posted on Aug, 14 2011 @ 12:41 AM
On the evening of 10 May 1941 Rudolf Hess, Hitler's Deputy Fuhrer and philosopher of National Socialism, arrived unexpectedly in Scotland by
Messerschmitt and parachute. It was his unconventional choice of transport almost as much as the initial bewilderment about his intentions, which
turned his apparently pointless mission into one of the twentieth century's most durable mysteries.
The British Government announced that Hess was mad and had deluded himself into believing that he could broker an unlikely peace between Axis and
Allies. Berlin continued London's explanation. But doubts persisted. Martin Allen has produced a rival account of the Hess affair which, although
unlikely, is certainly plausible. The way in which he sets it out makes The Hitler-Hess Deception a thoroughly enjoyable detective story.
It begins with Dr Ludwig Weissauer - 'understood to be a direct secret emissary of Hitler' - suggesting a meeting with the British Ambassador to
Sweden. Sir Robert Vansittart, the Foreign Secretary's 'chief diplomatic adviser', urged Lord Halifax to issue 'the most categorical instruction'
that the invitation must be declined. Weissauer wanted to talk peace. The terms which intelligence suggested he was offering included the continued
German annexation of Czechoslovakia and were, therefore, unacceptable. But what really disturbed Vansittart was the implication inherent in the
meeting. Germany suspected that Britain was not firm in its resolve to fight the war to a finish.
Even when Winston Churchill succeeded Chamberlain there were still hopes in the Berlin High Command that the appeasement faction in Britain would
organise a successful coup and install a Prime Minister who was prepared to sue for peace. According to Allen, the Nazis were reinforced in that
judgment by the occasional (and invariably unsuccessful) attempts to carry a parliamentary vote of no confidence in Churchill's coalition government.
If that is so, we can only conclude that Hitler and his cronies had no idea how the House of Commons worked.
British intelligence did, however, recognise how susceptible the Germans were to the notion that Churchill's strategy of blood, sweat and tears had
not been wholeheartedly accepted in Westminster and Whitehall. Berlin, it was thought, assumed that Sir Samuel Hoare, a Cabinet Minister in
Chamberlain's government whom Churchill had made Ambassador to Spain, had been 'banished' by the new Prime Minister because his loyalty was
suspect. The scene was set for Hoare to at least feed the Germans' suspicion. Allen (a distinguished exponent of the 'it is reasonable to assume'
school of historical analysis) believes, but admits he cannot prove, that Hoare met Hess in Madrid. From then on the reader is fed a series of
plausible assumptions made more convincing by the details with which they are justified.
During Hess's preparations for bed on the night before he flew to Britain he noticed that his wife was reading the Duke of Hamilton's account of
flying over Everest. It was, the author assures us, an unlikely coincidence. 'Hess himself had been looking at it, left it out, and Ilse had
subsequently picked it up.' Ergo, the plan to drop in on the Duke of Hamilton had been carefully prepared and the location of his arrival in Scotland
precisely determined in advance.
On the basis of that quality of circumstantial evidence Allen comes to his novel conclusion that Hess and Hitler were duped by British intelligence
into believing that something called the Hoare-Halifax Pact had been created, and that the plotters were preparing to depose Churchill and end the
war. The object of the complicated exercise was to persuade Hitler that Britain was no longer a threat and that he could invade Russia without fearing
that the Wehrmacht would be forced to fight on two fronts. Hess, according to the Allen thesis, flew into Britain just to make sure that everything
was going according to what he believed to be the plan.
Why do you think Hess, Hitlers next in line, dropped in the u.k, No body seems to really know for sure.