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In August, the Air Force, NASA and scientists from Purdue and Pennsylvania State, or Penn State, universities launched a 3-meter rocket 400 meters into the air during an initial test flight of the propellant ALICE — so named for its ingredients, aluminum and ice.
But previous attempts to make aluminum and water fuels foundered on the size of the aluminum particles that were used, Birkan said.
Nanotech educational video features Air Force scientists' new fuel from aluminum nanoparticles
A micrometer is one millionth of a meter. A nanometer is one billionth of a meter. (One thousand times smaller! It’s difficult to fathom, but in comparison, a human hair’s diameter is 800,000 nanometers). While the larger sized micronized particles appear to be both safe and effective, many questions still linger about the safety of nanoparticles. Preliminary studies seem reassuring, but only a few have been done and none have been done under real life conditions or even on the actual commercial formulations being used (because manufacturers won’t reveal their recipes).
Adding Al nanoparticles to solid (rocket fuel) propellant improves combustion speed and stability and substantially increases combustion heat.
The downward trend in jet fuel consumption is due to AMR’s fuel conservation and efficiency efforts as well as an overall decrease in capacity as AMR exercised capacity discipline during the past few years of weak demand within the airline industry.
This is a win-win situation all around because airlines have been struggling with weak demand and this would be another cost saving measure.
It's a cake, a clay like solid..... of aluminum nano particles and ice......
..... and has applications for jet fuel, even diesel fuel, fuel for trains and also heavy equipment.
Aluminium is a soft, durable, lightweight, ductile and malleable metal with appearance ranging from silvery to dull gray, depending on the surface roughness. Aluminium is nonmagnetic and does not easily ignite. A fresh film of aluminium film serves as a good reflector (approximately 92%) of visible light and an excellent reflector (as much as 98%) of medium and far infrared radiation.
Originally posted by whatsinaname
reply to post by GringoViejo
don't get sarky, since im being actively hacked right now its not the time. if you want to argue semantics, soil is mostly iron alumina silicate. we're talking purposely putting alumunium nano particles in the sky.
Originally posted by SquirrelNutz
This time in English!
reply to post by ProudBird
Nanoparticle, irregular/ air atomized, spherical/ gas atomized, granule, flake, shot, needle and crystal
ScienceDaily (July 27, 2009) — Oxford scientists have created a transparent form of aluminium by bombarding the metal with the world’s most powerful soft X-ray laser.
Originally posted by ProudBird
Originally posted by DaRAGE
....a definate chemtrail
From one link in OP:
Name: Aluminum nanoparticles
Appearance: Black powder
BLACK powder. Al nanoparticles Black.
Contrails? White. WHITE.
Originally posted by ProudBird
That is a contrail.....one portion in shadow. You cannot see the clouds casting the shadow, they are cropped out of the photo.