For those unaware, the Sumerians were the first civilization in history. The basis of our society was given by them. Emun Elish, perhaps the first book in the world, was discovered by Austen Henry Layard in 1849 (in fragmentary form) in the ruined library of Ashurbanipal at Nineveh (Mosul, Iraq), and published by George Smith in 1876.The Enuma Elis has about one thousand lines written in Old Babylonian on seven clay tablets, each about 115 to 170 lines of text. Most of Tablet V has never been recovered, but this gap except the text is almost complete. A duplicate copy of the tablet was found in V Sultantepe, Huzirina old, located near the modern city? Abnormal? Urfa in Turkey. The only "problem" is the translation of the Sumerian writing, which is not always possible, leaving gaps in some texts
This epic is one of the most important sources for understanding the Babylonian worldview, centered on the supremacy of Marduk and the creation of humanity to the service of the gods. Its main original purpose, however, is not an exposition of theology or theogony, but the elevation of Marduk, the chief god of Babylon, above other gods of Mesopotamia
The Enuma Elis have multiple copies in Babylon and Assyria. The version of the library of Assurbanipal date of the 7th century BC The composition of the text, probably dating from the Bronze Age, in the days of Hammurabi, or perhaps the beginning of the Age Kassite (about 18 to 16 centuries BC), although some scholars favor a later date to ca. 1100 BC
What impresses most in this book is a description of apparatus, described by the author as "object of the gods" that more resembled our current aircraft. Not to mention, of course, that much of the sacred books which we know seem to have been plagiarized the Sumerian writings, among them the Bible and its Genesis, which is extremely similar to emun Elish. Several similirar between the creation story in the Enuma Elish and the creation story in Genesis. The Genesis describes six days of creation, followed by a rest day, while the Enuma Elish describes the creation of six gods and one day of rest. In both creation is made in the same order, starting and ending at the Light Man. The goddess Tiamat is comparable to the ocean in Genesis, and the Hebrew word for ocean has the same etymological root as Tiamat. These similarities have led many scholars have come to the conclusion that either both reports share the same origin, or one of them is a transformed version of another.
They were the last years of the 6th century BC when a traveler came through the gates of Rome and asked for an audience with Tarquin, ruler of the city. The alien had nine books containing "divine revelations". He asked for 300 gold pieces for the lot, probably written on palm leaves or papyrus scrolls have not had the time. Tarquin refused. Irritated, the unknown burned three and offered the remaining books for the same price. Proposal denied, she destroyed three other works and repeated requested. Impressed, Tarquin consulted with his priests and bought the books survivors. Then the volumes in a closed underground crypt beneath the Temple of Jupiter Capitolinus - The most important city. This story was narrated by many ancient historians. Lactantius, who lived in the 3rd century AD, said that the unknown was the Sibyl of Cumae, a priestess of Apollo, who had the gift of clairvoyance. His books were full of prophecies. Today, it is known that most of history is merely a legend. What does not solve the mystery. For example, there was in fact a collection of works in mysterious depths of the Temple of Jupiter. Libri Fatales was known as the "Books of Destiny," or Libri Sibillini, the "Books of the Sibyl." Written in Greek, the volumes could only be handled by priests known as quindecemviri, or "the fifteen men," and at the express command of the Senate. Reveal its contents yielded the death penalty. The books were consulted whenever a calamity approaching. Interpreting the verses, the priests found the solution to the problem and prescribed the construction of temples, human sacrifices or prayers. The enigmatic collection was destroyed in 83 BC, when the Temple of Jupiter burst into flames. Its contents, there were only a few verses. The origin of the Libri puzzles historians to this day. For the French Raymond Bloch, the works were written by the Etruscans - the people who inhabited Italy before Rome was founded - and translated into Greek. Some opine that it was all a hoax. "The books may have been forged by the Tarquins, the prophecies that he would use to justify their decisions," wrote the Spanish in Salamanca Shell Dictionary Clásico del Mundo. The history of the Libri did not end with the burning of the temple. By the fourth century, writers have forged copies of the collection to bolster Christianity: the verses brought predictions, "written centuries before the birth of Jesus," who talked about the coming Messiah. The hoaxes circulating around Europe for centuries and have been gathered into one volume by the editor Gallaeus Servatius, The Netherlands. This em1689.
