Ronald Richter & Nazi discovery of Nuclear Fusion in 1936

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posted on Feb, 25 2012 @ 03:13 AM
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As storm clouds gathered over Nazi Germany in October 1936, one man Dr Ronald Richter made a discovery of nuclear fusion which led the world to discovery of particle accelerators and thermonuclear weapons.

In preparing his dissertation for a doctorate from the University of Prague, Richter returned to his home town of Eger, now known as Cheb in the Czech Republic. There he went to work at Falkenau Chemiewerke with electric arc furnaces looking to develop accurate methods for measurement and control of temperatures.

The furnaces were employed at the time in the reduction of Lithium for U-boat batteries. Richter discovered that the injection of heavy Hydrogen (Deuterium) caused a nuclear reaction which he could measure and gauge with Geiger counters. This discovery launched Richter's ongoing wartime fascination with nuclear fusion.

Richter worked with Professor Max Steenbeck and Professor Manfred von Ardenne during WW2 on a particle accelerator which after the War, the Soviets copied and coined the term Tokamak for. Upon reaching Argentina in 1947 Richter discovered that a German Tokamak had been smuggled to Argentina and Peron desperately needed an expert able to bring the device back to life.

In 1947, Richter was invited to abandon poverty amidst Germany's devastation and develop a nuclear program for General Juan Peron. Like professor Kurt Diebner, Dr. Richter was a Nazi nuclear scientists who flew beneath the radar and escaped the attention of both Soviets and the Americans. He brought with himself to Peron's Argentina knowledge of sophisticated Nazi particle accelerator technology.

Alarm bells rang in Britain and USA that Nazis were gathering to launch a new Fourth Reich in Argentina backed by nuclear weapons technology. Disgruntled rival Argentine scientists were supported by the the CIA and MI-5 to mount attacks on Richter's credibility and hounded Peron to prove that Richter was not a fraud. Trade pressure on Argentina eventually forced Richter's arrest and denunciation as a fraud, but in fact this man was a true genius.

If Richter was a fraud then so to was every scientist who ever worked on CERN




posted on Feb, 25 2012 @ 03:59 AM
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'See you at the party Richter'
2nd



posted on Feb, 25 2012 @ 04:22 AM
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Not long ago this schematic surfaced.
Apparently it is from a private collection.







posted on Feb, 25 2012 @ 07:14 AM
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have a watch of hitlers bomb on you tube food for thought have a read of www.greyfalcon on ohrdruf i think we are not getting told a lot of info or else why put a 100 + year gagging order on it



posted on Feb, 25 2012 @ 07:15 AM
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Wait what? Richter wanted to support a Fourth Reich in Argentina backed by nuclear weapons technology 2 years after the American used such technology? How do you think that would play out?



posted on Feb, 25 2012 @ 07:36 AM
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reply to post by LeLeu
 


Whilst the OP is about Richter it does overlap the issue of Nazi Germany's nuclear bomb.

No disrespect LeLeu, but I do not trust that particular drawing. It looks to be drawn with Biro ink and not in the style of 1940s ink drawings. It's a cheap imitation. People forget there is a whole industry in forgeries of claimed WW2 documents. I still remember the hype cause by the so called Hitler Diaries which turned out to be elaborate fakes.



This however is drawing of the Schumann / Trinks hollow charge nuclear weapon which I do believe in. Schumann went into hiding after the war but later he published various reports on his wartime efforts including original wartime documents. Some were not published until after his death from his personal papers.

After Germany was threatened at the start of July 1944 with Anthrax from the air by Churchill and with the nuclear attack of Dresden by the Americans unless Germany abandoned it's nuclear project, Schumann & Trinks were ordered by the SS to abandon all further research on the nuclear bomb. The SS began top secret negotiations with USA and Hitler himself made contact with Churchill through Marshall Antonescu in Roumania. Antonescu tolerated political opposition groups who were in radio contact with London.

Not just that LeLeu but sorry I am afraid that pen and ink drawing fails from a physics point of view to work. It is a gun barrel warhead which only works for Uranium. The rate of fission in Plutonium is too high for this design to work and the energy of fission as material comes together in that concept would push the Plutonium apart faster than a chain reaction could form.



posted on Feb, 25 2012 @ 07:44 AM
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USA and Great Britain used trade and internal subversion of the Peronist regime to force Peron to abandon his nuclear project. A report by jealous rival scientists denounced Richter as a fraud.

