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Several decades later, Wade Davis, a Harvard ethnobotanist, presented a pharmacological case for zombies in two books, The Serpent and the Rainbow (1985) and Passage of Darkness: The Ethnobiology of the Haitian Zombie (1988). Davis traveled to Haiti in 1982 and, as a result of his investigations, claimed that a living person can be turned into a zombie by two special powders being entered into the blood stream (usually via a wound). The first, coup de poudre (French: 'powder strike'), includes tetrodotoxin (TTX), a powerful and frequently fatal neurotoxin found in the flesh of the pufferfish (order Tetraodontidae). The second powder consists of dissociative drugs such as datura. Together, these powders were said to induce a death-like state in which the will of the victim would be entirely subjected to that of the bokor. Davis also popularized the story of Clairvius Narcisse, who was claimed to have succumbed to this practice. The process described by Davis was an initial state of death-like suspended animation, followed by re-awakening—typically after being buried—into a psychotic state. The psychosis induced by the drug and psychological trauma was hypothesised by Davis to re-inforce culturally-learned beliefs and to cause the individual to reconstruct their identity as that of a zombie, since they 'knew' they were dead, and had no other role to play in the Haitian society. Societal reinforcement of the belief was hypothesized by Davis to confirm for the zombie individual the zombie state, and such individuals were known to hang around in graveyards, exhibiting attitudes of low affect. In 1988, Wes Craven, director of the Nightmare on Elm Street horror series of movies, filmed The Serpent and the Rainbow, which diverges significantly from the book. Davis' claim has been criticized, particularly the suggestion that Haitian witch doctors can keep “zombies” in a state of pharmacologically induced trance for many years. Symptoms of TTX poisoning range from numbness and nausea to paralysis (particularly of the muscles of the diaphragm), unconsciousness, and death, but do not include a stiffened gait or a death-like trance. According to psychologist Terence Hines, the scientific community dismisses tetrodotoxin as the cause of this state, and Davis's assessment of the nature of the reports of Haitian zombies is viewed as overly credulous. Scottish psychiatrist R. D. Laing highlighted the link between social and cultural expectations and compulsion, in the context of schizophrenia and other mental illness, suggesting that schizogenesis may account for some of the psychological aspects of zombification.
Originally posted by crikeyoioioi
first thing that came to mind when i read this was that parasite found in cat poo and litter trays. Haven't got any links as it just came back to me but i read several articles years ago and saw a documentary about the parasite. You breath it in or injest it and it makes its way to your brain. Apparently doesn't do much to humans they say but millions have it. In the doco they showed that rats that have it in their brain become fearless of cats and just wonder around more dosile and less fearfull. Becoming easy targets. Crazy but plenty or info on the subject. At the time there was no way of removing it from human brains but they say most cats have it and most cat owners that have litter tray as you breathe it in when you empty them.
Originally posted by ShadowZion
reply to post by 12voltz
yeah but we can break away from television, this we would have no control over, we wouldn't acknowledge our consciousness.
Originally posted by ShadowZion
reply to post by TribeOfManyColours
Yes but that is because your son is young. his mind is still fresh.
But the older you get the more control you have.
I was one of the now fortunate kids, but back then i wouldn't have considered.
i was never into all the pop stuff, the movies, the music, tv etc.....
i never listened to or watched that stuff, so i watched all my friends who did, i noticed the transformation.
The changing of accents, (in england, makes us all want to be jamaican rappers saying yeah blud), and because i live in dubai, its effects have been shown to me to cross the entire globe. its the same #..... i dont want to turn this into a anti-materialism rant. but TV can take over your minds, but not the same way this can, sure TV can make you stupid but this fungi will make it as though you are a zombie, wandering aimlessly.
what really would spark my mind is if i heard news about the zombie ants cannibalizing each other...!!