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This isn’t the first time Paul has endorsed nullification, but doing so in a state where nullification movements led to Civil War makes it particularly noteworthy. And while he claims it was “embedded” in what the drafters of the Constitution “understood,” the actual text they wrote seems to read differently.
The Constitution states clearly that Acts of Congress “shall be the supreme law of the land…anything in the Constitution or laws of any State to the contrary notwithstanding” — meaning states do not reserve the right to void laws they don’t like.
Despite its blatant unconstitutionality and disturbing historical connotations, nullification has seen a resurgence in popularity among right-wing politicians who oppose laws ranging from health care reform to federal light bulb standards.
More Than Two-Thirds Of U.S. Corporations Pay No Federal Corporate Income Tax
According to a recent analysis of nearly 300 Fortune 500 companies by the Citizens for Tax Justice, the average company was paying just 18.3 percent in taxes -- a little more than half the official rate. And by using techniques like industry subsidies, stock option packages, and moving assets overseas where they can't be taxed, 30 companies mentioned in the report -- including Wells Fargo, Verizon, Boeing and General Electric -- didn't pay a cent in federal taxes in 2008, 2009 or 2010, the report found.
Everyone who met in Dewey Square this afternoon had one thing in common – whether they’re an activist with MassUniting, a member of Occupy Boston, or one of the police officers assigned to chaperone today’s protest. They all paid a lot more taxes than General Electric last year.
And so the group of roughly 100 pissed off people poured across Atlantic Avenue, and marched one block from Dewey to GE’s Boston offices on Summer Street. Their message was simple: “Pay your f---ing taxes!” They even brought an invoice for the company.
Power-Grid Cyber Attack Seen Leaving Millions in Dark for Months
By Brian Wingfield
Feb 1, 2012 12:00 AM ET
A blackout that swept parts of North America in August 2003, leaving 50 million people in the dark for as long as four days, provides a glimpse of the havoc a cyber attack could inflict on the nation’s power grid.
February 19 A grassroots movement in Portland, Oregon submits enough signatures to qualify a measure for an election to decide whether to begin the process of converting Enron subsidiary Portland General Electric (PGE) into a PUD.
March 17 Merrill Lynch, its four former executives and the SEC agree to settle the Enron security fraud case for $80 million. It is one of the five largest penalties imposed on security-related civil cases. 
March 19 Enron Board of Directors approves to keep its three pipeline companies, Transwestern Pipeline Company, Citrus Corp., and Northern Plains Natural Gas Company, as subsidiaries of the new company temporarily called PipeCo. 
May 9 Enron Board of Directors approves retention of most overseas power plants, pipelines, and utility businesses as subsidiaries of a new company temporarily called InternationalCo (also known as, Enron International).
June 25 FERC upholds as binding billions of dollars in long-term contracts signed by western utilities and the state of California. Enron announces the formal organization of PipeCo as CrossCountry Energy LLC.
June 25 Enron announces formal organization of InternationalCo as Prisma Energy International Inc.
July 11 Enron files its bankruptcy reorganization plan.
On March 26, 2003, the Commission reviewed the ALJ’s ruling in the
California refund case, adopting many of his findings. However, the Commission
calculated gas costs differently in its refund formula. Instead of published gas
price indices, FERC opted to use gas prices from producing areas plus an
allowance for transportation costs. A generator could recover gas costs above this
level only if it documented the costs. This change increased significantly the
amount of refunds to be paid under the refund formula.
Also on March 26, the Commission released the Staff’s Final Report on its
investigation of market manipulation. The Report found evidence of significant
market manipulation in Western energy markets during 2000 and 2001.
According to the Final Report, increases in spot gas prices contributed to the price
increases in the electricity markets. Dysfunctions in the natural gas market
appeared to stem, in part, from efforts to manipulate price indices compiled by
trade publications, including reporting of false data and wash trading.
Originally posted by tonycliffs
The Portuguese arrived in 1505 in what outsiders then called Ceylon. Since there were no women in the Portuguese navy, the Portuguese sailors married local Sinhalese women and Tamils in Batticaloa. This practice of intermarriage with local people was encouraged by the Portuguese.
When a Dutch company VOC took over in 1653, they expelled all the Portuguese. However, they permitted a few stateless persons of Portuguese-Jewish (Marrano) descent, and of mixed Portuguese-Sinhalese ancestry to stay. Many people having a Portuguese name were a result of forced conversions of local/native people in order to work for the Portuguese. As a result, Burghers with Portuguese names are most likely to be of Sinhalese ancestry, with a very small portion being Portuguese or mixed Portuguese-Sinhalese ancestry. Those of a Portuguese-Jewish background can be traced in various forms or surmised from their surname. Most Burghers of Eurasian descent with Portuguese surnames are of Sinhalese and Dutch, British, German, Swedish, and/or other European descent.
These extremists, sometimes known as “sovereign citizens,” believe they can live outside any type of government authority, FBI agents said at a news conference.
The extremists may refuse to pay taxes, defy government environmental regulations and believe the United States went bankrupt by going off the gold standard.
The Sixteenth Amendment nullified the effect of Pollock. That means the Congress may impose taxes on income from any source without having to apportion the total dollar amount of tax collected from each state according to each state's population in relation to the total national population. In Abrams v. Commissioner, the United States Tax Court stated:
"Since the ratification of the Sixteenth Amendment, it is immaterial with respect to income taxes, whether the tax is a direct or indirect tax. The whole purpose of the Sixteenth Amendment was to relieve all income taxes when imposed from [the requirement of] apportionment and from [the requirement of] a consideration of the source whence the income was derived.
Punish the Americans
In London King George III gave up all hope of subduing America by more armies, while Britain had a European war to fight. "It was a joke," he said, "to think of keeping Pennsylvania." There was no hope of recovering New England. But the King was still determined "never to acknowledge the independence of the Americans, and to punish their contumacy by the indefinite prolongation of a war which promised to be eternal."