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Well, as expected, i have met a solid wall of resistance (R) for my revolutionary and provocative posting.
I allowed for this, and also for attempts to censor, discredit or just plain 'blocking' of sites with 'errors'.
As we move into stage 2 of the info-war, i plan to move the whole forum away from youtube, aol etc.
Once i have tested the backup sites, i will choose one and send everyone a link.
I will only send this link by e-mail, not over youtube, also i need to mail members directly, or en masse.
Just mail me, say 'I want in', your adress will be noted, and the mail deleted.
This computer is 'sanitized' regularly, so hopefully no-one has been 'zapped'
For my part, i will create 1 or 2 extra e-mail accounts where you can reach me, and treat your email adress with the utmost secrecy-you don't NEED to put your email in the Guestbook, but it would be useful if you all had each others details.....
Dr. Eugene F. Mallove, Editor-in-Chief
Infinite Energy Magazine
Cold Fusion Technology, Inc.
PO Box 2816
Concord, NH 03302
A word of WARNING right up front: This is potentially VERY DANGEROUS work
and must not be done without maximum, safety precautions and supervision
by those thoroughly versed in laboratory safety! It involves
high-temperatures, high-voltages, explosive mi xtures of oxygen and
hydrogen, caustic solutions, and steam generation that if improperly
contained could cause a deadly explosion. These are just the beginning
hazards. This is unknown territory. Drs. Ohmori and Mizuno measured the
transmutation of elem ents in this experiment. Thus, until further notice
^Ë and despite your possible skepticism about their claim of transmutation
^Ë this work must be considered, by definition, nuclear experimentation.
With that said, we encourage every thoughtful group who can do this
experiment safely to attempt it. Infinite Energy and Cold Fusion
Technology, Inc. take no responsibility for the known or unknown radiation
or other hazards that are associated this experiment.
After much work we now have what appears to be a marvelous do-it-yourself
"cold fusion" experiment. Any reasonably equipped chem/physics lab can see
the effect within days to a week -- if they get their act together. The
experiment has the following quali ties:
1. It is visually and audibly spectacular -- brilliant glowing, pink,
purple, lavender with white flashes on an underwater tungsten (W)
electrode ( e.g. 2 mm x 5 mm W foil or 1 cm x 1.6 mm diameter tungsten
welding rod). A plasma-like underwater discharge on the electrode that
often manages to disintegrate or melt tungsten underwater with only about
50 to 80 watts of power over a short period. (Tungsten's melting point is
3680 K or thereabouts.) The sound of the underwater "explosions" on the
cathode -- brilliant white flashes on the purple background plasma -- is
2. It is *totally reproducible* -- at will -- with no loading time as in
the Pd/heavy water experiments
3. Calorimetry is simple to do because there is so much steam energy
evolved from the reaction that by simply tallying the amount of water
vaporized as steam, one gets over-unity every time (so far). Three groups
have already gotten *preliminary* over-unity results: 1. Ohmori and Mizuno
in Japan, who introduced the phenomenon at ICCF-7 (O/U estimated at
2.6/1); 2. Gene Mallove and FAA engineer Ed Wall here in Bow, NH during
the past ten days -- work continuing -- (CONSERVATIVELY 1.4/1); 3.
Engineer Mark Hugo of Northern States Power in Minnesota (but his
affiliation has nothing to do with his home experiment) -- (CONSERVATIVELY
1.5/1), but owrk still continuing to check for errors. Chemist John
Thompson in the Bahamas, who attended ICCF-7, was the first person outside
of Japan to reproduce the effect and will do calorimetry on it soon. This
will be in IE #20 out on July 22.
4. No one has patents or may be able to get them since the effect was
noticed in other forms (1916!) and reported extensively in the Journal of
the Electrochemical Society, April, 1950, p.133 in an article titled ("The
Anode Effect in Aqueous Electrolysis," by Herbert Kellogg of the School of
Mines, Columbia University. New York -- Hal Fox found this marvelous
article, since it relates to some of the work his Trenergy Company is
doing weith charge clustgers and radioactivity reduction. This may,
indeed, be related to the underwater electrolysis ability to remediate
nuclear waste. But -- OF COURSE! -- NO *calorimetry* was done in 1950. No
one had any idea that such simple systems could be O/U. The systems were
studied for other reasons. Further: the present tungsten effect is seen
mainly on the cathode, but it can make the Pt anode incandescent too at
lower water temperature (say 50 C) -- we normally work over 80 C. It is
very mysterious -- was so to Kellogg in 1950 and remains so.
