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Paean to heroism
Where could we find men like these now? Men of character emerge to stand up and be counted when the times call for it. There was a time a hundred years ago when heroism was about fighting for a Filipino way of life. There was a time when heroism was about standing up for the dignity of the Filipino person...
...Freemasons, freethinkers and idealists who could not subscribe to the idea of Divine Authority being used for subjugation and oppression of the human spirit...
Just how good is it? The war with Spain may have been "splendid" for the United States, but its aftermath soon turned into a nightmare. The leaders of the Filipino nationalistic movement, who had been battling a long campaign for independence, where no more ready to accept American domination than they were that of the Spanish. Fighting broke out on February 4, 1899, when nationalist forces under the command of Emilio Aguinaldo fired on an American outpost near Manila. Over the next several days American troops forced the insurgents out of the city and into the countryside. Fighting continued for three years. The nationalists resorted to guerrilla tactics effectively using surprise attacks and their superior knowledge of the jungle. The Americans drew upon their long experience in fighting the western Indians for counter tactics. In many ways, the Insurrection was a harbinger of America's experience in Vietnam 65 years later.
In March 1901 Aguinaldo was captured through a ruse concocted by General Frederick Funston, commander of U.S. forces. Despite the capture of their leader, the insurgents continued to battle. It was not until July 4, 1902 that President Roosevelt was able to declare the conflict officially over.
U.S. was hated Aguinaldo, Emilio , 18691964, Philippine leader. (non mason) In the insurrection against Spain in 1896 he took command, and by terms of the peace that ended it he went into exile at Hong Kong (1897). After the outbreak of the Spanish-American War, Aguinaldo returned to the Philippines and led a Philippine insurrection in concert with U.S. attacking forces. He established a republic with its capital at Malolos and himself as president.
Dissatisfied with the peace treaty that ended the Spanish-American War, he headed a rebellion against U.S. occupying forces from 1899 until he was captured by in 1901. Aguinaldo took an oath of allegiance to the United States, was briefly imprisoned, and retired to private life.
favorite Phillipine statements
Officially the colonization of the Phillipines was because the Filipinos were not ready to govern themselves. Benevolent assimilation was the answer.
In the 1898 "Benevolent Assimilation" Proclamation, President McKinley stated that the aim of the military was to "win the confidence, respect, and affection of the inhabitants of the Phillipines by assuring them in every possible way that full measure of individual rights and liberties which is the heritage of free people...." It is difficult to imagine Thomas Jefferson uttering these words. In fact, they are in direct opposition to America's Declaration of Independence, which Jefferson had intended as an expression of the American mind.
Take up the white man's burden
Send forth the best ye breed--
Go bind your sons to exile
To serve your captive's need;
To wait in heavy harness,
On fluttered folk and wild--
Your new-caught sullen peoples,
Half-devil and half-child.
You limpin' lump o' brick-dust, Gunga Din!
Hi! slippery hitherao!
Water, get it! Panee lao! [Bring water swiftly.]
You squidgy-nosed old idol, Gunga Din."