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Disappeared for nearly five centuries before the Spanish conquest of Peru the most fabulous treasure ever remember KORICANCHA existing within the Temple of the Sun of the Incas:
"Tons of gold in the form of statues, sun dials, trees, flowers, birds, jugs and ceremonial objects, were placed in a safe"
For many years it has been speculated that the most valuable and sacred Inca gold had ended in the underground rooms were accessed through long secret tunnels in the subsoil of Cusco. Many historians and researchers as Garcilaso de la Vega, Cieza de Leon, Felipe Poma de Ayala, Martin Morua, Sarmiento de Gamboa, Ernst Middendorf, William Montgomery McGovern, Alexander Von Humboldt and even referred in his writings to this network of tunnels.
So far, its existence and origin has never been publicly documented. Many have speculated about the purpose, age and creators of the network, and is, in short, archaeologists, contrary to what one might think, have been the last to devote to research and gather information about the enigma of the tunnels.
For the first time in our time, and with the help of new technologies for cutting-edge archaeological research (GPR remote sensing - GPR) to detect man-made structures in the ground at great depth, the researcher ANSELM Pi Rambla, a specialist in pre-Columbian cultures and his team BOHICA EXPLORER RUZ, have begun a systematic exploration of Saqsaywaman Archaeological Park and the ancient Temple of the Sun, to unearth the lost Inca ceremonial sets and clear all doubts of historians and researchers about an enigma considered by many as a simple statement:
"The existence of an extensive network of tunnels of prodigious manufacturing Inca, who started the Temple of the Sun (Koricancha) and reach the archaeological site of Sacsayhuaman, an approximate distance of 2 km under the ground in Cusco, which can accommodate within Inca treasure largely hidden in the underground network at the time of the Spanish conquest. "
On March 30 the crypt was opened with great caution since toxic gases were detected inside (methane) and the possibility of existence of pathogens.
Material was removed stones and mud that sealed the entrance in the SW and SE corners. Subsequently, the exploration team entered Ruz BOHICA inside special outfits for the first analysis of pollutants. Once disinfected the area of archeology team continued its work by drawing a new picture of excavation.
Given the vastness of space, with a length of 3.70 m and a width of 3.60 m, which occupies the crypt as a whole and keep the research methodology, were drawn around the table referred to under seven tables and complementary.
This subdivision was done systematically maintain the standard of the archaeological record, but overall the bones, loose soil and wood burial boxes are only associated with a funeral context.
On the floor of this room were placed the remains of human bones in great numbers, it was available in a disorderly manner, prompting the site prior to our work has been desecrated, probably by people who work for the restoration of the temple in the decade of the 50 entered inside. The looting caused the total disturbación corpses were placed in this first level as well as alder wood burial boxes that were also destroyed by those who visited the site.
However, at lower levels has been a pattern of skeletons buried in the possession of dorsal cube, which makes us suggest that the general pattern assumes an identification with the Christian faith and for burials is the seventeenth, eighteenth and XIX. These burials are associated with grave goods consisting of Spanish design silks and the presence of two crucifixes, small and medium-sized, white and yellow metal, supposed to be an offering to the deceased deposited rosary, custom was introduced in the region with the current Christian evangelizing the sixteenth century.
The excavation reached within an average depth of 1.80 meters. The excavation process is carefully recorded throughout the sequence carrying the respective technical work of excavation.
The work of opening of the Grande Chinkana made in the NE sector of the Stone Tired where current lore, some researchers and historians claim that, under the big stone, there is a natural cave entrance that connects to the famous labyrinths mentioned by Garcilaso de la Vega and other chroniclers, placed according to the chronicles inside the great walls of Sacsayhuaman.
The work required a huge effort because of the amount of water and mud that accumulated daily because of the leaks. It could dig under the rock to a depth of 18 meters and got to the heart of the Weary Stone.
We have to mention that in Saqsaywaman weathering and erosion have worn away the exposed surfaces of the existing limestone masses in the area, to the point of being in some small blocks karst surfaces.
Tired in the Stone dissolution of limestone by rain water charged with carbon dioxide and ground water circulating through the cracks and bedding planes, during the Pleistocene, have led some natural flaws and undermining small, but we have to conclude there is no cave under the tired stones. Categorically rule out that this is the Big Chinkana sector mentioned by the early chroniclers, historians and researchers of the XVII, XVIII and XIX.
The “Chincana Chica” is about 150 meters northeast of the famous slide of Sacsayhuaman, is narrow, low, and of course small. The “Chincana Grande”, is located about two hundred meters away from the “Chincana Chica” and is not accessible, since it is closed. There are several myths about this known to the locals; some say it has underground tunnels connecting Sacsayhuaman, the Cathedral of Cusco, and even the Temple of Santo Domingo – Qorikancha.
The story goes that one day many years ago, by the calculations would be the beginning of this century; it said that two daring students – in some versions of two young men speaking Spanish – are other Americans, decided to break the mystery of Sacsayhuaman and ventured to enter the galleries of the “Chincana Grande”.
This time the boys took ropes and sails it into the maze of alleyways, was said to falls and steep descents. According to legend one of the doors came to Qoricancha (Qori means gold and Cancha means site) in the Temple of the Sun, now the Convent of Santo Domingo. It is said that there were places where the Incas hid the treasures of the temple at the greed of the Spanish and sealed the entrances.
Peru and Chile, when they were ruled by the Incas, also reveal knowledge of the underground. "Supai," the god of death, had an underground dwelling, a much feared "Place of Darkness ." "Pachacamce," the god of the earth, caused underground rumblings in subterranean places where huge stones evidently fell, hours after he had shaken the earth with violence.
A legend of the first Inca "Manco Capac" relates that he and his followers, the founders of the Inca real, came from underground caves, while the people of the time revered snakes because of "Urcaguay," the god of the underground treasures. This god is depicted as a large snake whose tail has a hanging pendant from it, the head of a deer and many little gold chains. Even the "Comentarios Reales de los Incas" of Garciliasso de la Vega hints at the existence of the subterranean.
The President of Peru, Alan Garcia, on the afternoon of Monday, July 11, opened an exhibition on the architectural remains of a "temple" * pre Ishma Inca culture, discovered in the cellars of the Palace of Government.
"Government Palace seat of power is two thousand years in the history of Peru," said President Alan Garcia to discuss about the age of the Lima culture and highlight the remains found, whose exposure to the public from the day will Wednesday July 13 from 9 am to 6 pm, according to a statement from the portal of the Government of Peru.
The Head of State stressed the enormous importance of culture as a production center of Lima, religious and fishing over two thousand years of history. He noted that Lima is presented as almost casual about the arrival of the Spanish, but he said, the story of Mary Rostorowski and others, Lima has had over two thousand years, a historical presence, spiritual cultural and higher than it usually is recognized.
The discoverer of this finding, according to official government statement, it would be nothing less than the President García. According to reports the website of the Government of Peru, Alan Garcia related that one day, during his first government (1985-1990), "walking on a long passage, in the area below Eléspuru Hall, a wall was found in the which was a door. (...) after she had a small room and had the intuition that something was hidden behind the wall. "
The official report continues: "Later, in his second term, he said (Garcia), one of the first things he did upon returning to the Government Palace was back there with the help of some masons and archaeologists found the remains of what apparently seemed a little with some human remains, including skulls and vertebrae. "