5. Ohmori and Mizuno found major evidence for transmutation of elements
and volcanic ejection of metals from the tungsten surface -- these SEM
photos were reproduced in their article. They find Hg, Os, Kr, Zn, Cu, Ni,
Fe, Cr, Si, and Mg -- with anomalous isotopic content. Just as I said, in
IE #15/16, this subject is more properly called ³Electro-Alchemy"
6. Heat up the beaker solution to 80 C either by electrolysis at low DC
input power -- e.g. 20 V, 1.8 to 2 amps -- or with an external hot plate.
(Turn off the hot plate and **remove it** if calorimetry is being used.)
At about 80 deg --sometimes at a lower temperature -- crank up the volts
to 120 to 180. The effect changes appearance as voltage increases. Current
will drop substantially to 0.2 to 0.4 amps as the sheath of steam
surrounds the glowiing plasma-sheathed cathode. Keep an alcohol
thermometer suspended in the solution to measure the temperature. I would
*initially* avoid thermocouples because of the threat of violent
electromagnetic interference in this unknown phenomena.
In calorimetric assessment: Heating credit should be taken for the full
mass of water in the cell from the initial temperature of say 80 C to the
boiling point. However, you may find it difficult to push the average
solution temperature up to 100C (we were only in the low to mid 90s),
because the steam ejected cools the solution so rapidly. The boiling point
is elevated -- McKubre estimated to me in aprivate communciation by only
0.25 deg C for such a solution). This is wonderful, because we WANT steam.
It will be no problem at all to power steam engines with this, if pending
thorough verification of excess energy (This *is* work in progress that
must be confirmed!) we figure out how to get the power ratio high enough,
if it is not there already. The main source of the excess is the amount
boiled off: water vaporized requires about 2260 J/gm.
Why was this missed by other cold fusion people? Simple: everyone was
looking for a sedate reaction that P&F had started with when the real pay
off was in these higher voltage systems that trigger with metals like
tungsten. W is recommended due to its temperature resistance, but John
Thompson has found that other metals such as Al, Cu, Ni, and Zr also work
-- as far as the *visible* effect. The colors of the emissions are
different -- different hot plasma near the cathode surface.
Other parameters that need to be explored:
* Higher voltage
* Can energy be extracted from the recycled water after steam condensation
or if Mills-type hydrinos are formed, do they become "inert"?
* Other electrolytes -- KCl also works, according to Thompson, try higher
* Other metals
* Pressurized systems -- BE CAREFUL!!!
* Recombine oxygen and hydrogen -- but a very small part of the effect,
undoubtedly -- to get extra energy in the output
* Try heavy water in various mixtures with light water
* Detect electromagnetic pulse from the device -- if it is there as they
found in Japan
* Examine the element production and non-natural isotope ratios formed
* SEM imaging for morphology of craters
* Look for radiation -- use film fogging techniques, CR-39 plastic
This will keep a lot of people busy for a long time. As soon as we pin
down the thermal characteristics a bit more, we and others well be
hell-bent to scale up to larger power-producing units -- with SAFETY FIRST
as our motto.
This is a typical, very brief O/U investigation run that Ed Wall and I
performed here recently in an uninsulated glass beaker on a metal surface
-- VERY rough calculation, conservative, we think. Among other factors
reducing effect apart from ZERO insulation is the recondensation and
re-boiling of material -- we had a plastic cover on the beaker with holes
drilled in it. A distillation recondensation device would be preferred to
observe water evolved as steam.
Input: 0.7 to 0.8 amps, avg 0.75 A input at 168 volts = 26,590 J
Duration: 3 minutes, 31 seconds
Solution reduced from 183 ml to 173 ml due to boil-off
Output = 10 x 2260 J/gm H2O + 183 x (about 15 C rise during heating to
full boiling at about 92 C) x 4.18 J/gm C = 34,060
output/input = 1.28
Credit for uninsulated vessel and re-bailing of condnsed liquid could
easily push this to 1.40 and beyond. Much more work needs to be done.
I hope that other Vortexians will try this -- CAREFULLY, please!
Ohmori and Mizuno did calorimatry on the last few mintues BEFORE boiling
and compared the rate of temperature rise to that of a joule heater's
effect on the same volume of electrolyte. That's how they got their 2.6/1.
****** See Infinite Energy #20 for more information in late July.
FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS AND SURPLUS OF ENERGY
Idea of existence of free energy in so called over-unity machines has been
greatly criticized and mocking by official scientists. The reason was the first law
of thermodynamics which says that “energy in closed system can change from
one form into another and can not be destroyed or created“. Important thing
which thermodynamics fanatics have missed is that idea of closed system has no
sense at all. It is enough to remember cosmic rays which can penetrate earth soil
several kilometers, various radio waves which penetrate the space and carry
some energy like sun wind, gravitation force, and also the fact that cosmos alone
is not completely cold but has temperature of 4 deg. K.