Interesting stuff here too.
Plutonium production reactor at Dimona
Nuclear reactor in Dimona reactor to produce plutonium is used to make atomic bombs. Reactor purchased from France as part of the Suez War Secret
(1956) in which the IDF conquered the Sinai for France and Britain. Construction commenced in late 1957 or early 1958 and was completed in 1962. He
became (become critical) in 1963.
Reactor is fueled by natural uranium and heavy water base. French (through its Alsace) provided melting capacity of 24-26 mega - watts, that Israel
had increased in secret - initially to 70 mega - watts and then power up to 150 mega - watts.
Israel tried to claim that the reactor is used for all kinds of civilian targets, for peaceful purposes - just not to build nuclear weapons.
Everything was a lie. Even the water desalination and reclaiming the Negev were recruited to disguise the true role.
So said Ben-Gurion in the Knesset on 21 December 1960, when anything is exposed reactor construction (of Avner Cohen's book "Israel and the Bomb",
Development of the Negev, we see a calling index over the next decade, requires much scientific research - a side, and for this purpose Qimni
Beersheba a scientific institute for research wilderness and flora and fauna of the desert, and like - so we are building now research reactor with a
capacity of 24,000 kilo - watt thermal serve the needs of industry, agriculture , Medicine and Science, and train scientists and Israeli technique to
build a nuclear power plant in the future, as we assume, in 10 to 15 years.
Research reactor in the Negev we build now will not be completed before three or four years. This reactor, a reactor the U.S., is intended solely for
peaceful purposes, and was built under the direction of Israeli experts. End would be open to Trainees from other countries, and is similar to the
reactor helped establish the Canadian government in India, although our smaller reactor power.
Needless to say, except the power of the reactor, although Ben-Gurion's said is true (and later secretly increased power due to the low amount of
plutonium produced, she could hardly build a nuclear bomb). Ben Gurion was not satisfied with this false statement:
"On another query, presented by MK Dr. Yunichman opposition Freedom Movement 'What is the source of the information on touch off an atomic bomb
production, Ben-Gurion replied:' This Article source of false knowingly or unknowingly" (from "The Israeli government announces" by Gideon Spiro,
"Vanunu and the Bomb", page 148).
Reactor from the beginning was part of a secret Defense Ministry and the Prime Minister. He was never designed to produce electricity (power by Ben
Gurion), and was built for research. He has never been open and obvious not visited academics from around the world. Nor reactor was used for
industry, agriculture or medicine - and its purpose from the beginning was the same: to produce plutonium from building nuclear bombs.
According to Vanunu, the reactor produced about 40 kilograms of plutonium per year. Estimate is that up to half of the 70 produced in Israel about 200
kilograms of plutonium; to mid 80s Israel has produced about 350 kilograms more plutonium. Vanunu provided information that shows that Israel has used
about 4.5 kilograms of plutonium bomb, which means at its disposal a pool of 300-200 nuclear bombs and nuclear weapons.
The reactor building
(From an article by Alon Ben-David on channel 10)
Institute 1 is a reactor's core, the structure with the silver dome (height 20 meters).
Institute 3 - Institute which produce the fuel rods and drives the lithium-6 reactor used component of the bomb.
Institute 4 - a putty Institute of the reactor radioactive waste buried in the ground before.
5 Institute - Institute of him expect the reactor's fuel rods aluminum.
Institute 6 - power plant that provides electricity to the reactor.
Institute 8 - laboratory where Israel produces plutonium and enriched uranium can be used like fissionable bomb material. To produce uranium gas
Institute 9 - Laser Institute of uranium enrichment, a unique Israeli patent.
Institute 10 - Institute of depleted uranium production, an important component in the production of armor-piercing shells.
Institute 2 - a long building (60 meters by 24 meters) between two floors with no windows. Below the two floors there are six places where Israel has
established a plant for separating plutonium secretly designed to produce atomic bombs. In recent years, it turned out that this project was supported
by the French.
In the 60 American inspectors visited the first floor of the Institute 2. They saw the restaurant and offices. Special wall built hid from them the
elevator descended down into the ground.
2 Institute of trucks bringing the processed uranium rods in a reactor. Through the big doors crane grabs the bars and pulls them deep into the
largest production 4 floors. The rods are baptized in containers of nitric acid and boiled in 30 hours. System draws the water pipes, including
uranium and plutonium. Chemically separated materials, baked in an oven from which a small ball out of the 130 grams of plutonium, 1.7 kilograms of
plutonium per week. For one bomb requires a quantity of more than four kilograms of plutonium.
Level 2 Institute 2 process can be expected to set up a special balcony distinguished guests - terrace known as terrace Golda. Level 4 produce a
substance called tritium, is used to make bombs contributed to - nuclear bombs more powerful than ordinary atomic bomb. In addition to producing two
at the second bomb necessary materials: lithium and Ditorium.
All these components are taken to level 5 mm machine unit 2, Department of Metals 2, and here are complex with a nuclear bomb.
Model of the Israeli atomic bomb, as photographed by Mordechai Vanunu
Get critical mass with shell core merger
Israel's decision to establish a nuclear reactor which would produce an atomic bomb was never democratically discussed. It was a decision of one man,
David Ben Gurion, and a small team of people around who supported it and hid it from anyone who was opposed. The very concealment surmise that in
those days he was preparing to vote she would not get a majority. Indeed, the Knesset and the government has never discussed this and have never voted
democratically in the decision to produce nuclear weapons. When it was discovered in December 1960 the reactor was already a fait accompli.
The same reactor in Dimona reactor French Bmrcol (Marcoule). The French closed it in 1984 because of his advanced age. Such reactors are designed for
40 years, when the Dimona reactor running 45 years (which became a critical moment) and therefore considered very old fashioned and very dangerous.
Doubts of the reactor was increased far beyond the original design of the planners, which increases the risk of
edit on 23-2-2012 by Retikx
because: (no reason given)