Top 7 most complex machines ever built

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posted on Jun, 4 2011 @ 12:40 PM
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7- The Pratt & Whitney R-4360 Radia Engine


In 1940 the Pratt & Whitney Corp. started development of what would prove to be the largest, most complex, and most powerful aviation piston engine ever ever built. This engine was built during the WWII but when the war was over none of these engines could be used for combat aircraft. It did, however, power the last generation of large piston-engined aircraft before the turbojet and turboprop took over, these includes: the Boeing B-50 Superfortress, Convair B-36 Peacemaker, Martin AM-1 Mauler, Douglas C-124 Globemaster, and Boeing C-97 Stratocruiser. The Wasp Major was also used in a number of experimental aircraft that did not reach production status, such as the Republic XP-72, Goodyear F2G, and Northrup XB-35 Flying Wing.

Type: Radial Engine
Manufacturer: Pratt and Whitney
Model: R-4360 Wasp Major
Cylinders: 28 supercharged
Rows: 4 rows radial (odd number of engines per row, for valve timing)
Cooling: air cooled

Bore: 146.05 mm
Stroke: 152.4 mm
Displacement: 71.49 L
Length: 2 451 mm
Diameter: 1397 mm

Weight: ~ 1633 kg
Power(HP): 3000 ~ 4300





Credits photos goes to WorldPress

6-The Aeternitas mega 4 watch


36 complications, 25 of them visible, 1,483 components, a 1000-year calendar, a price tag of 2.7 million dollars, and 5 years’ work; 99 jewels...
The glass sapphire case back enables the harmoniously chiselled and decorated pieces that overlap to be admired in a stunning combination as a dazzling ballet. This masterpiece of complications and know how was entirely designed and manufactured by the Franck Muller group and once again demonstrates their vast array of skills and ability in the Art of HAUTE HORLOGERIE.

Reference: 8888 MGA T CCR QPSE
Caliber: FM 3480 QPSE
Movement Mechanic Tourbillon, Carillon Westminster on 4 hammers and 4 gongs, Chronograph with fly-back mechanism and only one push-piece, Perpetual Calendar Secular, Equation of time, Two additional time zones, Automatic self-winding mechnanism for the movement and the Westminster carillon.








Full complications list and explanations here

5- Tianhe-1A computer


Tianhe-I, Tianhe-1, or TH-1 is a supercomputer capable of an Rmax (maximum range) of 2.566 petaFLOPS; that is, over 2½ quadrillion (thousand million million) floating point operations per second, or FLOPS. Located at the National Supercomputing Center in Tianjin, China, it is one of the fastest computers in the world and one of the few Petascale supercomputers in the world.

In October 2010, an upgraded version of the machine (Tianhe-1A) overtook ORNL's Jaguar to become the world's fastest supercomputer, with a peak computing rate of 2.507 petaFLOPS.
Both the original Tianhe-1 and Tianhe-1A use a Linux-based operating system.


source

Tianhe-1A is using 7,168 NVIDIA Tesla M2050 GPUs and 14,336 Intel Xeon CPUs consuming 4.04 megawatts.




4- The USS New Hampshire (SSN-778)


Specifications: Power Plant: One S9G pressurized water reactor, 29.84MW (40,000hp), one shaft with pumpjet propulsor, Improved Performance Machinery Program Phase III one secondary propulsion submerged motor.
Displacement, 7,800 tons submerged.
Length: 377 feet. Draft: 32 feet. Beam: 34 feet. Speed: 25+ knots submerged.
Depth: Greater than 800 feet. Horizontal Tubes: Four 21" Torpedo Tubes, Vertical Tubes: 12 Vertical Launch System Tubes, Weapons: 38 weapons, including: Vertical Launch System Tomahawk Cruise Missiles, Mk 48 ADCAP Heavyweight Torpedoes, Advanced Mobile Mines, Unmanned Undersea Vehicles, Special Warfare: Dry Deck Shelter. Advanced SEAL Delivery System. Sonars: Spherical active/passive arrays.
Light Weight Wide Aperture Arrays. TB-16, TB-29, and future towed arrays.
High-frequency chin and sail arrays.
Countermeasures: 1 internal launcher (reloadable 2-barrel) 14 external launchers.
Crew: 113 officers and men.






