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Cocoa exports stopped in January when the internationally-recognized winner of the country's presidential vote called for a boycott to force the incumbent government to hand over power.
Then-president Laurent Gbagbo vowed to keep those exports going, but cocoa prices spiked to near 30-year highs when domestic traders and foreign buyers were near unanimous in abiding by the ban announced by former prime minister Alassane Ouattara.
The goal of the genome project is not to genetically engineer chocolate. Rather it's to improve the traditional method of breeding trees, a laborious, trial-and-error process in which researchers try to isolate the sweetest traits and replicate them. That can take as long as 15 years to complete.www.washingtonpost.com...
The candy maker Mars is expected to announce on Wednesday that a project it financed has essentially completed the raw sequence of the genome of the cacao tree, and that it would make the data freely available to researchers.
The researchers identified 28,798 genes in the chocolate tree, including two kinds that help defend against disease
Around three quarters of the world's cacao bean production takes place in West Africa.
Cacao has been cultivated for at least three millennium in Mexico, Central and South America, with its earliest documented use around 1100 BC. The majority of the Mesoamerican people made chocolate beverages, including the Aztecs
The Maya civilization grew cacao trees in their backyards
Until the 16th century, no European had ever heard of (cacao)
Perhaps the most cited explanation (for the word) "chocolate" comes from Nahuatl, the language of the Aztecs
Cocoa solids contain alkaloids... which.. link to serotonin levels in the brain.
Military chocolate has been a part of standard United States military ration since the original Ration D or D ration bar of 1937. Today, military chocolate is issued to troops as part of basic field rations and sundry packs. Chocolate rations served two purposes: as a morale boost, and as a high-energy, pocket-sized emergency ration. Military chocolate rations are often made in special lots to military specifications for weight, size, and endurance. The majority of chocolate issued to military personnel is produced by the Hershey Company.