Ronald Richter & Nazi discovery of Nuclear Fusion in 1936

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posted on Aug, 27 2013 @ 06:12 PM
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reply to post by mbkennel
 


A pinch gets it's name from the compression of an ion plasma.

When plasma is pinched or compressed it causes the emission of neutrons from nuclear fusion.

For example the type of fusion that Schumann and Trinks were engaged in was between Lithium and Deuterium (in this case Deuteride coating a small marble of fissile Uranium).

The key to making this happen is compression which requires using conventional explosives to implode two hollow charges together. The hollow charges were conical Lithium liners thus compressing molten Lithium against a target coated with Deuteride.

There are many variations of this theme nowadays, often using Plutonium. The isotopic purity (enrichment) of the fissile target need not be very high with this method.

Lithium and Deuterium fused together this way gives birth to Tritium and a huge excess of neutrons and these would be used to spark a sub critical fission explosion in Uranium (nowadays Plutonium)

Lithium and Deuterium are not the only pairs which can be used. In effect a hollow charge sends a jet of highly ionised molten Lithium at the target and it is the ionised nature which causes a plasma to form when striking the deuterium.
edit on 27-8-2013 by sy.gunson because: (no reason given)




posted on Aug, 27 2013 @ 09:35 PM
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It is worth noting that the beauty of this method for detonating a nuclear explosion is the small amount of sub critical fissile material (ie Uranium 235 or Plutonium or Uranium 233) need not be very pure and in fact can still be detonated even with significant contamination by Uranium 232 or Plutonium 240.

During WW2 for example Dr Paul Harteck had a plant at Freiburg disguised the Hellage Linen Factory and later shifted to an underground bunker at Kandern where a bank of ultra-centrifuges were able to enrich 250 grams of Uranium ore by 7% / 24 hours.

With this style of sub critical warhead one could create small warheads with approximately 0.87Kt yields. Enough if you deployed several by V-2 rocket for example to devastate London. From my investigations the Nazis were intending this based upon secretly taped conversations by Maj General Dornberger 2-7 August 1945 whilst he was in British custody. Summaries of these recordings were used in evidence against Dornberger at the Nuremberg trials.

In another secretly taped recording of conversations between nuclear scientists Harteck and Heisenberg at Farm Hall they referred to Hitler being threatened by the US with nuclear attack during July 1944. Churchill later threatened attack with Anthrax in August 1944.

It appears the Nazis were deterred from proceeding, but that Himmler's SS took over the project and used it as a bargaining chip trying to negotiate a favorable end to the war through an armistice on the western front.



posted on Aug, 29 2013 @ 10:35 PM
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Richter gained his doctorate at the university of Prague in 1935, but then left the research field he had written his thesis upon (emission of delta waves from the ground) and began research on plasma pinches. From December 1942, the SS invited him to work upon the topic at an institute south of Prague whose focus was the development of nuclear warheads.

After the war Kurt Tank (aka Pedro Matthies) invited him to continue nuclear research at the Institute of Aviation Research at Cordoba in northern Argentina. where he and Tank were developing an ion engine powered version of the indigenous Pulqui jet fighter. This was also an extension of wartime work in Germany on a nuclear powered fighter aircraft with an engine equivalent in thrust to a 30,000lb jet engine. The Nazis flew a prototype in 1944.

General Juan Peron also had a desire to develop nuclear weapons, but Richter's research area was plasma pinches and his experiments seem directed at controlled fission.

Originally Richter joined with a large community of Nazis in exile at Cordoba whose efforts were to resurrect a particle accelerator which had been smuggled out of Germany in May 1945 according to a an intelligence report of the Argentine Ministry of Economic Development which had been declassified in 1993.

The nuclear laboratory at Cordoba appears to have been attacked and destroyed by an MI6 operation in 1947. It is due to this attack that the project was relocated to a remote research centre built at an island in Lake Nahuel Huapei. I attach a diagram of that laboratory which in fact was only a proof of concept reseach laboratory

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posted on Apr, 13 2014 @ 01:30 AM
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Interesting thread indeed.

I didn't think it was proven possible to ignite nuclear fusion in a bomb without a fission primary, even in this day and age, it requires fission to happen first. Hence all the research into lasers etc to obviate the need. Granted in this design the explosive power is meant to come from the fission stage but it seems incredible that they had a successful fusion primary at all.






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