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Originally posted by sy.gunson
The Vatican lost it's sovereignty to a Piedmont led uprising in 1868 which led to the annexation of Rome in 1870.
Decades later the Italian King and his premier Mussolini granted the return of full sovereignty in Feb 1929. What was in it for the Italian fascists that induced them to do so and was any role played by the Catholic party in Germany or by the Rothschilds reputed to be bankers to the Pope?
Does anybody have some solid advice or answers for me please?
I am writing a period novel and want to get a handle on the politics which forced restoration of the Vatican?
Is there any link with the Concordat with Hitler and was any deal done in advance of the concordat?
The Nazis ultimately wanted to repress the Catholic Church but rumours persist of alleged Vatican collusion. I am unsure what to believe?
Lateran Treaty The Lateran Treaty is one of the Lateran Pacts of 1929 or Lateran Accords, three agreements made in 1929 between the Kingdom of Italy and the Holy See, ratified June 7, 1929, ending the "Roman Question". Italy was then under a Fascist government; the succeeding Italian governments have all upheld the treaty. The pacts consisted of three documents: A political treaty recognising the full sovereignty of the Holy See in the State of Vatican City, which was thereby established. A concordat regulating the position of the Catholic Church and the Catholic religion in the Italian state. A financial convention agreed on as a definitive settlement of the claims of the Holy See following the losses of its territories and property. Negotiations for the settlement of the Roman Question began in 1926 between the government of Italy and the Holy See, and culminated in the agreements of the three Lateran Accords, signed for King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy by Benito Mussolini, Prime Minister of Italy and leader ("Duce") of the National Fascist Party, and for Pope Pius XI by Pietro Gasparri, Cardinal Secretary of State, on February 11, 1929. The agreements were signed in the Lateran Palace, hence the name by which they are known. The agreements included a political treaty which created the state of the Vatican City and guaranteed full and independent sovereignty to the Holy See. The Pope was pledged to perpetual neutrality in international relations and to abstention from mediation in a controversy unless specifically requested by all parties. The concordat established Catholicism as the religion of Italy. The financial agreement was accepted as settlement of all the claims of the Holy See against Italy arising from the loss of temporal power in 1870.