posted on Mar, 6 2012 @ 09:23 AM
View of Judaism in the Acta ArchelaiAccording to Hegemonius' portrayal of Mani, the devil god which created the world was the Jewish Jehovah.
Hegemonius reports that Mani said, "It is the Prince of Darkness who spoke with Moses, the Jews and their priests. Thus the Christians, the Jews, and
the Pagans are involved in the same error when they worship this God. For he leads them astray in the lusts he taught them." He goes on to state:
"Now, he who spoke with Moses, the Jews, and the priests he says is the archont of Darkness, and the Christians, Jews, and pagans (ethnic) are one
and the same, as they revere the same god. For in his aspirations he seduces them, as he is not the god of truth. And so therefore all those who put
their hope in the god who spoke with Moses and the prophets have (this in store for themselves, namely) to be bound with him, because they did not put
their hope in the god of truth. For that one spoke with them (only) according to their own aspirations."
Marcion declared that Christianity was distinct from and in opposition to Judaism, see also Anti-Judaism. He rejected the entire Hebrew Bible, and
declared that the God of the Hebrew Bible was a lesser demiurge, who had created the earth, but was (de facto) the source of evil.
The premise of Marcionism is that many of the teachings of Christ are incompatible with the actions of the God of the Old Testament. Focusing on the
Pauline traditions of the Gospel, Marcion felt that all other conceptions of the Gospel, and especially any association with the Old Testament
religion, was opposed to, and a backsliding from, the truth. He further regarded the arguments of Paul regarding law and gospel, wrath and grace,
works and faith, flesh and spirit, sin and righteousness, death and life, as the essence of religious truth. He ascribed these aspects and
characteristics as two principles, the righteous and wrathful God of the Old Testament, who is at the same time identical with the creator of the
world, and a second God of the Gospel, quite unknown before Christ, who is only love and mercy.
Marcionites held maltheistic views of the God of the Hebrew Bible (known to some Gnostics as Yaltabaoth), that he was inconsistent, jealous, wrathful
and genocidal, and that the material world he created was defective, a place of suffering; the God who made such a world is a bungling or malicious
“ In the God of the [Old Testament] he saw a being whose character was stern justice, and therefore anger, contentiousness and unmercifulness. The
law which rules nature and man appeared to him to accord with the characteristics of this God and the kind of law revealed by him, and therefore it
seemed credible to him that this God is the creator and lord of the world (κοσμοκράτωρ [English transliteration: kosmokrator/cosmocrator]).
As the law which governs the world is inflexible and yet, on the other hand, full of contradictions, just and again brutal, and as the law of the Old
Testament exhibits the same features, so the God of creation was to Marcion a being who united in himself the whole gradations of attributes from
justice to malevolence, from obstinacy to inconsistency."