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There are few places in the world where there has never been war, where the environment is fully protected, and where scientific research has priority. But there is a whole continent like this - it is the land the Antarctic Treaty parties call '... a natural reserve, devoted to peace and science'.
At the southern end of our world, those who share the challenges of distance and cold to visit the ice-bound continent have developed a tradition of warm cooperation. Such cooperation, unique on this scale, is cemented by the Antarctic Treaty.
The Antarctic Treaty was signed in Washington on 1 December 1959 by the twelve nations that had been a ctive during the IGY (Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Chile, France, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, South Africa, United Kingdom, United States and USSR). The Treaty, which applies to the area south of 60° South latitude, is surprisingly short, but remarkably effective. Through this agreement, the countries active in Antarctica consult on the uses of a whole continent, with a commitment that it should not become the scene or object of international discord. In its fourteen articles the Treaty:
1. stipulates that Antarctica should be used exclusively for peaceful purposes, military activities, such as the establishment of military bases or weapons testing, are specifically prohibited;
2. guarantees continued freedom to conduct scientific research, as enjoyed during the IGY;
3. promotes international scientific cooperation including the exchange of research plans and personnel, and requires that results of research be made freely available
The climate of Antarctica is the coldest on the whole of Earth. Antarctica has the lowest naturally occurring temperature ever recorded on the ground on Earth: −89.2 °C (−128.6 °F) at Vostok Station. It is also extremely dry (technically a desert), averaging 166 mm (6.5 in) of precipitation per year. Even so, on most parts of the continent the snow rarely melts and is eventually compressed to become the glacial ice that makes up the ice sheet. Weather fronts rarely penetrate far into the continent. Most of Antarctica has an ice cap climate (Köppen EF) with very cold, generally extremely dry weather throughout the year and no month averaging above 0 °C (32 °F). Some fringe coastal areas have a polar climate (Köppen ET) with a short summer averaging above freezing, and much higher precipitation
Originally posted by sir_slide
If I'm not mistaken I think Australia has a pretty good claim to it, at least quite a lot of it, Chile and New Zealand too though. Whoever controls antarctica will be loaded with resources when some of it melts....It will be a big issue who has control of it though, big big issue in the future, hopefully we can all be civil about it.
Originally posted by jta79
Yes, correct... Your op basically explains it all... Nobody owns it and it is for any country to use for peaceful scientific research...