In documents filed with the UN Special Commission 18 July 1991, Iraq admitted possessing a gun with a barrel 350 millimeters wide and 45 meters long
and that it was building a second one. The commission noted that the gun would have been inaccurate for conventional armaments, and that it was trying
to determine if the weapon was intended for chemical, biological, or nuclear use. The superguns were potentially capable of firing chemical,
biological and nuclear weapons to a range of up to 1,000 km.
The high-ranking Iraqi defector Gen. Hussein Kamel al-Majeed said Iraq was working on a space weapon launched from the supergun. "It was meant for
long-range attack and also to blind spy satellites. Our scientists were seriously working on that. It was designed to explode a shell in space that
would have sprayed a sticky material on the satellite and blinded it." He also said the supergun could have delivered a nuclear device. Following
the Gulf War UN teams destroyed one 350 mm. supergun, components of a 1000 mm. supergun, and supergun propellant.
Iraq used the petrochemical complex two (PC-2) project as a front to purchase components for Gerald Bull's super gun. Matrix Churchill was a long
established Midlands based machine tool manufacturer which was purchased in 1987 by an Iraqi controlled company, TMG Engineering Ltd, which was in
turn controlled by another Iraqi controlled company, Technology and Development Group Ltd (TDG). The military uses of Matrix-Churchill machines are
the prime reason Iraq was interested in purchasing the company. Acquiring Matrix-Churchill gave Iraq access, not only to the machine tools, but also
the computer programming, tooling, and other components needed to make a wide variety of munitions as well as other applications in aerospace and
nuclear industries. The Iraqi NASSR Establishment for Mechanical Industries contracted with the company for the supply of machine tools for a project,
code named "ABA", to manufacture parts for multi launcher rocket systems. In addition, supergun components were fabricated in separate parts by
factories in England, Spain, Holland and Switzerland. Acting on an anonymous tip, British Customs seized the final eight sections of the Super Gun in
November 1990. The work skirted the law but remained legal, as illustrated by Britain's unsuccessful prosecution of the case, following the joint
British-American sting operation that uncovered key supergun equipment transfers.
Brussels Home to Iraqi Super-Gun
Few people remember the late Gerald Bull. By all accounts he was a brilliant physicist. His dream was a joint U.S./Canadian project called HARP (High
Altitude Research Program). Bull believed he could build a super gun capable of launching projectiles a 1000 km (surface-to-surface) or rocket
assisted projectiles into space. The United States pooh-poohed his ideas (much to their peril) and Gerald Bull ended up working for Saddam Hussein in
1981. He built 300, extremely effect 155mm howitzer artillery pieces for the Iraqis to be used against the Iranians during the Iraq/Iran war. He also
worked on something called Project Babylon.
Project Babylon was the gun no one believed he could build. Baby Babylon was the prototype: 45 meters long with a bore measuring 350mm (by far the
largest conventional cannon ever created). The Babylon gun was designed to be 156 meters long with a bore size of 1000mm. It would be capable of
launching 650kg payload at any regional target in the Middle East. Considering Saddamís penchant for weapons of mass destruction, the payloads might
contain anything from Anthrax to radioactive waste to a fully developed nuclear weapon.
Saddam turned to Belgium before the Gulf War in an attempt to improve his Scud missiles and to create a weapon never seen before in any military
arsenal. Iraq contracted Canadian Dr. Gerald Bull to build a super-gun, using components manufactured in the U.K., Belgium, Germany and Italy. Dr.
Bull's base of operations was Brussels, Belgium.
Belgian officials ignored repeated warnings from Iranian and Israeli intelligence officials that Dr. Bull was developing such a weapon for Saddam
Hussein. Dr. Bull also assisted Iraq by improving the accuracy and range of its existing arsenal of Scud missiles.
Bull used weak Belgian export regulations to circumvent export bans against assisting Saddam's quest for super-weapons, trans-shipping much of the
equipment for his super-gun and Scud projects through Brussels.
In the end, Bull paid for his assistance with his life. An unknown assailant assassinated him outside his Brussels apartment. The MOSSAD assassinated
Gerald Bull on March 22, 1990. Despite the fact that British customs seized finished components for the Bullís super gun, American intelligence
continued to discount the stories. That was until they found Baby Babylon in the Iraqi desert after the Gulf War.
So what does Gerald Bull have to do with today?
The Israelis have strenuously suggested Saddam might have developed a delivery systemóan intercontinental delivery system for his Anthrax and
plutonium weapons. Israel claims Saddam is no longer simply interested in hitting Tel Aviv or Jerusalem, but his aims have crossed the Atlantic and he
is gunning for New York and Washington D.C.