One of the uses described is an Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) weapon which gives an operator the same ability to wipe out electronic circuits as a
nuclear blast would provide. The main difference is that this new technology is controllable, and can be used without violating nuclear weapons
This section of the report then described energy levels needed for the following to occur:
"Overheats and damages animal tissue."
"Possibly affects nervous system."
"Threshold for microwave hearing."
"Causes bit errors in unshielded computers."
"Burns out unprotected receiver diodes in antennas."
The effects are based on radio frequency radiation being pulsed "between 10 and 100 pulses per second". The report confirmed that non-thermal
effects were being researched. These non-thermal effects included damage to human health when the effects occurred "within so-called modulation
frequency windows (10 Hertz is one such window11) or power density windows12".
The way these weapons work was clearly described when the report noted their effect on machines:
"A HPM (High Power Microwave) weapon employs a high power, rapidly pulsating microwave beam that penetrates electronic components.The pulsing action
internally excites the components, rapidly generating intense heat which causes them to fuse or melt, thus destroying the circuit...HPM (weapons)
attack at the speed of light thus making avoidance of the beam impossible, consequently negating the advantage of weapon systems such as high velocity
In other words, with this kind of weapon there is no machine which could get by this invisible wall of directed energy.
Another report on non-lethal technologies, issued by the Council on Foreign Relations points out that, "The Nairobi Convention, to which the United
States is a signatory, prohibits the broadcast of electronic signals into a sovereign state without its consent in peacetime."13
This report opens discussion of the use of these weapons against terrorists and drug traffickers.14 The CFR report recommends that this be done
secretly so that the victims do not know where the attack is from, or if there even is an attack. There is a problem with this approach. The use of
these weapons, even against these kinds of individuals, may be in violation of United States law in that it presumes guilt rather than innocence. In
other words the police, CIA, DEA or other enforcement organization becomes the judge, jury and executioner.
Going to another document by a Captain Paul Tyler, we can look at the debate between classical theories and recent research. There is a gulf of
conflict between these two schools of thought. The debate centers on the classical idea that only ionizing radiation (that which generates heat in
tissue) can cause reactions in the body, while new research indicates that subtle, small, amounts of energy can cause reactions as well. What Tyler
wrote in 1984, as an officer in the Air Force, puts the debate simply. He said,
"Even though the body is basically an electrochemical system, modern science has almost exclusively studied the chemical aspects of the body and to
date has largely neglected the electrical aspects. However, over the past decade researchers have devised many mathematical models to approximate the
internal fields in animals and humans. Some of the later models have shown general agreement with experimental measurements made with the phantom
models and animals. Presently most scientists in the field use the concept of specific absorption rate for determining the Dosimetry (dosages) of
electromagnetic radiation. Specific absorption rate is the intensity of the internal electric field or quantity of energy absorbed... However, the use
of these classical concepts of electrodynamics does not explain some experimental results and clinical findings. For example, according to classical
physics, the frequency of visible light would indicate that it is reflected or totally absorbed within the first few millimeters of tissue and thus no
light should pass through significant amounts of tissue. But it does. Also, classical theory indicates that the body should be completely invisible to
extremely low frequencies of light where a single wave length is thousands of miles long. However, visible light has been used in clinical medicine to
transilluminate various body tissues."15
In other words, the classical theories are partially wrong in that they do not fully explain all of the reactions which are observed in the body. The
Navy has abstracted over a thousand international professional papers by private and government scientists which explore these issues.
"A second area where classical theory fails to provide an adequate explanation for observed effects is in the clinical use of extremely low frequency
(ELF) electromagnetic fields. Researchers have found that pulsed external magnetic fields at frequencies below 100 Hertz (pulses/cycles per second)
will stimulate the healing of nonunion fractures, congenital pseudarthroses, and failed arthroses. The effects of these pulsed magnetic fields have
been extremely impressive, and their use in orthopedic conditions has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration."16
Even the FDA, one of the most vigorous regulatory authorities in the country, accepts these non-thermal effects. Tyler adds,
"Recently, pulsed electromagnetic fields have been reported to induce cellular transcription (this has to do with the duplication or copying of
information from DNA, a process important to life). At the other end of the non ionizing spectrum, research reports are also showing biological
effects that are not predicted in classical theories. For example, Kremer and others have published several papers showing that low intensity
millimeter waves produce biological effects. They have also shown that not only are the effects seen at very low power, but they are also
Tyler goes on to discuss the results of this new thinking and the possible effects of these low energy radiations in terms of information transfer and
storage, and their effects on the nervous system. Research has shown that very specific frequencies cause very specific reactions, and, once a
critical threshold is passed, negative reactions occur.17