The Paperclip file contains a technical evaluation of Dr. Richter’s work dated 3 July 1956. It cites Foreign Service Internal Reports IR-76-56; IR-79-56, IR-80-56 and IR-145-56.

Dr Richter’s application to work for the USAF in 1956 is discussed in AFR 190-16 (declassified 26 April 1999)

Dr Richter’s concept involved “direct conversion of nuclear energy into radio frequency energy in fission and fusion plasma systems.” The report mentions that this is the phenomenon known as EMP which knocks out sensitive electronic equipment.

In the letter it relates how Richter revealed in interviews by the USAF that his work derived from his earlier work in Germany in 1944.

He described his concept to the US Air force interviewers as,



...development and testing of highly turbulent magnetic field-controlled fission and fusion plasma systems, Experimental approach to solar flare conditions and to the explosion tendency of the solar plasma, ultraviolet excess analysis, excitation of space structure by pulsation controlled plasma implosion, testing the limitations of quantum mechanics and quantum dynamics, Experimental approach to the unified field theory and to the velocity of propagation of gravity.


Following his application to work for the USAF, Richter was interviewed by Dr Cooper of the Glenn Martin aircraft corporation. Cooper worked through Dr Hans Multhopp acting as interpreter. Dr Multhopp was an aerodynamics engineer and thus had no background in nuclear physics whatsoever. Dr Cooper, also an engineer, appears to have been mainly interested whether Richter’s work could be utilised for the engines of nuclear rockets.

Richter was however interviewed by nuclear physicist Dr John Hall a passionate anti nuclear weapons campaigner who helped form the IAEA. In something of a Fruedian slip admitting his own inability to keep up with and understand Richter’s work, Hall described Richter as a mad genius whose thinking was years advanced over his fellows. In 1956 John Hall said Richter's mind was way ahead in the year 1970... then in the future. Quite a tribute.

John A Hall noted that he should try to make arrangements for Richter to be interviewed by someone else more familiar with Richter’s specific field of nuclear physics, thus admitting to his own inability to appraise Richter’s competence.

Richter’s application was finally assessed by Lt Colonel USAF, Virgil N. Nestor assistant Air Attache who lacked any direct personal appreciation of nuclear physics and was self evidently more concerned by the low esteem held for Dr Richter by the Peronist regime than with the scientific value of Richter’s work. Lacking any nuclear expertise, or grasp of the topic all that Nestor could grasp was the attacks against Richter’s credibility by jealous Argentine scientists who were campaigning to remove Richter for the sake of preserving their own personal prestige

What he described to the USAF was a particle accelerator with compression induced chains of self replicating pulsating plasma flows. This was achieved by injecting Boron and Lithium into plasma shockwaves.

On 21 November 1956 the US Air force officially declined Richter’s application to emigrate to USA and work on nuclear physics for the USAF.
edit on 25-2-2012 by sy.gunson because: creating a quote in the text



posted on Feb, 25 2012 @ 03:51 PM
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reply to post by sy.gunson
 


I kind of wondered about that drawing myself. The paper had yellowed with age but
the ink has'nt faded. I recently read about the hollow charge detonator but I have'nt
seen drawings before. Nice one



posted on Feb, 26 2012 @ 04:37 AM
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Originally posted by LeLeu
reply to post by sy.gunson
 


I kind of wondered about that drawing myself. The paper had yellowed with age but
the ink has'nt faded. I recently read about the hollow charge detonator but I haven't
seen drawings before. Nice one


There are a lot of people promoting false documents and false claims out there who do huge disservice to any sensible debate. Another point about the diagram you have shared with us is that it refers to Plutonium. that element was referred to by Nazi scientists either as Element 94, or as Eka-Osmium. Plutonium was a name applied by American scientists.

The picture which I added is not very clear in it's description, but I refer to it because I trust it's authenticity. The Schumann / Trinks bomb went through design evolutions and this was a later one with a spherical cavity between conical Lithium liners.



This image of an earlier version is redrawn by me from a rendering of Schumann's diagrams published in France after the War.



posted on Feb, 26 2012 @ 05:38 AM
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reply to post by sy.gunson
 


Do you think the Germans got to the stage of testing a device?
As you say there is so much crap on the net these days its hard to separate facts.
There were stories going around about a bomb test at Thuringia and the Baltic Sea.



posted on Feb, 26 2012 @ 01:11 PM
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reply to post by LeLeu
 


Actually the diagram of the Little-Boy (gun-type fission) is wrong. And it's somewhat amusing why.

