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If asked if my van can be searched, the answer is always, "No, officer, not without a warrant."
I keep it respectful at all times.
I too have been threatened with the drug dogs, I say go ahead, just show me the warrant first.
It's illegal for a cop to search somebody's car without proper permission
Even if the officer were to smell your weed and ask to search your residents, you may say no, and they have to leave.
Legally an officer is not allowed to look for trouble.
As Radley Balko noted this morning, a recent Chicago Tribune investigation found that drug-sniffing dogs used in traffic stops by Illinois police departments were wrong more often than they were right. In 56 percent of the cases where the dogs "alerted" to cars, police found no drugs or drug paraphernalia. The dogs' defenders say they may be detecting traces of drugs that used to be in the cars, but even they concede that is not the whole story. As detailed in the Tribune article, poor training of dogs and their handlers, coupled with cops' unconscious signals to the animals, seems to account for a large portion of these fruitless searches. "The dogs are only as good as the handlers," one expert tells the Tribune. A Republican state legislator (and former prosecutor) who wants to create certification standards for drug-detecting dogs calls them "probable cause with four legs."
Need I say more? No police offer will ever search my vehicle without first showing me a warrant signed by a Judge.
Probable Cause: Washington Supreme Court Rules Marijuana Smell in Vehicle Not Enough to Arrest All Occupants