I wrote a paper for school, about the MIC, I just wanted to share it with all of you guys. I hope you enjoy it.
Military Industrial Complex
President Eisenhower, born October 14, 1890, died on March 28, 1969. President Eisenhower was appointed to Five Star General in 1942, and was the
Allied Supreme Commander for the troops invading France, during the Second World War. In 1952, President Eisenhower entered the presidential election
and won, against Senator Stevenson. President Eisenhower also allowed two new states into the union: Hawaii and Alaska. In 1954, with the decision
of the Brown v. the board of education, the Supreme Court ruled all the states that had segregated schools were unconstitutional. In 1957, Arkansas
refused to adhere to the Supreme Court Decision, of desegregation. President Eisenhower placed Arkansas National Guard under federal control and
escorted nine black students to Little Rock Central High School: an all-white school. After serving two terms as President, Dwight D. Eisenhower gave
his farewell speech to the people in the United States of America.
One of the most important parts of the speech was” In the councils of government, we must guard against the acquisition of unwarranted influence,
whether sought or unsought, by the military industrial complex. The potential for the disastrous rise of misplaced power exists and will persist.”
The Military Industrial Complex is by definition a concept commonly used to refer to policy relationships between governments, national armed forces,
and the industrial sector that supports them. This leads to question of the validity of the statement made by President Eisenhower. Was there really
any threat by the Military Industrial Complex to our political system as President Eisenhower suggested? Does that threat still exist in our current
political system? Throughout the following rhetorical analysis I will present you with the evidence that what President Eisenhower spoke of was true
and it still continues to be a major problem for the American People today .
In the spring of 1953, President Eisenhower gave his Chance of Peace Speech which was directly pointed towards the Soviet government of Russia.
Within the speech was a passage which directly correlated with his farewell speech, “Every gun that is made, every warship launched, every rocket
fired signifies, in the final sense, a theft from those who hunger and are not fed, those who are cold and are not clothed. This world in arms is not
spending money alone. It is spending the sweat of its laborers, the genius of its scientists, the hopes of its children. The cost of one modern heavy
bomber is this: a modern brick school in more than 30 cities. It is two electric power plants, each serving a town of 60,000 populations. It is two
fine, fully equipped hospitals. It is some 50 miles of concrete highway. We pay for a single fighter plane with a half million bushels of wheat. We
pay for a single destroyer with new homes that could have housed more than 8,000 people”. This is what leads one to believe that his farewell
speech followed in a similar fashion.
The Military Industrial Complex! Why was President Eisenhower so adamant into point to this system and exposing their ruthless nature? Also, why did
President Eisenhower explicitly say “Only an alert and knowledgeable citizenry can compel the proper meshing of the huge industrial and military
machinery of defense with our peaceful methods and goals, so that security and liberty may prosper together”?
Throughout the 21 century we have witnessed the effect of two wars, horrendous attacks on our country and the failure of industry and their less than
noble accounting practices. We have witness banks receiving unimaginable amounts of moneys from the taxpayers. We have witnessed the same banks we
bailed out, turn around and repose the homes of millions of Americans, without pity or remorse. We have witness the mess in Detroit and our
money’s going to save them, This leads one to believe that what President Eisenhower was speaking about in his Farewell Address to the Nation has to
be true, and we must all see these patterns to understand them.
Patterns of the Military Industrial Complex can be clearly identified by a report created by “The Project for the New American Century” (P.N.A.C.)
named “Rebuilding America’s Defenses” (R.A.D.). Several key members of the PNAC include, John Bolton, Dick Cheney, Lewis Libby, Donald
Rumsfeld, and Paul Wolfowitz. All these individuals where working on RAD in 1998, during President Clinton’s Administration. In a letter to
President Clinton in 1998, PNAC stats
“We urge you to seize that opportunity, and to enunciate a new strategy that would secure the interests of the U.S. and our friends and allies
around the world. That strategy should aim, above all, at the removal of Saddam Hussein’s regime from power. We stand ready to offer our full
support in this difficult but necessary endeavor”. (PNAC Letter to President Clinton on Iraq )
“We urge you to articulate this aim, and to turn your Administration's attention to implementing a strategy for removing Saddam's regime from power.
