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Simulating the Heart to Improve Cardiac Treatments

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posted on Sep, 8 2011 @ 10:27 AM
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In the United States, almost half a million people die every year because their hearts beat too fast or too slow--a disease called cardiac arrhythmia. Although researchers and doctors have taken great strides to understand the heart, cardiovascular disease is still the primary cause of death in the industrialized world.

Scientists have long developed cardiac therapies through experience-based experimentations--often through trial and error. Yet, a new way of studying the heart can perhaps provide new avenues to developing improved cardiac treatments.

Together with other researchers, Ellen Kuhl, professor at Stanford University, studies the heart through a simulation-based predictive method.


"By simulating the heart, we can better understand the complex pathways of cardiac disease. This can help us to improve current treatment strategies," Kuhl said.

Simulating the heart

Kuhl and her team built a computational model of a student's heart, simulating how a real heart works--a phenomenon where the flow of sodium and potassium controls the heart's electrical charge, which in turn, causes the heart to contract and pump blood all over the body.

This simulation-based predictive method combines the implementation of new advanced continuum theories, modern imaging modalities and computational techniques. The idea is that if researchers can simulate a heart, they can predict it, better understand it, and thus treat it more effectively.


"It would be a huge step forward if we could provide a true mechanistic understanding on how different interventions alter the interplay of physical fields that characterizes the dynamics of the heart," said Kuhl. "It would allow us to virtually probe all kinds of different treatment scenarios just by a mouse click."

Heart light

In order to create a computational model that simulates a live human's heart, the team used equations to establish a computational algorithm that can reliably predict the excitation-contraction patterns of a healthy heart. The electrocardiogram, a test that records heart electrical activity, of the real heart is identical to that predicted by the computational model.
Kuhl's success in simulating the heart, together with first prototype experiments by her collaborator, Oscar Abilez, have led to an innovative way to pace the heart: Using light.


"this would allow us to pace the heart with very high precision from a distance, unlike now, where pacing is done with electrical pacemakers that have to sit on a constantly moving heart muscle."

Stalling heart failure

This methodology can also improve yet another form of cardiac disease. Today, treatment for patients suffering from myocardial infarction, interruption of blood supply to the heart, is limited. The latter is caused by the local death of heart muscle cells making the heart incapable of contracting. Consequently, the patient is treated with stem cell therapy, which injects cells into the damaged tissue.
Unfortunately, the treatment is not always successful as it relies on the surgeon's individual ability and experience.

"The methods we use--predictive, quantitative, computational models--might change the way we design, improve and optimize medical treatment," said Kuhl. "There is a long way to go, and it is exciting to be a part of these developments."
Heart simulations present great insights to understanding the heart. In the future, with the advancement of computational techniques and other technologies, we might have a set of disease-specific algorithms that could be translated into effective forms of treatment. Perhaps a different approach of study is just what we needed.biomechanics.stanford.edu...www.livescience.com...www.nsf.gov...




posted on Sep, 8 2011 @ 10:36 AM
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Interesting article, I have a messed up heart rhythm. The thing is no matter what treatments they come up with, most people will be like me, can't afford their treatment and have no health insurance.



posted on Sep, 8 2011 @ 10:44 AM
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Interesting article - I have atrial
fibrilation. My heart medicine
seem to stop working last month
and I had a difficult month along
with chronic hypoglycemia. The
Dr increased my medication but
I still wake up with a fast heart
beat. I am glad to hear the
research is continuing in this
field.



posted on Sep, 8 2011 @ 11:21 AM
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reply to post by Char-Lee
 


Lets hope this can lead to a cheaper alternative in the treatment of rhythmic disorders



posted on Sep, 10 2011 @ 06:59 AM
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I was unsure if this goes along with your topic but speaking of the heart. My grandma, my dad, and now my uncle have had heart attacks when they turned 43. My uncle just turned 43 just over a week ago and had a heart attack last night. I didn't come up with any information regarding this kind of "anomaly" and this seemed like the spot to post. I apologize if it's not. I hope they know more by the time I'm 43 because I find it kind of scary considering the history.



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