Credits photos: Navsource

3- The Appollo Command Module


The command module's inner structure was an aluminum "sandwich" consisting of a welded aluminum inner skin, a thermally bonded honeycomb core, and a thin aluminum "face sheet".
The central heat shield consisted of 40 individual panels interspersed with several holes and openings for the reaction control engines and after-compartment equipment access.
The central compartment structure consisted of an inner aluminum face sheet with a steel honeycomb core, a glass-phenolic ablative honeycomb heat shield, a layer of q-felt fibrous insulation, a pore seal, a moisture barrier, and a layer of aluminized PET film thermal strips.

The aft heat shield consisted of four brazed honeycomb panels, four spot-welded sheet metal fairings, and a circumferential ring.
The fairing segments were attached to the honeycomb panels and ring with conventional fasteners. The steel honeycomb core and outer face sheets were then thermally bonded to the inner skin in a giant autoclave. The aft heat shield is nearly identical to the central, with the exception of the outer alluminized PET film layer.


Full article here



What impress me the most is the Command Module Main Control panel:





Credits photos: NASA.

2- The Large Hadron Collider


The LHC, the world’s largest and most powerful particle accelerator, is the latest addition to CERN’s accelerator complex. It mainly consists of a 27 km ring of superconducting magnets with a number of accelerating structures to boost the energy of the particles along the way.

Inside the accelerator, two beams of particles travel at close to the speed of light with very high energies before colliding with one another. The beams travel in opposite directions in separate beam pipes – two tubes kept at ultrahigh vacuum.
They are guided around the accelerator ring by a strong magnetic field, achieved using superconducting electromagnets.
These are built from coils of special electric cable that operates in a superconducting state, efficiently conducting electricity without resistance or loss of energy.
This requires chilling the magnets to about ‑271°C – a temperature colder than outer space! For this reason, much of the accelerator is connected to a distribution system of liquid helium, which cools the magnets, as well as to other supply services.

Thousands of magnets of different varieties and sizes are used to direct the beams around the accelerator. These include 1232 dipole magnets of 15 m length which are used to bend the beams, and 392 quadrupole magnets, each 5–7 m long, to focus the beams. Just prior to collision, another type of magnet is used to 'squeeze' the particles closer together to increase the chances of collisions.
The particles are so tiny that the task of making them collide is akin to firing needles from two positions 10 km apart with such precision that they meet halfway!


Read the full article here

The LHC is:
-The largest machine in the world...
-The fastest racetrack on the planet...
-The emptiest space in the Solar System...
-The hottest spots in the galaxy, but even colder than outer space...
-The biggest and most sophisticated detectors ever built...
-The most powerful supercomputer system in the world...

Read details on the CERN site




Credits photos APOD

1- The Space Shuttle


The space shuttle has more than 2.5 million parts, including almost 370 kilometers (230 miles) of wire, more than 1,060 plumbing valves and connections, over 1,440 circuit breakers, and more than 27,000 insulating tiles and thermal blankets.

In 8 ½ minutes after launch, the shuttle accelerates from zero to about nine times as fast as a rifle bullet, or 28,002.6 kilometers per hour (17,400 miles per hour), to attain Earth orbit.


Full article here






Credits photos: NASA.
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posted on Jun, 4 2011 @ 12:52 PM
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Awesome information and just shows the incredible achievements of mankind.



posted on Jun, 4 2011 @ 12:58 PM
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Originally posted by linkshot1000
Awesome information and just shows the incredible achievements of mankind.


Gotta be some WomanKind in there also.


Nice info!



posted on Jun, 4 2011 @ 12:58 PM
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reply to post by linkshot1000
 



Type: Radial Engine
Manufacturer: Pratt and Whitney
Model: R-4360 Wasp Major
Cylinders: 28 supercharged
Rows: 4 rows radial (odd number of engines per row, for valve timing)
Cooling: air cooled

Bore: 146.05 mm
Stroke: 152.4 mm
Displacement: 71.49 L
Length: 2 451 mm
Diameter: 1397 mm

Weight: ~ 1633 kg
Power(HP): 3000 ~ 4300

Is a serious bit of gear.

Thank you..



posted on Jun, 4 2011 @ 12:59 PM
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Gotta love the space shuttle for it's design, regardless whether you agree with it's purpose.

Considering it's so complex, you can only imagine how much more so it's successor is going to be now that they are going to be retired.

And people get paid to sit around and think this stuff up, I wish I was one of them.