The books printed in the 15th century are known as incunabula - the incunabulum, in Latin, "cradle" or "beginning." Rare, fragile and beautiful, are the object of desire for any bibliophile. In December 1499, reached the shelves of Venice one of the strangest and most controversial incunabula. The work is biography as intriguing as the title of the cover: Hypnerotomachia Poliphili, which a rough translation from Greek means "The Fight of Poliphili Loving a Dream." The author is unknown - only the publisher is known: Aldus Manutius, the first professional printer in Italy. The Hypnerotomachia has a feature famously the magnificent illustrations in lithography. "The book represents a revolution in the history of typography. It is a work of art, "says the businessman and bibliophile José Mindlin, one of the few South Americans who have a copy on the shelf. But what made even the fame of the book is the fact that one of the most complicated of all time. Written in a mixture of Latin, Italian, Greek, Hebrew, Arabic and imitations of Egyptian hieroglyphics, the narrative blends bloody nightmares, daydreams and erotic intricate adventures, interspersed with comments about literature, art and music. The plot is a labyrinth: in a dream, Poliphili off in search of his beloved, Pulley, going through forests, ruins and cities bizarre. In this scenario delusional encounters with gods, nymphs and dragons. A text of the 16th century suggested that the narrative obscure and cryptic illustrations were part of an alchemical code. In bestseller The Riddle of the Four, published in Brazil in 2005, the authors try to find hidden meanings in the word games of the book. About the mysterious identity of the author, there are only clues. For example, a line, the initial letters of each of the 38 chapters form the phrase "polyamides Frater Franciscus Colonna Peramavit" - in Latin, "Brother Francis Pulley Colona loved madly." It is known that at the time there were two Franciscos Colonna, a Roman aristocrat and a Dominican monk - this, the biggest suspect. According to the annals Dominicans, in 1500 he applied for a loan to assist in the publication of a book. In the 1990s, the French scholar Liane Lefaivre suggested new hypothesis: the author was Leon Battista Alberti, a kind of multimedia artist of the Renaissance, who was a painter, musician, architect, philosopher, poet and linguist. With a resume that caliber, Alberti might well have written the book more complicated Western literature.
The aura of mystery that surrounds the Libri Fatales or Consurgens Aurora is powered by anonymity. As for the Opera Omnia Paracelsus ("Complete Works of Paracelsus") entered the pantheon of puzzles for the opposite reason: the legends and controversies surrounding the figure of its author. The Swiss Theophrastus philipus Aureolus Bombastus, better known as Paracelsus, is an author of the strangest in history. He was a doctor, a chemist and astrologer; short, stunted and a drunkard. He traveled with a small bundle of clothing by France, Sweden, Russia. Some say he went to China, who has studied the secrets of the sages of Constantinople. Paracelsus made his name transcribing his experiences. For him, the universe had demons, spirits and witches. Magic and science are crossed. And the world kept a secret doctrine passed to each generation by Persian magi, the Egyptian priests and medieval alchemists, who taught the turn base metals, predict the future and treat incurable diseases. The enemies shouted, but could not resolve the contradiction: it seemed inexplicable that the mad science of Paracelsus worked so well - he could cure more people than his critics. Most of his writings in the collection was assembled Omnia Opera, published in the 16th century. Since then, his fame ranges from the mad visionary. "He is a controversial figure at the boundary between science and obscurantism," says Jorge de Carvalho, an anthropologist at the National University of Brasilia. This combination of modern scientist and medieval witch is still a puzzle - and the pages of his treatises are just as intriguing and disturbing as five centuries ago.
The original, but now lost, six sacred books of Manichaeism were composed in Syriac Aramaic, and translated into other languages to help spread the religion. As they spread to the east, the Manichaean writings passed through Middle Persian, Parthian, Sogdian, Tocharian and ultimately Uyghur and Chinese translations. As they spread to the west, they were translated into Greek, Coptic, and Latin.
