I wanted to share something with you all that has nagged at me ever since I encountered the work of Mr. Paul Devereux of Britain. Mr. Devereux is the
Founding co-editor of Time & Mind - Journal of Archaeology, Consciousness and Culture, www.bergpublishers.com/timeandmind
It was Mr. Devereux’s article on Ley Lines, that I read years ago, that changed my entire thinking on the subject and caused me to seek out more
information to try and understand this subject matter.
As far as Mr. Devereux’s credentials concerning Ley Lines goes I will let him speak for himself…
“The subject of leys (or 'ley lines' or 'ley hunting') as we have come to know it is essentially a British one. Both the good and bad aspects
can be blamed on the British!
For 20 years I edited the only journal in the world devoted solely to leys, THE LEY HUNTER, and I think I have come to know the subject more
intimately and in more detail than anyone else alive.”
For this thread I am using as a source Paul Devereux’s own website and all quotes and probably most of the images will come from,Abridged summary
of paper given at the "WEGE DES GEISTES - WEGE DER KRAFT (Ways of Spirit - Ways of Power)" conference in October, 1996, in Germany
, which is
posted at Mr. Devereux’s website here; www.pauldevereux.co.uk...
I want to cut to the important part here, ATS and once more I will let Mr. Devereux speak for himself…
“The first thing I can assure you is that what is talked about in New Age journals, workshops and groups today about 'leylines' is mainly a
combination of misunderstanding, old falsehoods, wishful thinking and downright fantasy.
What I am going to tell you now is the true history of ley research. Like most histories, it is essentially a list of dates and names, but unless we
understand the growth of the ley idea, we will never understand what leys are, and what it is we are dealing with.”
What grabbed me about Mr. Devereux’s article is that it allows for the mind to go much further with the idea of what these lines could possibly be
or represent, but I digress.
Here is some of the history (Devereux does such a good job with this, his best loved subject matter, that you really should go to his site and read
it, but here is some in a nutshell…
In 1921, Albert Watkins of England claims to have had a “Flood of ancestral memory” and he begins to see in maps that he is studying that various
Megalithic sites and ancient earthworks locations in England ‘lined up’ along lines which could be surveyed.
He began to survey and photograph the alignments and in 1925 he published his most important book, The Old Straight Track. That same year The Straight
Track Club was formed and surveying and exploring the straight tracks and the sites that corresponded to them became a sort of past time in England
(which does persist to this day; see Julian Cope’s Ancient Megalithic). Here I will let Devereux speak for himself…
The Straight Track Club at Stonhenge
“For about 7 years in the 1920s, Watkins referred to his alignments as 'leys'. This is an Anglo-Saxon word meaning 'cleared strips of ground' or
'meadows'. Watkins' theory of leys was that they were old straight traders' tracks laid down by surveyors in the Neolithic period of prehistory.
The tracks ran from hilltop to hilltop, mountain ridge to mountain ridge, like 'a fairy chain' Watkins suggested. They cut through wild country, and
in the valleys there was dense forest. Over time, this was cleared along the course of the straight tracks, Watkins maintained, and this was the
reason he used the word 'ley' to describe such tracks.
However, by 1929, he had discarded the use of the name 'ley' and referred to his alignments only as 'old straight tracks' or 'archaic tracks'.”
“Watkins felt that many of the key sighting points along these old straight tracks evolved into sacred sites, such as standing stones and burial
He also theorized that in the historic, Christian era, some of the prehistoric, pagan sites became Christianized and this explained why he found so
many ancient churches standing on his alignments. It is certainly a fact that many such sites did become Christianized throughout Europe.”
So what happened? How did Watkins’s Ancient Straight Tracks become subsumed by the New Age and adopted by New Agers to explain all sorts of
extravagant theories? I must let Devereux do his own talking on this, ATS, he is the master of this information and I really do encourage the reader
of this thread that has ever been interested in Ley Lines to go and read Devereux’s full article. It is very important for Denying New Age Ignorance
and opening up the mind to new possibilities for understanding our hidden past…
“In 1935, Watkins died. In 1936, the British occultist Dion Fortune wrote a fictional book, a novel, called The Goat-Foot God, in which she put
forward the notion of 'lines of force' connecting megalithic sites such as Avebury and Stonehenge in southern England.
In 1938, Arthur Lawton, a member of the Straight Track Club, wrote a paper in which he claimed that leys were lines of cosmic force which could be
dowsed. He was a dowser himself, and was impressed with the German geopathological dowsing that was then getting under way, and French dowsing work
which claimed that there were lines of force beneath standing stones. Lawton put all this together in his own head and came up with his theory about
I will add some more relevant quotes, but Devereux’s article covers a lot of ground and he leaves no stone unturned as he maps the straight track
followed by Watkins’s ideas as they moved through popular culture, came to live for a while in America, and were ultimately re-exported back to
Britain where they were augmented with further silliness.
“From 1960 the ley theory took on a new lease of life, one that has led to the modern New Age notion of 'ley lines'. An ex-R.A.F. pilot, Tony
Wedd, was very interested in flying saucers, or UFOs. He had read Watkins' The Old Straight Track and also a French book, Flying Saucers and the
Straight Line Mystery (1958)"
“He had also read an American book by Buck Nelson called My Trip to Mars, the Moon and Venus (1956) in which Rogers claimed to have flown in UFOs,
and to have witnessed them picking up energy from 'magnetic currents' flowing through the Earth."
