reply to post by Gorman91
Adapa was a mortal from a godly lineage, a son of Ea (Enki in Sumerian), the god of wisdom and of the ancient city of Eridu, who brought the arts of
civilization to that city (from Dilmun, according to some versions). He broke the wings of Ninlil the South Wind, who had overturned his fishing boat,
and was called to account before Anu. Ea, his patron god, warned him to apologize humbly for his actions, but not to partake of food or drink while he
was in heaven, as it would be the food of death. Anu, impressed by Adapa's sincerity, offered instead the food of immortality, but Adapa heeded Ea's
advice, refused, and thus missed the chance for immortality that would have been his.
Keep in mind this story was during Kassite reign when the cult of the Giant Douche's(Enlil's)recovery. Marduk was the god of old
Babylonia(ammorites) son of EA where stories favorable of EA take place.
After six generations of Gods, in the Babylonian "Enuma Elish", in the seventh generation, (Akkadian "shapattu" or sabath), the younger Igigi
Gods, the sons and daughters of Enlil and Ninlil, go on strike and refuse their duties of keeping the creation working. Abzu God of fresh water,
co-creator of the cosmos, threatens to destroy the world with his waters, and the Gods gather in terror. Enki promises to help and confines Abzu in
irrigation canals and places him in the Kur, beneath his city of Eridu. But then, with the universe still threatened Tiamat, with the imprisonment of
her husand and consort, Abzu, and at the prompting of her son and vizier Kingu, decides to take back the creation herself. The Gods gather again in
terror, and turn to Enki for help, but Enki who harnessed Abzu, Tiamat's consort for irrigation refuses to get involved. The gods then seek help
elsewhere and the patriarchal Enlil, their father, God of Nippur, promises to solve the problem if they make him King of the Gods. In the Babylonian
tale, Enlil's role is taken by Marduk, Enki's son, and in the Assyrian version it is Asshur. After dispatching Tiamat with the "arrows of his
winds" down her throat (similar in some respects to how Elohim moves "his breath (ruach) over the "face of the deep" or "Tehom", in Genesis
1:2). Reconstructing the heavens with the arch of her ribs, Enlil places her tail in the sky as the Milky Way, and her crying eyes become the source
of the Tigris and Euphrates. But there is still the problem of "who will keep the cosmos working". Enki who might have otherwise come to their aid,
is lying in a deep sleep, and fails to hear their cries, His mother Nammu, (creatrix also of Abzu and Tiamat), "brings the tears of the gods" before
Enki and says
"Oh my son, arise from thy bed, from thy 9slumber), work what is wise,
"Fashion servants for the Gods, may they produce their (bread?).
Enki then advises that they create a servant of the Gods, humankind, out of clay and blood. This is similar to the creation of Adam in the Qu'ran
where it tells how humankind was made from clay and "a clot of (menstrual?) blood". Against Enki's wish the Gods decide to slay Kingu, and Enki
finally consents to use Kingu's blood to make the first human, with whom Enki always later has a close relationship, the first of the seven sages
seven wise men or "Abgallu" (*Ab = water, *Gal = great, *Lu = Man), also known as Adapa. Enki assembles a team of divinities to help him, creating a
host of "good and princely fashioners". He tells his mother
"Oh my mother, the creature whose name thou has uttered, it exists,
"Bind upon it the (will?) of the Gods;
"Mix the heart of clay that is over the Abyss,
"The good and princely fashioners will thicken the clay
"Thou, do thou bring the limbs into existence;
"Ninmah (the Earth-mother goddess (Ninhursag, his wife and consort) will work above thee
"(Nintu?) (goddess of birth) will stand by thy fashioning;
"Oh my mother, decree thou its (the new born's) fate.
Adapa, the first man fashioned, later goes and acts as the advisor to the King of Eridu, when in the Sumerian Kinglist, the "me" of "kingship
descends on Eridu".
Samuel Noah Kramer, believes that behind this myth of Enki's confinement of Abzu lies an older one of the struggle between Enki and the Dragon Kur
Villinization of Enki at it's best,