Everybody assumes that it's a "male" plug being shot down the tube into a larger, stationary, "female" receptacle of fissionable material.

For some reason that's always the image that automatically comes to (a male) mind. Ahem.


In fact (and this was successfully kept secret for many decades) it is a cylinder of fission fuel and tamper (with an interior central hole) which is shot down on to a stationary plug. I don't know the specific engineering reasons why this is superior, but there are obviously some.



posted on Feb, 26 2012 @ 08:11 PM
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Originally posted by LeLeu
reply to post by sy.gunson
 


Do you think the Germans got to the stage of testing a device?
As you say there is so much crap on the net these days its hard to separate facts.
There were stories going around about a bomb test at Thuringia and the Baltic Sea.


I am persuaded by the evidence... countless others are trapped by their own programming and pre-formed beliefs.

Here is just one example where I think the evidence stacks up. The October 1944 blasts at the Bug isthmus of Rugen Island, cordoned off for many decades after the war as a military reserve.

From COMNAVEU London dated 25 January 1946 intelligence came a report by Captain R.F. Hickey, USN:

It was entitled;
“Investigations, Research, Developments and Practical Use of the German Atomic Bomb.”

The file is located as Top Secret Naval Attache Reports 1944-1947," NARA Records Group: RG 38, Box 9-13 Entry 98c...

...in which is cited the affidavit of Peenemunde artillery observer pilot Hans Zinsser; obtained by A.P.I.U. (Ninth Air Force) 96/1945 APO 696, U.S. Army, 19 August 1945." The report is classified secret.

A footnote to the document further states Enclosure (A) is a discussion of the German atomic bomb. Listed are the principle scientists involved, plus what is known by them of similar developments in the United States. A short discussion of the materials required and the energy capable of being released is included. …. Whereabouts of this enclosure today are unknown.

A portion of this report was declassified in the late ‘seventies and signed by Captain Helenes T. Freiberger.

At it’s outset the report states:




the following information was obtained from four German scientists: a chemist, two physical chemists, and a rocket specialist [Zinsser]. All four men contributed a short story as to what they knew of the atomic bomb development.


Then in the affidavit Zinsser states (in part):




At the beginning of October 1944, I flew from Ludwigslust (south of Luebeck) [to] about 12 to 15 km from an atomic bomb test station, when I noticed a strong, bright illumination of the whole atmosphere, lasting about 2 seconds.

The clearly visible pressure wave escaped the approaching and following cloud formed by the explosion. This wave had a diameter of about 1 km when it became visible and the colour of the cloud changed frequently. It became dotted after a short period of darkness with all sorts of light spots, which were, in contrast to normal explosions, of a pale blue colour.

After about ten seconds the sharp outlines of the explosion disappeared, then the cloud began to take on a lighter colour, against the sky covered with a grey overcast. The diameter of the still visible pressure wave was at least 9000 metres (9km) while remaining visible for at least 15 seconds.

Personal observations of the colours of the explosion cloud found an almost blue-violet shade. During this manifestation reddish-coloured rims were to be seen, changing to a dirty-like shade in very rapid succession.

The combustion was lightly felt from my observation plane in the form of pulling and pushing. The appearance of atmospheric disturbance lasted about ten seconds, without perceivable climax. About an hour later I started with an He-111 (aircraft) from the A/D at Ludwigslust and flew in an easterly direction. Shortly after the start I passed through almost complete overcast (between 3,000 and 4,000 meter altitude). A cloud shaped like a mushroom with turbulent billowing sections (at about 7,000 meter altitude) stood, without any seeming connections, over the spot where the explosion took place. Strong electrical disturbances and the impossibility to continue radio communication as by lightning, turned up.


It is then corroborated by another source:

In 2005 a former wartime Italian press correspondent Luigi Romersa came forward to recount his witnessing an atomic test blast at the Baltic Island of Rugen on the isolated Bug isthmus. On that isthmus today there are still two big craters visible and samples indicate elevated levels of radioactivity there. Romersa claimed he was sent by Mussolini to witness on Duce's behalf an important test blast. Romersa was shut inside a hermetically sealed blockhouse to witness the blast along with three Japanese military VIPs. They were not allowed out until many hours after the blast for fear of radiation levels outside.

