posted on Aug, 2 2004 @ 08:13 PM
I conducted a www.abovetopsecret.com...
" target="_blank" class="postlink" rel="nofollow">search and could not find any discussion about
the nature of the Stock Market.
There have been many threads around here lately about the economic situation:
Conditions Ripe for Recession/Depression?
United States…Third World Country
Terrorist Threat or Market Crash?
Bush killing US financially - heading for $8 trillion debt
Time to dump stocks?
Does Homeland Security have a duty to Investment Security? (Black Monday)
Here is my humble (and non-expert) attempt to explain how I understand the stock market and its role in our economy.
The stock market is not a PRIMARY market it is a SECONDARY market. Basically whenever a business “goes public” via an Initial Public Offering (IPO) it
issues a bunch of shares for a fixed price.
The Underwriters buy the IPO then sell it to the broader market, but the company does not get any more money whether or not the stock price goes up.
It is the brokerage houses that make the money as well as the original underwriter. For example Company X has an IPO of 1 million shares priced at $50
per share. The underwriters buy the IPO for $50 million then sell to the market. If that first day the price goes to $100 per share the company does
not see a single cent of the “extra” $50 profit. They “make” $50 Million but are suddenly “worth” $100 million.
So from the company’s point of view the issuance of stock is a one-time transaction. Having their stock listed on an exchange or “INDEX” lets the
“market” evaluate their performance and provides a reference for credit ratings and future stock offerings. For example some companies are said to be
“worth” x-millions of dollars based on market capitalization but their assets may be significantly less. Furthermore, if the price of a stock goes up
(or down) there is no change in a company’s balance sheet; the money is made by the secondary market who rely largely on speculation and forecasting.
Therefore, the entire stock market is built on confidence.
Mutual funds and such would fall into a tertiary market whereby people can participate by buying a share of a broader portfolio but without owning
actual stock. Derivatives are a mystery to me!
So if the stock market is simply a mechanism of valuation put in place and supported by speculators (i.e. people who hope the price will go up AND
that they will eventually find another buyer/speculator) then why is it so important to follow every up and down tick on a daily basis. Oh it’ up! Oh
it’s down! Oh it’s up! Oh it’s down!
Bottom line is that the Stock Market is NOT the Economy!
As you can see I have a more global view than a technical one. I would like other people’s input (especially any experts who may be on ATS) into who
has control (the FED, the SEC?) and how it works. And why it is so darned important when it does not represent a primary market.