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ODESSA (German Organisation der ehemaligen SS-Angehörigen; "The Organization of Former SS-Members") was an alleged Nazi-German fugitive network set up towards the end of World War II by a group of SS officers. With alleged ties to Argentina, Egypt, Germany, Italy, Switzerland, and the Vatican, ODESSA ostensibly operated out of Buenos Aires and helped Adolf Eichmann, Josef Mengele, Erich Priebke and many other war criminals find refuge in Latin America and the Middle East.
SS-Obersturmbannführer Otto Skorzeny and Sturmbannführer Alfred Naujocks were both believed to have been active in this organization, but these suppositions have never been proved. Similarly, General Reinhard Gehlen's entire intelligence organisation that was employed and protected by US intelligence within a few months of the end of the war (and which subsequently became an important part of NATO intelligence in eastern Europe), came under suspicion.
Breathing new life into the recurring speculations about ODESSA, a note purportedly coming from the organization claimed responsibility for the 9 July 1979 car bombing in France aimed at anti-Nazi activists Serge and Beate Klarsfeld.