The SS lasted 20 years it was started in 1925 lasted until the end of WWII when it was banned in Germany along with the Nazi Party. During their early
years they promised safety and security to those who were citizens of Germany. But in the end they were responsible for the holocaust and the death of
around 12 million killed in the holocaust.
First when they were formed as a protective force as bodyguards to protect the elite. At that time there were less then 1,000 members and at times
less then 300. After Hitler appointed Himmler in 1932 it had around 52,000 members. By the end of the next year over 200,900. When WWII began there
were around 250,000.
The SS from 1925 to 1939 had five offices, they were Administration, Personnel, Finance Security and Race. In 1931 it was restructured into five
groups, headquarters staff, Personnel Office, Administration Office, SS Reserves and SS Medical Corps.
In 1936 the Nazi power seized the power over the SS and expanded it's power. As Himmler described:
We shall unremittingly fulfill our task, the guaranty of the security of Germany from the interior, just as the Wehr-macht guarantees the safety,
the honor, the greatness, and the peace of the Reich from the exterior. We shall take care that never again in Germany, the heart of Europe, will the
Jewish-Bolshevistic revolution of subhumans be able to be kindled either from within or through emissaries from without. Without pity we shall be a
merciless sword of justice for all those forces whose existence and activity we know, on the day of the slightest attempt, may it be today, may it be
in decades or may it be in centuries.
Following Hitler's assumption of power in Germany, the SS became regarded as a state organization and a branch of the established government. The
Headquarters Staff, SD, and Race Office became full-time paid employees, as did the leaders of the SS-Gruppen and some of their command staffs. The
rest of the SS were considered part-time volunteers, and in this concept the Allgemeine-SS came into being.
The night of Long Knives,
The Gestapo or Secret Service as we know them in the US was transferred to the SS and the SS began to emerge into it's final form.
1936-1939 Himler was named chief of Police. They were organized into criminal police, security police and security service.
The SS was then classified in three groups, Algemeinne, Waffen and Germanic.
Main article: Allgemeine-SS
The Allgemeine-SS (the "General SS") refers to a non-combat branch of the SS. The Allgemeine-SS formations were divided into Standarten, organized
into larger formations known as Abschnitte and Oberabschnitte. Many personnel served in other branches of the state government, Nazi Party, and
certain departments within the RSHA (e.g., the SD, Gestapo and Kripo). Members of the Allgemeine-SS were considered more or less reservists with many
serving the German military, or the Waffen-SS. For those who served in the Waffen-SS, it was a standard practice to hold separate SS ranks for both
the Allgemeine-SS and the Waffen-SS.
The Waffen-SS were frontline combat troops trained to fight in Germany's battles during World War II. During the early campaigns against Austria,
Czechoslovakia and Poland, military SS units were of regiment size and drawn from existing armed SS formations:
The Leibstandarte, Hitler's personal bodyguard.
The Death's-Head Battalions (German: Totenkopfverbände), which administered the concentration camps.
The Dispositional Troops, (German: Verfügungstruppe).
Main article: Germanic-SS
The Germanic-SS was an SS-modeled structure formed in occupied territories and allied countries. The main purpose of the Germanic-SS was enforcement
of Nazi racial doctrine and anti-semitic policies. Denmark and Belgium were the two largest participants in the Germanic-SS program. Germanic-SS
members wore the all-black SS uniforms favored by the pre-war German SS. After the war began, Himmler ordered the uniforms to be turned in and many
were then sent west to be used by Germanic-SS units such as the ones in Holland and Denmark. These groups had their own uniforms with a
modification of SS rank titles and insignia. All Germanic-SS units answered to the SS headquarters in Germany.
Last but not least their was the Auxillary SS. Many of these were put in place as the war effort began to deteriorate. Many of these members were
charged with war crimes as others escaped charges.
The Auxiliary-SS (SS mannschaft) was an organization that arose in 1945 as a last-ditch effort to keep concentration camps running. Auxiliary-SS
members were not considered regular SS personnel, but were conscripted members from other branches of the German military, the Nazi Party, and the
Volkssturm. Such personnel wore a distinctive twin swastika collar patch and served as camp guard and administrative personnel until the surrender of
Auxiliary SS members had the distinct disadvantage of being the "last ones in the camp" as the major concentration camps were liberated by allied
forces. As a result, many auxiliary SS members, in particular those captured by Russian forces, faced swift and fierce retaliation and were often held
personally responsible for the carnage of the camps to which some had only been assigned for a few weeks or even days.
There also exist very few records of the Auxiliary SS since, at the time of this group's creation, it was a foregone conclusion that Germany had lost
the Second World War and the entire purpose of the Auxiliary SS was to serve in support roles while members of the SS proper escaped from allied
forces. Thus, there was never a serious effort to properly train, equip, or maintain records on the Auxiliary SS.
Anyhow the SS started out preaching peace and security and then became a death machine killing millions.
Now I am no fortune teller and I can not see the future, but I can look to the past and I can tell you that those who do not learn from history are
doomed to repeat it.
Homeland Security was started in 2002 in response to the 9/11 attacks of 2001. It includes now, the US National Guard, FEMA, US Coast Guard, US
Customs and Border Patrol, Immigration and Customs enforcement, US Citizens and Immigration Services, US Secret Service and TSA.
The George W. Bush administration consolidated many of these activities under the United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS), a new
cabinet department established as a result of the Homeland Security Act of 2002. However, much of the nation's homeland security activity remains
outside of DHS; for example, the FBI and CIA are not part of the Department, and other executive departments such as the Department of Defense and
Department of Health and Human Services play a significant role in certain aspects of homeland security. Homeland security is coordinated at the White
House by the Homeland Security Council, currently headed by John Brennan.
According to the U.S. Office of Management and Budget and Homeland Security Research Corporation, DHS Homeland security funding constitutes
only 20-21% of the consolidated U.S. Homeland Security - Homeland Defense funding, while approximately 40% of the DHS budget funds civil,
non-security activities, such as the U.S. coast guard search and rescue operations and customs functions. The U.S. Homeland Security is the world
largest Homeland counter terror organization, having 40% of the global FY 2010 homeland security funding.