King



posted on Jun, 4 2011 @ 01:02 PM
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amazing! that watch is really crazy. i, myself was surprised that the lhc didn't come in first, that the space shuttle in fact, took the top spot.

really cool, thanks for sharing S&F


+4 more 
posted on Jun, 4 2011 @ 01:05 PM
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Fantastic stuff. Yet, none of them are as complex as a single one of these:




posted on Jun, 4 2011 @ 01:11 PM
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Oh water pressure power!

They are close to my invention



posted on Jun, 4 2011 @ 02:54 PM
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I would think a MRI machine would be up there. Also the Stealth Bomber.

I agree with the Shuttle being number 1.
edit on 4-6-2011 by QuantumDisciple because: (no reason given)



posted on Jun, 4 2011 @ 05:04 PM
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Oh man, that watch looks the business!
The work that goes into that is amazing. Wouldn't feel comfortable walking down the street wearing it though


Definetly agree the shuttle deserves the number 1 spot.



posted on Jun, 4 2011 @ 06:34 PM
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Impressive thread.


I know the watch shouldn't fascinate me so much compared to the implications of the other complexities, but it does!



posted on Jun, 4 2011 @ 06:42 PM
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Originally posted by OnceReturned
Fantastic stuff. Yet, none of them are as complex as a single one of these:


Like I always say, how can people look at the space shuttle and say "Design!" but look at its designers and say "Accident!"?



posted on Jun, 4 2011 @ 08:26 PM
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How is it that the big outer space telescopes escape this list? Also how does the bugatti veyron escape it also.



posted on Jun, 4 2011 @ 08:37 PM
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reply to post by elevenaugust
 


Wouldn't the Universe be also considered as the most complex machine ever built? So complex that we are merely copying very small part of it, like a super computer = human brain...



posted on Jun, 4 2011 @ 09:19 PM
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anyone else notice the watch's inverted 666...sorry I just HAD too...this thread was lacking in conspiracy...



posted on Jun, 4 2011 @ 09:21 PM
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Originally posted by SaberTruth

Like I always say, how can people look at the space shuttle and say "Design!" but look at its designers and say "Accident!"?


"When I consider your heavens, the work of your fingers, the moon and the stars, which you have set in place, what is man that you are mindful of him, the son of man that you care for him?"

Psalm 8: 3-4.
edit on 4/6/2011 by chr0naut because: (no reason given)



posted on Jun, 4 2011 @ 09:22 PM
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Originally posted by chr0naut

Originally posted by SaberTruth

Like I always say, how can people look at the space shuttle and say "Design!" but look at its designers and say "Accident!"?


"When I consider your heavens, the work of your fingers, the moon and the stars, which you have set in place, what is man that you are mindful of him, the son of man that you care for him?"

Psalm 8: 3-4.
edit on 4/6/2011 by chr0naut because: (no reason given)


Word. :-D

(oh yeah... 'nuther line goes here)
edit on 4-6-2011 by SaberTruth because: (no reason given)



posted on Jun, 4 2011 @ 09:59 PM
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Supurb!


Can you imagine the tolerances on those different manmade parts?

Tolerences at Plus /Minus .002 thousanths for blueprints and all that stuff in different applications FIT?

Plus/Minus .002 THOUSANTHS! Those WERE the tolerences used on most Military and Commercial Blueprints to make sure there's not too much inconsistency for part A and B to work their requirenments toghether.

NOW? We have tolerences that go to plus or minus .0005!!!!!!

How cool is THAT?

Engineers Rule.



posted on Jun, 4 2011 @ 10:11 PM
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Then you've got your Hubble Telescope, your Hoover's Dam, the tiny biological machines that make up and run our cells, the in-progress James Webb telescope, and many more. The human-made machines flow from the human brain - which would also have a place on this list.



posted on Jun, 4 2011 @ 11:31 PM
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How about the Antikythera Mechanism. It's not only complex it's also very old. This in my opinion would make it at least no. 8.


Today it is believed that this instrument was a kind of mechanical analog computer used to calculate the movements of stars and planets in astronomy. It has been estimated that the antikythera mechanism was built around 87 B.C and was lost in 76 B.C. No one has any idea about why or how it came to be on that ill-fated cargo ship. The ship was Roman though the antikythera mechanism was developed in Greece.


Antikythera Mechanism





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