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In the US, BTEX chemicals (benzene, tolulene, ethylbenzene and xylenes) have been used in fraccing fluids. But these chemicals are not used in Australian fraccing operations. Indeed Queensland and NSW have banned the use of BTEX chemicals in fraccing, and APPEA supports these bans.
In October 2010, traces of BTEX chemicals were found at an Arrow Energy fracking operation in Queensland. Arrow Energy confirmed that benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene had been found in well water associated with its coal-seam gas operation at Moranbah, west of Mackay17
In the next 10 or 20 years regional Queensland will see the number of wells rise from 4,000 to 30,000.
This means that over a 30-year project life, such a project could avoid nearly 1.1 billion tonnes of CO2, which is more than double Australia’s total annual greenhouse gas emissions. And each of Gladstone’s four projects is expected to export more than 10 million tonnes per year.
Australia has a lot of CSG: as much as 250 trillion cubic feet according to the CSIRO, which is enough to power a city of 1 million people for 5000 years.
Mining magnate Clive Palmer has launched a scathing attack on Australia's coal seam gas industry, saying the technology is unproven and could have a devastating environmental impact.
Speaking to the National Party's Federal Council in Canberra, Mr Palmer said a leading Chinese firm had raised issues with him about the Australian industry, saying extraction techniques they abandoned 20 years ago are still being used here.