posted on Oct, 25 2011 @ 05:56 PM
With October 28th just a few days away I figured now would be a good time to look extensively at the claims of Carl Johan Calleman. For many of you
some of this information may seem familiar as I and others have stated it on multiple occasions. However, I have decided to bring all of this
information together in one cohesive thread. I am also hoping to go more in depth with some of the information I have presented in the past.
Who Is Carl Calleman?
From the number of books he has written and the number of lectures he has given on the Maya one might assume that Calleman is an archaeologist or
anthropologist, but this is far from the truth. Calleman was born on May 15, 1950. Over his years of education Calleman began taking an interest in
biology, more specifically toxicology. This lead him to attend the University of Stockholm's PhD program in toxicology, which he ended up graduating
It was during his time as a graduate student that Calleman first took an interest in the Mayan calendar. During a trip to Guatemala in 1979 was
introduced to the Mayan Long Count and began studying it, specifically Michael Coe's interpretation of it. Despite his interest in the calendar it
would be a while before Calleman would put his ideas down on paper.
In 1986 was employed by the Department of Environmental Health in Seattle. Due to his work in this post Calleman was then picked up by the World
Health Organization as a cancer expert. Then in 1993 Calleman returned to Sweden and gave up his life as a toxicologist to focus entirely on the Mayan
calendar. In 1994 he published his first book on the topic, Mayahypotesen which was only made available in Sweden. The rest of the world would
have to wait until 2001 to get their first glimpse at Calleman's ideas with The Mayan Calendar (Calleman, 2006)
Summary of Ideas
So now that we know who Calleman is we can begin to look at the ideas that he has presented and what sets him apart from other “researchers.” One
of the most apparent claims that distinguishes Calleman from other Mayanists is his belief that the Long Count does not end on December 21, 2012 (more
on this later). Calleman has also separated himself from many mainstream 2012 researchers by claiming that the Mayan calendar does not predict death
and destruction, but an evolution to a higher state of consciousness.
This is Calleman's theory at its very most basic, but it's actually a lot more complicated than it may seem at first glance. Based off of the
collection of Creation stories called the Popol Vuh Calleman deduced that the Maya broke time down into nine periods he refers to as Nine
Underworlds. Each Underworld is also broken down into 13 Heavens which are separated as seven days and six nights. Calleman claims that each
Underworld represents an important phase of Human, and to a lesser extent Universal, evolution. Calleman then employs the human consciousness version
of Moore's Law stating that each Underworld is 20x shorter than the one that preceded it. We are currently on the 7th Day of the 9th Underworld.
(Calleman, 2004 & Calleman, 2009)
In order to understand Calleman's calendar one must first understand the traditional Long Count. A typical Long Count is composed of baktuns, katuns,
tuns, winals, and k'ins. Depending on the monument this date will then be followed by a tzolkin date and a haab date. Under this setup the date for
the Mayan “end date” is 188.8.131.52.0 4 Ajaw 3 K'ank'in.
Calleman's calendar on the other hand incorporates nine different levels as opposed to five due to the nine Underworlds. His date for the end date is
also different from the date one normally sees. Calleman claims that due to the importance of this date it would correlate with an auspicious date,
specifically 184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.13 13 Ajaw. While this date looks different from the traditional date Calleman states that it could correlate to
December 21, 2012 if not for the fact that December 21st does not have a tzolkin date of 13 Ajaw. However, October 28, 2011 does have a tzolkin date
of 13 Ajaw.
Calleman's calendar has also gained some support from the calendar on Coba Stela 1. What sets Coba Stela 1 apart from most other Long Counts is the
fact that it places the date of Creation before 3114 BC. In fact Calleman states that it matches his calendar perfectly with both using hablatuns as
the longest unit of measurement. Using the date on Coba Stela 1 (16.4 billion years ago) and October 28, 2011 Calleman was able to fill in the blanks
in his calendar. After he had completed this Calleman realized that the dates when a new Underworld began correlated with crucial events in the
history of the Universe, Earth, and Humans.
Problems With The Calendar
At this point it might sound like Calleman may actually be on to something with his claims. Everything seems to fit in neatly and perfectly with his
theory. Of course that's not hard to do when facts are cherry-picked or simply created out of thin air. To start we will look at Calleman's
construction of his calendar before moving on to look at specific monuments that disprove his claims.
First is his claim that the Long Count is separated into nine different sections. What one usually sees when they look at a Long Count day is five
numbers separated by periods. These five numbers stand for baktuns, katuns, tuns, winals, and k'ins . So the way one usually sees December 21, 2012
written is 18.104.22.168.0. For some reason Calleman decides to forgo this version of the Long Count in preference for one that has no archaeological
Of course Calleman does present a reason for using this nine tiered calendar. It all goes back to his claim that time is broken down into nine
Underworlds that get exponentially shorter. As I also mentioned earlier this belief originates in the Popol Vuh which depicts Maya cosmology as
a multi-tiered structure with the Underworld consisting of nine levels and Heaven consisting of 13 levels. There's one major problem with this
though; it's not true. We can trace this claim back to the Mayan scholar Eric Thompson. In 1970 Thompson published the book Maya History and
Religion in which he describes Mayan cosmology as hierarchical with 13 levels in the sky and nine below the Earth (Thompson, 1990). This claim was
recently refuted by Nielsen and Reunert. In their paper not only did they find no references to a multi-tiered cosmology in any pre-Columbian
writings, but even the Popol Vuh seems to depict everything on one level. Instead the belief in a multi-tiered universe seems to be an Aztec
one, specifically the Nahuas Aztecs (Nielsen & Reunert, 2009).