Flying Cigar: Mitsubishi G4M 'Betty'
Because of the shape of the fuselage and its inflammability.
Centipede: Tupolev Tu-142 'Bear-F'
The first batch of Tu-142s had twelve-wheel main gear bogies for operations from dirt strips. Later batches reverted to four-wheel bogies.
Flying Suitcase: Handley Page Hampden
Had a narrow, very deep front fuselage.
Ground Gripper: De Havilland Trident
A bit underpowered, especially during take-off.
Kaasjager: North American F-86K Sabre
Cheese fighter, nickname of the aircraft in Dutch service. Because of the letter K, and the association of cheese with the Netherlands.
Triple Threat: Republic F-105 Thunderchief
It could bomb you, it could shoot you, and it could fall on you...
Tsetse: De Havilland Mosquito FB Mk.XVIII
A Mosquito with a larger cannon.
Propably not foreign nickname but IMO one the best:
Frustrated Palm Tree: Sikorsky R-4 Hoverfly
Voting Member: F-16 pilot
Because the computers can override his commands, if they are outside the design envelope.
Piiskatykki: "whipcannon", WW2 direct fire cannons of Soviets, because of their sound.
I don't remember other ones so here's little Finnish army slang words.
Nicknames for anti-tank mine:
tellu: telamiina~anti-tank mine
Burana 10000: burana is "wonder pill/medicine what they give to every illness
kuntonappi: nappi=pill, and kunto~excersise because of running with these is good excersise
kultanappi: kulta=gold , because of its yellow color.
Nicknames for 20 kg demolition charge:
häväri (hävityspanos ~ demolition charge)
jumppakuutio, kuntokuutio (kuutio=cube, jumppa/kunto~excersise because carrying (/running with) those is good excersise)
itko, itikka: ITKK/ilmatorjuntakonekivääri which is translation for "anti-aircraft machinegun"
kessi: kevyt kertasinko. (kevyt=light, kerta=disposable sinko=bazooka)
Rebekka: RBK, target acquisition radar
Sergei: ITK-23 (ZU-23)
Tetsari: taisteluvyö/TST-vyö = battle vest.
There would be also some very nice nicknames for others things so I'll try to translate at least best of those if you want.
(like this one: piruntorjuntaupseeri, officially sotilaspastori: "anti-devil officer" aka military priest)