A rather interesting look at fluoride toxicity in Salmon. Salmon appear to experience overgrowth of their snout, which appears similar to an effect
of bone areas were ligaments attach getting longer and causing pain due to fluoride toxic effects in humans.
Smelters vs. Salmon:
In a field study, Damkaer and Dey demonstrated that high salmon loss at John Day Dam on the Columbia River, 1982-1986, was caused by the inhibition of
migration by fluoride contamination from an aluminum smelter located 1.6 km [one mile] above the dam. In 1982, the average daily discharge of fluoride
was 384 kg and the salmon loss was 55%. In 1985, discharge averaged 49 kg and was accompanied by a concentration of 0.2 ppm and a salmonid loss of 5%.
Damkaer and Dey confirmed the cause-and-effect relationship by means of a two-choice flume for fluoride gradient salmon behavior tests. These
determined that the “critical level” was 0.2 ppm.
There are other studies that indicate that fluoride at levels below 1.5 ppm have lethal and other adverse effects on fish. Delayed hatching of rainbow
trout have occurred at 1.5 ppm; brown mussels have died at 1.4 ppm; an alga (Porphyria tenera) was killed by a four-hour fumigation with fluoride with
a critical concentration of 0.9 ppm; and, levels below 0.1 ppm were shown to be lethal to the water flea, Daphnia magna. These latter two studies
suggest that salmon species also may be affected by fluoride-induced reduction of food supply.
Documents used in a 1961 court case involving Meader’s Trout farm in Pocatello, Idaho, contain evidence that between 1949 and 1950 trout damage and
loss was related to fluoride contamination due to rain washing airborne particles from leaves into hatchery water at levels as low as 0.5 ppm. This
evidence suggests that the “safe level” of fluoride in the fresh water habitat of salmon species is not 1.5 ppm but, 0.2 ppm.
There are many questions, but until evidence to the contrary is available, based on impartial field studies, in order to protect salmon species in the
US Northwest and British Columbia, the “critical level” of fluoride in fresh water should be 0.2 mgF/L.
The strategy for eliminating unacceptable levels of fluoride from the “critical habitat” of Northwest Pacific salmon consists of the immediate
banning of artificial fluoridation and the rapid sun setting of the current disposal practices of fluoride-producing industries.
So, in terms of habitats for Salmon, the issues of fluoride in the water is becoming very important.
Birds also appear to have a similar lack of tolerance for fluoride in the air or water.
In the issues of childhood development, the tolerance for infants to fluoride is set at zero. Those temping fate with allowing newborns to get
fluoride in the formula appear to set up risk factors for neurological and sexual development problems. Which is why Mother's Milk for humans has
almost NO fluoride content.
The Qustion is why would anyone what the drink or feed infants anything known to kill fish and birds at extremely low levels?
The lowest temperature at which nonstick coatings have been reported to kill birds in a peer-reviewed study is 396°F (202°C) . In May 1998,
poultry researchers at the University of Missouri recorded 52 percent mortality in 2400 chicks within three days of the birds being placed into floor
pens with new PTFE-coated heat lamp bulbs. After ruling out bacterial infections like E. Coli and Salmonella, or toxic gases such as sulfur dioxide,
carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide, the scientists finally linked the chick deaths to offgas products from the PTFE-coated bulbs. All of the chicks
examined after death had lung lesions and moderate to severe pulmonary edema consistent with “PTFE toxicosis.”
The researchers also learned from a private communication with Dr. Bedros Nersessian that a duck research facility that used the same PTFE-coated heat
lamps had 23.3 percent death in ducklings, over 400 ducklings in all, within five days . In 1997, two English veterinarians reported a case in
which eight raptor deaths over three months were attributed to PTFE coated heat lamps. This incident was described in a letter on PTFE toxicity in
birds published in the journal Veterinary Record . In addition, an inadvertent poisoning of pet birds has been reported when a Teflon-coated
surface was heated to 325°F (163°C). | View Bird Death Diaries
These reports and personal accounts indicate that Teflon offgases toxic substances at temperatures as low as 396°F and 325°F. I
Teflon Poisoning, Tip of the Pollution Iceberg
Pre-polluted children moving toward an autoimmune nightmare
edit on 4-2-2012 by MagnumOpus because: Nature tells that fluoride is a poison