"In 1961, Wedd published a pamphlet called Skyways and Landmarks in which he theorized that UFO occupants flew along magnetic lines of force which
linked ancient sites, and that the ancient sites acted as landmarks for UFO pilots. It all relied very much on the notions and experiences of an
old-fashioned terrestrial airplane pilot, rather than intergalactic extra-terrestrial creatures!”
“Wedd formed the Star Fellowship, which aimed to contact the Space Brothers. The members of the club enlisted the aid of a psychic called Mary Long
in their ley hunting, and she started referring to 'lines of force' and magnetic nodes in the landscape. She also channeled communications from a
Space Being called 'Attalita'. In 1962 a Ley Hunter's Club was set up with Wedd's encouragement, and by 1965 it produced the first few copies of THE
LEY HUNTER journal.”
Devereux goes on to weed out every single goof ball kamikaze idea ever attached to Watkins’s original work and how it got there in the first
“Very soon, the whole New Age version of the subject became like a corridor of mirrors, with one fantasy piling up on another. To this very day,
this false and time-wasting approach to the mystery of the lines is the most publically known version of the subject.
Germany was particularly vulnerable, for it absorbed all the American New Age ideas, including energy 'ley lines', knowing little or nothing about the
origin of the ley theory in Britain. In addition, ideas of ley energies fitted in very well with Germany's own history of geopathological dowsing and
dowsable energy grids or nets, and the two, completely different subjects became merged together in the New Age melting pot.
Holland in some ways was worse off, because it received its information fairly equally from the New Age in Britain, Germany and the USA, and I have
found that it is virtually impossible to talk to anyone in Holland about research- based ley hunting.)”
So that was a mind blower for me to read this about what I had come to know of as ‘Ley Lines’. I had also become enamored of the idea that there
were these ‘Lines of Force’ connecting all over the earth that could somehow be accessed through occult knowledge.
But that is not really the case. All of the ideas that led to the New Age misunderstanding of all of this are laid bare by Devereux and as it turns
out all of it is out of the heads of authors of what can really be considered to be a class of fiction; occult books or novels (Fortune’s Goat
Footed God being one example).
Devereux finally has this to say about the New Age…
“Now, today, I find that New Agers are like the old professors: they resist or dismiss the new research we have on old straight tracks and
landscape lines around the world.
This is because many of them earn their living from writing New Age books, giving New Age lectures and workshops, and so they feel threatened. Others
simply do not want their pet fantasies disturbed. Yet others are not prepared to admit to past mistakes and misunderstandings.
The New Age is no longer new, vibrant and fresh; it has become old and inflexible. In their minds, many New Age people are still living about a
quarter of a century ago, not aware of what has been found, discovered and understood in those intervening decades.
Understanding the nature of real straight line markings in archaic landscapes can actually introduce us to a whole hidden history of human
consciousness, a remarkable legacy.”
I have to applaud him on that one.
I will try to make this the final quote but it is important to see Where Devereux is going with this and then I will leave it up to the thread reader
to check it out if they so desire.
“Feng-shui, the ancient Chinese art of landscape divination, has its ancient roots in ancestor worship and Taoism, which in turn derived from
shamanism. One of Feng-shui's basic tenets is that houses and tombs should not be built on straight lines in the landscape. Such features include
roads, ridges, river courses, lines of trees, fences and such like.
They all facilitated the passage of troublesome spirits, so if a tomb or building was on the course of such an "arrow" in the land, then preventative
measures had to be taken. These included the erection of physical barriers to mask the entrance to the building, placing fearsome "door guardian"
effigies either side of the door, or placing a special mirror at the entrance so that any horrible spirits would scare themselves off by their own
This basic idea of spirits traveling in straight lines is found all around the Pacific Rim, but the association of straight ways across the land with
the passage of spirits is even wider. In Laos, for example, the Hmong peoples have a rule that a new house in a village should not be built directly
in front or directly behind another house. This is because spirits travel in straight lines, and when corpses are moved from the house for burial they
must go straight out of the house.
Similar invisible spirit lines occur throughout Europe, with features like fairy passes in Ireland, which link prehistoric earthworks (and on which
one was not supposed to build, similar to Feng-shui ideas), and Geisterwege in Germany, linking medieval cemeteries.”
If I were to go on with the quotes, ATS, you would murder me.
The gist of Devereux’s thinking seems to be that all of these straight tracks found all over the world were somehow connected to the efforts of
the living to keep the dead where they belonged.
A Viking 'Deathroad' or Doodweg near Hilversum, Holland. Photo: Paul Devereux.
I agree with Devereux.
As I have gone along in my studies of all things hidden I have come to the personal conclusion that there was, in a time not long ago but that is easy
to forget somehow, a different paradigm at work concerning the dead.
And that people spent a great deal of their time performing acts and services (rituals) that were meant to appease the dead and keep the ancestors in
their places because they were not far away at all and could be troublesome.
Please go read the article. It is utterly fascinating and I cannot quote it in its entirety here. It will totally change your mind about the nature of
edit on 3-7-2011 by Frater210 because: Ia!