The story of how this book was written is somewhat confusing and depicts the madness of a nun or perhaps a fact unknown to all (including, Donnie Darko, a cult movie title, was inspired by this book). The preface, dated October 1944, is used as thanks to six nuns of Saint John, Alexandria - Virginia, who gave their support by Roberta Sparrow in the decision to write the book. Aware that he wrote the work could not be just a work of fiction, Roberta Sparrow's book asks the recipient in the case of living the experience described by it, the look, if she is still alive. This passage is clearly marked in the movie Donnie Darko, where "Grandma Death" several times to check your mailbox, hoping for life to have received a letter confirming that your text is non-fiction, before it is too late. Donnie ends up writing you the desired letter, being the same in its entirety below: "Dear Roberta Sparrow,
I approached them in his book and there are so many things I need to ask you. Sometimes I fear what I can tell. Sometimes I am afraid to tell me that this is not a work of fiction. I can only hope that the answers come in my sleep. I hope when the world ends, I can breathe easily, because there is much reason to wait ... " The book's preface says: "The purpose of this booklet is to be used as a simple and direct guide in a time of great danger. I pray that this is simply a work of fiction. If not, then I pray for you, the reader of this book. If I am still alive when the events foretold in these pages occur, so I hope you find me before it's too late. " Below is a summary of what is described in the book:
CHAPTER I: Tangent Universe Primary Universe is biased to the great chaos. war, plague, famine and natural disasters are common. Death comes to all. the Fourth Dimension of Time is a stable construction, but not impenetrable. Incidents when the fabric of the fourth dimension becomes corrupted are incredibly rare. a Tangent Universe occurs, it is highly unstable, is holding no more than a few weeks. will eventually collide with itself, forming a black hole next to the Primary Universe capable of destroying all existence. CHAPTER II: WATER AND METAL water and metal are the elements of time travel. Water is the barrier element for the construction of temporary port used as gateways between Universes at the Tangent Vortex. Metal is the transitional element for the construction of artifacts. CHAPTER IV: THE LIVING AND ARTIFACTS When a Tangent Universe occurs, those living around the Vortex will find themselves at the epicenter of a dangerous new world. Artifacts provide first sign that a Tangent Universe has occurred. is an Artifact occurs, the Living will welcome you with great interest and curiosity. Artifacts are made of metal, as well as the arrow of the ancient Mayan civilizations, or metal as the sword of the Middle Ages. Artifacts returned to the Primary Universe are often linked to religious iconography, since his appearance on earth defies logic and reason. Divine intervention is treated as the only logical conclusion for the appearance of artifacts. CHAPTER VI: LIVING RECEIVERS Living Recipients are chosen to guide the Artifact into position for the return journey back to the Primary Universe. do not know how or why the Receiver will be chosen. The Living Receiver is blessed with four-dimensional powers. These include super strength, telekinesis, mind control, and the ability to conjure fire and water. The Living Receiver is constantly tormented by terrifying dreams, visions and hallucinations, and during his time in the Tangent Universe. those that we surround the Living Receiver, known as the Manipulated, will fear him and will try to destroy it. CHAPTER VII: The handles LIVE the Manipulated Living are often close friends and neighbors of the Living Receiver. are exposed to the irrational, the bizarre and violent behavior. this is the unfortunate result of their task, which is to assist the Living Receiver to send the Artifact back to the Primary Universe. the Manipulated Living will do anything to save himself from oblivion. CHAPTER X: The handles DEAD the Manipulated Dead are more powerful than the Living Receiver. If a person dies during his time in the Tangent Universe, that will be able to contact the receiver through the four-dimensional construction. The four-dimensional construction is made of water. The Manipulated Dead will manipulate the Living Receiver using the four-dimensional construction (see Appendix A and Appendix B). The Manipulated Dead will set a trap for Security Receiver, to be sure that the Artifact back safely to the Primary Universe
What is most frightening is the fact that book it is written in 1944 by a nun who spent part of his life in a cloistered convent and yet the concepts included in the book will only be addressed as a target of study 44 years later, in the book Stephen Hawking, a Brief History of Time. This observation begs the question: How could the writer have addressed these concepts if they do, although there so early in the season, were reserved for Theoretical Physics through notes and documents. There was no internet, no books, nothing by which she could contact other than the physicists themselves to engender this crazy story.
The Urantia Book is a literary work, composed of 197 documents originally written in English, recently translated into more languages and serves as the ideological basis of some religious and philosophical movements.
In its pages, the book states have been compiled by a body of superhuman beings from various orders, the text provides an amazing view of the origins, history and human destiny, and is devoted themselves to their readers a new revelation to mankind. The identity of the perpetrators of the book is unknown and has never been claimed, for this reason there are many theories about its authenticity, and publishing. The book itself says that is so that no human can be proclaimed "prophet" or admired in any way by such literary work.
part I There are 31 chapters that describe the nature of ultimate reality, cosmological and astronomical organization in the universe. The Paradise Trinity along with the Isle of Paradise - the material and gravitational center of the universe - described as the source of all energy, matter, life and personality. A world of organized hierarchy, evolving as a process on the Paradise Trinity. The whole of creation is described as including millions of inhabited planets at all stages of biological evolution, intellectual, social and spiritual.