Third corroboration came in a classified top secret Japanese diplomatic signal "Stockholm to Tokyo:” No.232.9; December 1944 [War Department], National Archives, (records group) RG 457, declassified October 1, 1978. It recounts the use of nuclear weapons against the Soviets in 1943 and talks about a Uranium disintegrator bomb of devastating effect.



posted on Feb, 26 2012 @ 08:16 PM
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Originally posted by mbkennel
reply to post by LeLeu
 


Actually the diagram of the Little-Boy (gun-type fission) is wrong. And it's somewhat amusing why.

Everybody assumes that it's a "male" plug being shot down the tube into a larger, stationary, "female" receptacle of fissionable material.

For some reason that's always the image that automatically comes to (a male) mind. Ahem.


In fact (and this was successfully kept secret for many decades) it is a cylinder of fission fuel and tamper (with an interior central hole) which is shot down on to a stationary plug. I don't know the specific engineering reasons why this is superior, but there are obviously some.



Negative, the device used a sawn off 5 inch naval gun barrel to shoot a slug of Uranium 235 at three concentric rings of Uranium 235. When slammed together the four portions fused into a sphere weighing 56 kilograms of U235 only 700 grams of which underwent chain reaction.

Today at Hiroshima the levels of Uranium 235 are undetectable above background radiation.

You are confusing a tamper used in a Plutonium H-bomb.



posted on Feb, 26 2012 @ 08:22 PM
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What should not be forgotten however is that in Argentina, Richter was working on a Tokamak particle accelerator to produce cheap electricity for the masses and had he been free to keep developing the technology he may well have succeeded however giant corporations the likes of ENRON for example are set up to extort money from the masses for power.

I have read of his experiments and feel today that the likes of CERN have been deliberately steered away from what Richter was trying to achieve.



posted on Feb, 26 2012 @ 08:56 PM
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reply to post by mbkennel
 


...what would the Tellar-Ulam design be




edit on 2/26/2012 by milano because: (no reason given)
edit on 2/26/2012 by milano because: (no reason given)



posted on Feb, 27 2012 @ 05:16 AM
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reply to post by geobro
 


Greyfalcon is a very compelling mixture of truth, lore, and outright propaganda created by some clever folks.

DO NOT believe everything you find there...



posted on Feb, 27 2012 @ 11:00 AM
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Originally posted by milano
reply to post by mbkennel
 


...what would the Tellar-Ulam design be




edit on 2/26/2012 by milano because: (no reason given)
edit on 2/26/2012 by milano because: (no reason given)


The Teller Ulam device is what he refers to in the H-bomb. The hollow tamper filled with Dueterium or Trittium often with a rod of Plutonium down the central axis. The Tamper being made of U238. The shockwave travelling down the tube focuses the radiation into a mass of Deuterium/Trittium to cause the fusion explosion.

The Nazi hollow charge weapon of 1942/43 used a flash of fusion to ignite fission in a small quantity of Uranium 233. The reverse of how an H-bomb works.



posted on Feb, 27 2012 @ 11:05 AM
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Originally posted by HattoriHanzou
reply to post by geobro
 


Greyfalcon is a very compelling mixture of truth, lore, and outright propaganda created by some clever folks.

DO NOT believe everything you find there...


Well the Ohrdruf claim must be so clever that countless unconnected people must have stitched the story together in KGB archives, in the minds of living eyewitnesses and an East German Court of Inquiry from 1962. Exceptional how omnipresent Greyfalcon must have been to be in several places at once through time and space.

To dismiss multiple independent claims of a blast at Ohrdruf so lightly in my opinion requires a high degree of paranoia.



posted on Feb, 29 2012 @ 09:52 PM
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reply to post by sy.gunson
 


I dismissed no claim in particular, and notice that I said that Greyfalcon has truth as well as propaganda.

I personally believe both the japs and the krauts had much more advanced bomb programs than is generally admitted.



posted on Feb, 29 2012 @ 10:30 PM
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had Hitler managed to drop a crude nuclear bomb on Russian territory and/or one on London you can bet the war would have finished quick smart after that in Germany's favour and the world today would be a totally different place.





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