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The giant bill, known as the Safe Streets and Communities Act, is made of up nine bills the Conservatives were unable to pass due to opposition in the last session of parliament.
* The Protecting Children from Sexual Predators Act (former Bill C-54), which proposes increased penalties for sexual offences against children, as well as creates two new offences aimed at conduct that could facilitate or enable the commission of a sexual offence against a child;
* The Penalties for Organized Drug Crime Act (former Bill S-10), which would target organized crime by imposing tougher sentences for the production and possession of illicit drugs for the purposes of trafficking;
* Sébastien's Law (Protecting the Public from Violent Young Offenders) (former Bill C-4), which would ensure that violent and repeat young offenders are held accountable for their actions and the protection of society is a paramount consideration in the treatment of young offenders by the justice system;
* The Ending House Arrest for Property and Other Serious Crimes by Serious and Violent Offenders Act (former Bill C-16), which would eliminate the use of conditional sentences, or house arrest, for serious and violent crimes;
* The Increasing Offender Accountability Act (former Bill C-39), which would enshrine a victim's right to participate in parole hearings and address inmate accountability, responsibility, and management under the Corrections and Conditional Release Act;
* The Eliminating Pardons for Serious Crimes Act (former Bill C-23B), which would extend the ineligibility periods for applications for a record suspension (currently called a "pardon") from three to five years for summary conviction offences and from five to ten years for indictable offences;
* The Keeping Canadians Safe (International Transfer of Offenders) Act (former Bill C-5), which would add additional criteria that the Minister of Public Safety could consider when deciding whether or not to allow the transfer of a Canadian offender back to Canada to serve their sentence;
* The Justice for Victims of Terrorism Act and related amendments to the State Immunity Act (former Bill S-7), which would allow victims of terrorism to sue perpetrators and supporters of terrorism, including listed foreign states, for loss or damage that occurred as a result of an act of terrorism committed anywhere in the world; and
* The Preventing the Trafficking, Abuse and Exploitation of Vulnerable Immigrants Act (former Bill C-56), which would authorize immigration officers to refuse work permits to vulnerable foreign nationals when it is determined that they are at risk of humiliating or degrading treatment, including sexual exploitation or human trafficking.
In July, Statistics Canada reported that crime rates in Canada have reached their lowest level since 1973, with homicide rates the lowest since 1966.
Comartin said, according to Justice Department statistics, just the drug section of the bill would "incarcerate between 3,000 and 5,000 more people in Canada by that one piece of legislation, which is only part of this bill."
Liberal Leader Bob Rae told the press the 110-page bill will "significantly increase the prison population at the rate of $108,000 per inmate per year."
The drug-related portion of the legislation, known as Bill S-10 in its last incarnation, includes mandatory minimum prison sentences for growing small amounts of marijuana and would increase maximum sentences for pot from seven to 14 years.
The so-called Safe Streets and Communities Act, unveiled Tuesday, would allow longer sentences for children as young as 14
Armed with a majority, the Harper government is setting out to refashion Canada’s justice system with a sweeping crime bill to toughen punishments for a range of offenders, from drug dealers to sexual predators to what Justice Minister Rob Nicholson calls “out-of-control young people.”
The bill allows the police access to private Internet records without a warrant or active investigation