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Originally posted by Sorayugiman
Scientists have for some reason just found out what happened to the vikings.
It was due to a cold snap in greenland at the time.
Please tell me what you think?
The period from the earliest recorded raids in the 790s until the Norman Conquest of England in 1066 is commonly known as the Viking Age of Scandinavian history. Vikings used the Norwegian Sea and Baltic Sea for sea routes to the south. The Normans were descended from Danish and Norwegian Vikings who were given feudal overlordship of areas in northern France — the Duchy of Normandy — in the 10th century. In that respect, descendants of the Vikings continued to have an influence in northern Europe. Likewise, King Harold Godwinson, the last Anglo-Saxon king of England, had Danish ancestors.
Don João Fernandez from the Azores, which in 1500 had to give up his explorer- and govenor rights to Gaspar Corte Real, moved to England. In the winter of 1500-01 he appears in Bristol, UK. In Archivo dos Acores, XIII (1494) he is mentioned as an "Ilavrador" (slavehunter?) that operated at seas with a Bero de Barcellos.
On March the 19.th 1501 king Henry wrote a letter to Richard Warde, Thomas Ashehurst and John Thomas, that together with the portugese John [João] Fernandez, Francis Fernandez and John Gonsalves was given the right to explore and posess for England all islands and land which previousely was unknown for the Christians, in east, west, north and south. This right was granted tor 10 years.
Robert Fabians Chronicle tells that in 1502 they brought back three white slaves that was given to the king - probably as house slaves. They seemed very wild and rebellish at arrival, but when the writer saw them again in Westminster Palace two years later there it wasn't possible to discern them from ordinary englishmen.
The only greenlandish mention that excists regarding the norse settlements on Greenland's demise is what an eskimo told Niels Egede, the son of "the Apostle of Greenland" Hans Egede in the 1700's. The story is written down and preserved.
The eskimo told that his people had moved south in Greenland and reached the norse settlements. The relationship to the norse wasn't very good - the norse wouldn't have much with the eskimos to do except from trade. The eskimos which not yet had permantnt settlements was a bit afraid, but after a while they managed to reach a common confidence. This didn't last so long, when three pirate ships arrived. There were fights and plundering, but the norse managed to take control of one of the ships while the other two fled away. Next year a whole fleet arrived, plundering and slaying everyone they came across. Some survivors managed to flee in boats, probably to America, but some was left also this autumn. These tragic circumstances got the eskimos and the surviving Greenlanders closer together, and the eskimos promised to help if there would come more pirates. But when the slave ships arrived the next summer, they ran inward into the country together with five white women and some kids. When they later arrived at Austerbygda (Eastern Village) everything was plundered and destroyed.
This can be collaborated by Portugese sources that mention that the ships had a main station at Newfoundland where they met after the slavehunt.
The five women and some kids in the midst of Austerbygda, where the eskimo lived, can't be the only survivors:
Ogmund, bishop of Iceland, that went from Bergen, Norway on the 13th of June 1522 with 11 men, was driven to the south point on Greenland during a storm. They saw people on Herjulfsnes, but didn't dare to get on land. They were probably afraid of pirating.
A man called John Greenlanding, because he had driven to Greenland three times on his journies to Iceland (from Norway) have told that he once followed a ship from Hamburg. They entered a silent and deep fjord, with many islands and settlements that still remained there. They avoided also meeting people, but entered a small island with several houses for fishing and a stone house for drying fish - just like what was common in Iceland. They found a man laying face down. On his head he had a nice sewn hood. His clothing was partly of frieze (vadmel) and sealskin. At his side was a bent and much used knife. They brought back the knife as a memory. This story was from the 1530-40.
When the german Gert Mestermacher wisited the Greenlandic coast in 1542, there was no life to be seen there.
A good map which Diogo Homem (the son's son from the Homem expedition in 1473) draw in 1558 has the following inscrition on Greenland: "Desertibusoz Terra Agricule." Homem isn't easy to translate due to his difficult latin, but the thranslation seems to be "the abandoned farmland". Simpler can't the Greenlandic enigma be explained. There wasn't any slaves (for the Portugese landlords) left to get there.