reply to post by wildtimes
Thank you for bringing the thread back on-topic, as well as sharing your emotional experiences with us - and everyone else who has.
I would like to go a bit further into what neurofeedback is, as I say it's a "newish" form of therapy but the theory of it, and research on it, has
been on-going since the 70's.
The brain has various states of electrical activity that it goes through during different states of mind. These have been classified as brainwaves,
and most people that have taken any type of psychology course can identify the four wave types; alpha, beta, delta and theta. This electrical
activity can be monitored by placing a sensor (electrode) on the surface of the scalp and have the power of the electrical activity output to a meter
The theory is that by monitoring this activity in real-time, a therapist can retrain abnormal brainwaves through positive 90% reinforcement, or to be
more technical, by using the theory of Classical Conditioning ( en.wikipedia.org...
) as was popularized by a Russian
researcher who trained his dog to salivate every-time he rang a bell.
It has only been due to recent advances in technology and computing that this therapy has moved from research institutes to being available in
So here's what a neurofeedback session is.
Once the abnormal patterns are identified, the therapy session is done using a single electrode on the area that training is going to take place.
After being "hooked-up" they also put on headphones and spend the session in-front of a computer that's running the neruofeedback software. This
software takes the brainwave data from the EEG sensor, and then compares it to the goal that the therapist has set for the session, and rewards the
person's brain in real-time for conforming to this goal. Prior to the session the person will choose music that they like, or a movie/tv show to
watch and this is their "reward" during the session. When the brainwaves deviates from the goal, the software makes the volume of the music become
quieter, or the video of the show/movie become darker. In 80% - 90% of humans their brains will naturally adjust to the negative feedback and return
to the goal zone to be rewarded, and the session lasts for approximately 30 minutes before being completed. That's it! It's non-invasive,
there's no surgery involved. The only condition is that in order for a person to see results they need to have 3 sessions a week - in the same way
a person needs to workout 3 times a week to see results with the rest of their muscles.
Most people are done with neurofeedback therapy after 40 sessions, but in the case of this girl and more difficult disorders to treat, 100 - 150
sessions would be necessary. This is also part of the problem of it being a main-street therapy for people, because even though this therapy is FDA
approved, and accepted by the American Psychiatry Association, medical insurance companies generally do not approve it and thus refuse to pay out
claims for it. At a cost of around $80 - $120 per session, and having three sessions a week, the costs add-up rapidly to around $960 - $1440 per
month which is beyond the means for most people with psychological conditions. There is good news though, the BCIA (Biofeedback Certification
International Alliance www.bcia.org...
) which is the main governing agency of nerofeedback certification saw a 40% increase in certified
practitioners last year - with most of them being neurofeedback certification.
This link provides a much better explanation of what neurofeedback is: www.isnr.org...
Research on neurofeedback is ongoing and every year more positive journals are published for it's efficiency, and it's not just for sociopaths!
Here's a list of all the disorders with significant published research showing positive results.
Addiction, Anxiety, Attachment Disorder, Autism, Autoimmune Dysfunction, ADHD/ADD, Chronic Pain, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Conduct Disorders,
Depression, Eating Disorder, Epilepsy, Fetal Alchohol Syndrome, Learning Disabilities, Migraine, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Pre-Menstrual
Syndrome, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Sleep Disorders, Stroke, Tourette’s Syndrome, Traumatic Brain Injury, Borderline Personality Disorder,
Dissociative Identity Disorder, Cognitive Decline in the Elderly, Parkinson’s Disease
That list is taken directly from this link: www.eegspectrum.com...
And you can go to that site, and click on any of the
disorders to be linked to published material.
I need to also put forward this warning. This is a very powerful therapy and should only be done by licensed providers! Improper use of
neurofeedback can result in mania, anxiety, depression and other.