Part IV The 77 chapters over 700 pages, which occupy one third of the book, tells the life of Jesus Christ from his childhood. Give 16 times more information on the life and teachings of Jesus than the Bible. It is the story about Jesus more spiritual writing today. The first three chapters provide an introduction to literary depth, and the climax is reached Urantia Book that last part with precepts, and examples of life of the Master. This part of the book is seen as a new revelation, a new face in a manner described in terms of a God made man, who in an example of Love, Faith and Charity, without dogmas, shows mankind the path of individual evolution, the path to God. About the mysterious source of the book The Urantia Book consists of 197 documents, which are said to have been delivered between 1928 and 1934 to a group of 70 people in Chicago, Illinois. The authors who wrote those documents have their names listed in the book, along with their respective writings. The human beings to whom the writings were allegedly handed out already died and the manner in which the writings were written has not yet been fully explained, by the adherents of the doctrine, and hardly will be. Revelations in the books described There is an explanation within its own pages about its origin and how it was delivered to humans these documents, which constitute the Fifth Urantia Revelation. It is said that were authorized by high authorities of Deity and written by numerous personalities supra-mortal. It's called "The Fifth Epochal Revelation" because there were four other great revelations on the planet. They are: Dalamatia - The book describes in detail the arrival and establishment of a Planetary Prince on Urantia. At this time the city was founded model - Dalamatia - and their schools began to show the world the truth about the Universal Father - one God. It organized the first revelation of the truth, there are about 500,000 years ago. Adam and Eve - Adam and Eve came to our world for nearly 38,000 years, and settled in the Garden of Eden. The teachings of Adam Eve is the second revelation of the Universal Father to the human races. Melchizedek - Machiventa a Son of the Order of Melchizedek, commonly known as emergency sons, who accepted the mission to come to this world because the truth was revealed once threatened with extinction. Machiventa was bestowed upon that world in the year 1973 BC during the time of Abraham, where he was a wise man named Melchizedek of Salem. He was reborn in the human mind the concept of One God the Father, Creator and Sustainer of all things. Jesus of Nazareth - The Creator Son of our local universe, was born in Bethlehem in 7 BC. He lived as a model for us all, giving the example of life, until its time to reveal to the world the great truth that we are all children of one Father, without distinction of race, color, creed, social or physical condition. This was the fourth revelation of truth in our world.
Part III This history of Urantia, the planet earth, there is a billion years reached its present size in a local universe called Nebadon. There are 63 chapters that comprise the history of geological development, life settlement, setting the stage for human history, civilizations, governments and institutions. This piece also discussed the concept of Trinity. The development of civilization, culture, government, religion, family and other social institutions is described from the point of view of observers superhuman. The story is told in such a way that religious archetypes underlying the human civilization gain new life, strengthening the foundation on which greater cultural development can occur. A description of human destiny, including a description of the world we inhabit immediately after death.
part II There are 25 chapters that comment about our Local Universe. It tells of the history of matter, energy, constellations, Ministering Spirits of the local universe, of the Seraphic Hosts, the rebellion of Lucifer, the problems of rebellion, the spheres of light and life and growth of man achieved through their loyalty to God and selfless service to our fellows. The divine plan for creation, development and administration of the local universes.
The Codex Gigas (Latin, meaning Giant Book) is the largest medieval manuscript in the world. It was created at the beginning of the thirteenth century, presumably in the Benedictine monastery of Podlažice in Bohemia (now Czech Republic), and is now preserved in the National Library of Sweden in Stockholm. It is also known as the Devil's Bible due to a big picture of the devil inside and the legend surrounding its creation
A note on the first page indicates the monks of the Benedictine monastery of Podlažice, located near Chrudim and destroyed during the fifteenth century, as the first owners of the codex. The small size of this monastery and the apparent lack of human and material resources does raise doubts about their ability to produce a work of this size.
The records contained therein in the year ending 1229. The absence of any reference to the death of the king of Bohemia, Ottokar I, held in December of next year, suggests that the most likely date for completion is the end of 1229 or early 1230.
Despite this legend the codex was not forbidden by the Inquisition and was analyzed by many scholars throughout the ages. The Codex includes the entire Latin Vulgate version of the Bible, except for the books of Acts and Revelation, from a pre-Vulgate version. Also included are the encyclopedia "Etymologiae" of Isidore of Seville, "Antiquities" and "Wars of the Jews" of Josephus, "Chronica Boemorum" (Chronicle of Bohemians) of Cosmas of Prague and several treatises on medicine. Small text complete the manuscript, alphabets, prayers, exorcisms, a calendar with the dates of celebration of holy places and registration of relevant events, and a list of names, possibly from benefactors and monks of the monastery of Podlažice. The entire document is written in Latin.
