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Instant-runoff voting (IRV), also known as the alternative vote (AV), is a voting system used to elect one winner from a pool of candidates using preferential voting. Voters rank candidates in order of preference, and their votes are initially allocated to their first choice candidate. If after this initial count no candidate has a majority of votes cast, the candidate with the fewest votes is eliminated and votes for that candidate are redistributed according to the voters' second preferences. This process continues until one candidate receives more than half of all votes cast, at which point that candidate is declared the winner.
Instant runoff voting is used to elect members of the Australian House of Representatives, the President of India, members of legislative councils in India, the President of Ireland, the national parliament of Papua New Guinea, and the House of Representatives of Fiji. It is also used in Irish by-elections and for electing hereditary peers for the British House of Lords.
IRV is employed by several jurisdictions in the United States, including Portland, Maine; San Francisco, California; Oakland, California; Minneapolis, Minnesota; and Saint Paul, Minnesota. It is used to elect the leaders of the Labour Party and the Liberal Democrats in the United Kingdom and the leader of the Liberal Party of Canada in a national primary and in the elections of city mayors in a number of countries including the UK (in the variant known as supplementary vote) and New Zealand.
Originally posted by AnteBellum
Instant runoff voting is used to elect members of the Australian House of Representatives
Originally posted by arriana
We in the UK have had a referendum on this exact idea this month and it was rejected. I think the general consensus was that it would give the more distasteful parties, like the BNP more votes.
A candidate with only one real focus (ie immigration) could get a lot of votes with the AV system, then your stuck with a lame government in every other issue. Also, I know the system here is different but, here the AV would have given us a lot more hung parliaments, which means more backroom deals to get the prime minister (we dont vote for him, the party with the most seats chooses)