published today, ALPHA reports the first, albeit modest, measurement of the antihydrogen spectrum. In the ALPHA apparatus, antihydrogen atoms are trapped by a sophisticated arrangement of magnetic fields acting on the magnetic orientation of the antihydrogen atoms. By shining microwaves with a precisely tuned frequency on the antihydrogen atoms, the collaboration flips the antiatoms’ magnetic orientation, thereby liberating antihydrogen from the trap. When this happens, the antihydrogen meets ordinary matter and annihilates, leaving a characteristic pattern in particle detectors surrounding the trap. This measurement shows that it is possible to set up experiments in which the internal properties of antihydrogen atoms can be changed by shining microwaves on them. In the near future, ALPHA will work at improving the precision of the microwave measurements, and undertake complementary measurements of the antihydrogen spectrum using lasers.
Further information
alpha-new.web.cern.ch...


Some good science is being done, a round of applause!




posted on Mar, 7 2012 @ 12:35 PM
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Just make sure there were no loose wires this time.



posted on Mar, 7 2012 @ 12:39 PM
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Originally posted by underduck
Just make sure there were no loose wires this time.


I'm going to CERN in 3 days, I'll double check



posted on Mar, 7 2012 @ 12:52 PM
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Danged witchcraft, that's what this is.




posted on Mar, 7 2012 @ 01:09 PM
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reply to post by buddhasystem
 


Are you serious about going to CERN? If so can you take a pic or something to show "burntheships"?



posted on Mar, 7 2012 @ 01:15 PM
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post removed because the user has no concept of manners

Click here for more information.



posted on Mar, 7 2012 @ 02:17 PM
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Originally posted by buddhasystem
CERN press release


Link?



posted on Mar, 7 2012 @ 02:22 PM
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Originally posted by Mary Rose

Originally posted by buddhasystem
CERN press release


Link?


I got it in mail from the director's office, so the text in the OP doesn't have a link readily available, but there are a few links on this subject which will hopefully be helpful:

alpha-new.web.cern.ch...

CERN video:
B-roll & interview : www.youtube.com...
Animation : www.youtube.com...
CERN News : www.youtube.com...



posted on Mar, 7 2012 @ 02:37 PM
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Originally posted by DenyObfuscation
reply to post by buddhasystem
 

If so can you take a pic or something to show "burntheships"?


Why should I bother?



posted on Mar, 7 2012 @ 03:09 PM
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posted on Jan, 12 2013 @ 09:37 PM
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off-topic post removed to prevent thread-drift


 





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