Lol this thread is 'history for dummies.'
Look...if you were on the normal kids track in school, you probably just skipped it because there's a lot to cover and normal track kids won't do
much of the assigned reading anyway, so you just can't cover very much.
If you were on a college prep track and took AP history courses or whatever, you know about this.
The imperialism happened before the so called 'imperialistic invasion' in the OP.
The "invasion" itself was a justified relief expedition to save people trapped in besieged embassies.
It was anything but a spontaneous uprising. Their Empress made it happen. The whole thing was stupid. It didn't solve anything and got a lot of
people killed. But to set the 'Boxers' (we'd call them martial artists today) on all the foreigners was the basic plan. It started with gangs
attacking random foreign people in the streets and abusing and/or killing them, and culminates in crowds surrounding the embassies.
Every country freaks out when their embassies are attacked because they are supposed to be sovereign territory by agreement. Respect for that
principle is a fundamental part of the foundation for international diplomacy.
So obscure, so covered up...
...that you can watch an academy award nominated hit movie about it from 1963 starring Charlton Heston, Eva Gardner(Frank Sinatra's girlfriend), and
David Niven. "55 Days at Peking"
The Opium wars are indeed a nasty piece of work.
Mostly, the UK were the ones reaping the benefits, but the Opium trade did make some Americans very very wealthy as well.
In particular, Russell and Company left a ton of money to Yale. Oh and an heir to the 'Russell Trust' (aka all that money in a legally protected
form) founded a little club there called the Skull and Bones. Dun dun DUNNNNN!!!!
The Chinese government was corrupt and complicit while publicly blaming foreigners.
The fact is, there were Chinese people who saw the obvious solution, advocated it, and were marginalized by their own people.
The solution was Chinese legalization of the opium trade, which would crash the inflated black market price of opium and thus the economic damage
would be minimized as very little money would leave the country.
After all, that much was under Chinese control, wasn't it?
The same ridiculous arguments that kept alcohol prohibition going for so long in the US, and which keep world wide drug prohibition in general going
today were used.