At the end of the Thirty Years War in 1648, the entire collection was looted by the Swedish army, and from 1649 to 2007, the manuscript was kept in the National Library of Sweden. On September 24, 2007, after 359 years, the Codex Gigas returned to Prague on loan, and was exposed in the Czech National Library by January 2008. According to legend the scribe was a monk who broke his monastic vows and was sentenced to be walled up alive. To avoid this severe punishment, he promised to create in a single night, a book that would glorify the monastery forever and that would include all human knowledge. Near midnight, he was sure he could not complete this task alone and, therefore, made a special prayer, not addressed to God, but the cherub banished Satan, asking him to help him finish the book in exchange of his soul. The monk sold, so his soul to the devil. The devil completed the manuscript and the monk was added an image of the devil as thanks for your help.
Due to financial difficulties of the monastery of Podlažice, the codex was later pledged to the Cistercian monastery of Sedlec. The same note on the first page states that in 1295 the codex came to the possession of the Benedictines, after being bought by monastery of B? Evnov. From 1477 to 1593, was preserved in the library of a monastery in Broumov until it was brought to Prague in 1594 to join the collection of Rudolph II.
This is based on the fact that the so-called "Grand Grimoire" exists, and it does. It is a book, also called "The Red Dragon" and "The Gospel of Satan." The book is real, because the Roman Catholic Church officially claim ownership of it, but never let it go public. It is a fact that was discovered in Jerusalem in 1750, the tomb of Solomon, written in Hebrew or Aramaic Bible. The manuscript was not dated for a while before this, or else the Church has not said, but the book itself is inscribed with the date 1522 AD. Theorists claim that it was copied from a manuscript written in 1200 AD or earlier. The first known proof that the writings of Honorius of Thebes, whose existence was not proven, undeniably. He may have been Pope Honorius III (1148-1227). It is believed that Honorius of Thebes may have written something now referred to as the "Sworn Book of Honorius," from which the great Grimoire was derived, or that is in fact the Grand Grimoire itself. The theory states that Honorius was either Satan himself, or possessed by Satan in order to write the book. It contains instructions on the convening of Satan, anytime, anywhere on Earth for several insidious intentions. The word "grimoire" denotes a book of magic. Any kind of magic, good or bad. A lot of so-called copies are in circulation worldwide, but none of them contains the actual words of real Grimoire. It is very popular in Haiti's voodoo culture, and professionals do not want to use the book all the time, as a book of recipes for spells and charms. Theoretical says the Grimoire supernatural itself is great as it resists burning permanently, can not be cut, drilled, pierced, torn or otherwise damaged or destroyed. It is the only book with the knowledge of how to invoke Satan (all others are fakes that do not work), with a ritual must be performed, and in addition, he can summon any number of demons called (Pazuzu). Being written by Satan, details evidence of various supernatural miracles of the Bible, the precise location of biblical relics, and also contains personal sketches of the faces of Satan, Judas Iscariot and Jesus Christ. Because it is in possession of the Catholic Church continues to affirm the theory that each human being begins a Pope, and then becomes possessed by Satan since he is elected. The 1989 movie "Warlock" starring Julian Sands as the Antichrist prospective uses the Grimoire as main plot, and goes further, saying the Grimoire contains the secret name of God, which, when pronounced backwards, will annihilate the Universe. This fact stopped the film and moved to the front at the climax to read the secret name. I think we just could not get any better? Well, this last quality of the Grimoire was probably invented by David Twohy, who wrote the story for the film. But the conspiracy theorists have advocated since, claiming everything in this report is based on verifiable facts, and that these facts are in the Grand Grimoire. So where's the Grimoire? You guessed it in the Vatican Secret Archives.
Three Books of Occult Philosophy were written by the famous German magician, astrologer and alchemist Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa. The books dealt terms Elemental, Celestial and Intellectual magic. These three types of magic are divided into many different disciplines that include the four elements, astrology, Kabbalhaism, numerology, angelology, clairvoyance and alchemy. The three books were landmarks in the discussion of magic in terms of academics and intellectuals. They also contain a lot of pagan magic and Neoplatonic. It is also a source of great curiosity, since it provides references and extracts on the magic of obscure works and / or lost from famous historical figures such as Pythagoras, Ptolemy, Plato and Aristotle. Even by modern standards, they are considered the authoritative texts on magic by occultists.
The Handbook of Munich / Munich The Manual Handbook / Munich Necromantic of Demonic Magic / (15th century) Manual of the necromancer The Munich Manual is a grimoire unusual in that it focuses on demonic magic and necromancy. It is almost completely about angels and rituals to summon them. Interestingly, it is considered by experts to have been written by none other than a member of the clergy. Many of their spells include the sacrifice of folk and mythological creatures and animals. For example, a spell to create an imaginary feast involves the sacrifice of a hoopoe (a colorful bird found across Afro-Eurasia). The book is also important beyond its magical content. It is a window into how the clergy and Christians have learned to see and do magic during the Middle Ages.