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Bronze Age Brain Surgery

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posted on Jun, 17 2011 @ 08:25 PM
Sorry I didn't know if this should go in the medicine or history forum.

This definately has to make us rethink how advanced man has been at various times through history.

Here we have brain surgery from 5000 years ago.

Julius Caesar was born by caesarian sectionin 100 BCE (claims to proceedure as early as 300 BCE)

Civilisations have risen & fallen all through-out history. We just do not always know advanced they progressed in specific scientific field.

Not all healers of the ancient past were shamans, witch-doctors, herbal women & charlatan who used leeches & bleeding.

Some societies were highly developed in the field of medicine as brain surgery can attest.

Just hope they developed something better them a punch to the head when it came to knock-out time.

5,000 years ago, people living in Turkey were surprisingly good at what seems like a purely modern practice.

You might shudder at the mere thought of ancient brain surgery, but recent studies of the practice at Bronze Age sites in Turkey suggest that early neurosurgeons were surprisingly precise and that a majority of their patients may have survived.
At Ikiztepe, a small settlement near the Black Sea occupied from 3200 to 1700 B.C., archaeologist Önder Bilgi of Istanbul University has uncovered five skulls with clean, rectangular incisions that are evidence for trepanation, or basic cranial surgery. The procedure may have been performed to treat hemorrhages, brain cancer, head trauma, or mental illness. Last August Bilgi also unearthed a pair of razor-sharp volcanic glass blades that he believes were used to make the careful cuts.

There is ample evidence that Bronze Age sawbones knew what they doing. Last summer, biological anthropologist Handan üstündag of Anadolu University in Turkey excavated the 4,000-year-old trepanned skull of a man at Kultepe Höyük in central Turkey. üstündag says the surgeon cut a neat 1- by 2-inch incision, and  there are clear signs of recovery in the regrowth of bone tissue at the edges. Judging from the frequency of healed bone in such skulls, anthropologist Yilmaz Erdal of Hacettepe University in Turkey recently proposed that about half of all Bronze Age trepanation patients- and 60 percent of those in Turkey- survived the procedure.

edit on 17-6-2011 by acrux because: (no reason given)

posted on Jun, 17 2011 @ 09:46 PM
I cannot help but wonder how they diagnosed brain problems to begin with, and am shocked at the estimated survival rate. Truly remarkable in my opinion. But I also wonder how many of the surgeries were unnecessary. With no imaging techniques like we have today, it would have been extremely difficult to be certain of the condition in all cases.

posted on Jun, 17 2011 @ 09:54 PM
Bronze age brain surgery?
Now that is really mind boggling.
I wonder how advanced they really were if they knew how to perform brain surgery.

edit on 17-6-2011 by fusionhunter because: 4am spelling errors

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