posted on Jul, 31 2004 @ 05:41 PM
Few issues are as provocative and as poorly understood as biological differences among the races. So loaded are statements suggesting racial
superiority or inferiority that, for the most part, an anxious hush surrounds the topic.
Entine has put together a well-researched, relatively thorough and lucidly written case, arguing that in many sports—particularly basketball,
football, and track and field—athletes of African descent show a competitive advantage
he asserts that "there is extensive and persuasive research that elite black athletes have a phenotypic advantage—a distinctive skeletal system and
musculature, metabolic structures, and other characteristics forged over tens of thousands of years of evolution. While people of African descent have
spent most of their evolutionary history near to where they originated, the rest of the world's populations have had to modify their African
adaptations after migrating to far different regions and climates."
Ultimately, the verdict is still out as to whether natural talent or hard work and determination account primarily for athletic prowess. The most
probable answer is that they are inextricably linked. Rather than nature or nurture, the answer most likely lies in an interaction between the two.
Entine's proposed biocultural theory offers an attractive explanation, suggesting that cultural conditions can amplify small but meaningful
differences in performance related to heredity. Thus, inherited physiological differences may prove meaningless without rigorous training