This will require a full complement of diplomatic, political and military efforts. Although we are fully aware of the dangers and difficulties in
implementing this policy, we believe the dangers of failing to do so are far greater. We believe the U.S. has the authority under existing UN
resolutions to take the necessary steps, including military steps, to protect our vital interests in the Gulf. In any case, American policy cannot
continue to be crippled by a misguided insistence on unanimity in the UN Security Council.” (PNAC Letter to President Clinton on Iraq)
Within the RAD report contains the evidence that 1) there is a Military Industrial Complex 2) that individuals in positions of power within our
government seek to promote this system 3) The influence that these individuals have is unprecedented. Quoted from the R.A.D.
“In sum, the 1990s have been a decade of defense neglect. This leaves the next president of the United States with an enormous challenge: he must
increase military spending to preserve American geopolitical leadership”. (RAD 08)
When President Bush Jr., took office in 2001, many of his cabinet members where on the committee that wrote the RAD. John Bolton, Under-Secretary of
State for Arms Control and International Security Affairs. Dick Cheney- Vice-President. Lewis Libby, Chief of Staff to the Vice President. Donald
Rumsfeld, Secretary of Defense. Paul Wolfowitz, Deputy Secretary of Defense. As one can tell most of these positions, are of military significance.
When President Bush, published his Quadrennial Defense Review, it closely mirror that of RAD.
September 11, 2001, was an attack on the People of the United States by “terrorists”. The word “terrorist” by definition: is a radical who
employs terror as a political weapon. In the RAD report there was a paragraph stating that to accomplish the military spending required to accomplish
this “American hegemony” a “New Pearl Harbor” must happen, quoted from the RAD.“the process of transformation, even if it brings
revolutionary change, is likely to be a long one, absent some catastrophic and catalyzing event-like a new Pearl Harbor” (RAD. 51)
On September 20, 2001, nine days after the “terrorist” attacks on the twin towers. The PNAC sent a letter to President Bush. Which states;
“It may be that the Iraqi government provided assistance in some form to the recent attack on the United States. But even if evidence does not link
Iraq directly to the attack, any strategy aiming at the eradication of terrorism and its sponsors must include a determined effort to remove Saddam
Hussein from power in Iraq. Failure to undertake such an effort will constitute an early and perhaps decisive surrender in the war on international
terrorism. The United States must therefore provide full military and financial support to the Iraqi opposition. American military force should be
used to provide a “safe zone” in Iraq from which the opposition can operate. And American forces must be prepared to back up our commitment to the
Iraqi opposition by all necessary means.” (PNAC Letter to President Bush on the War on Terrorism)
During the war in Afghanistan, the nation heard a war cry from the President Bush. Within this war cry the President clearly stated there WHERE
Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) in Iraq. President Bush gave conclusive evidence that there where WMD’s, yet nine years later that seems to
fallacy of his administration. All one has to do is read the RAD to conclusively say the Military Industrial Complex is on the move.
One believes President Eisenhower main point to the American people was to deny ignorance, only an alert and knowledgeable citizenry can compel the
proper meshing of the huge industrial and military machinery of defense with our peaceful methods and goals. In the world of politics’, industry,
multinational corporations, and military, they advise us that they know the way for a better future, that they are the experts and we should embrace
ignorance rather than to eradicate it from the population. For example, Dick Cheney was the CEO of Halliburton, during the Clinton admiration. Once
President Bush took presidential Office, Cheney resigned of the CEO of Halliburton and was appointed to Vice President.
Once appointed to the office of Vice President, Dick Cheney was supposed to sever all ties to the company of Halliburton, which he stated several time
on CBS news. Yet Dick Cheney was receiving deferred compensation from the company Halliburton. Was there still a connection to Halliburton, as the
Mass Media presented? Was Dick Cheney still involved in Halliburton’s Future?
In 2003, President Bush asked congress for 489.3 million dollars to place a contact to replace and repair the oil field of Iraq. The sole contractor
that was asked was Halliburton sub-company Kellogg Brown and Root. On 2005, a report from MSNBC reported that Halliburton Quarterly profit rose to
1.1 billion dollars, Halliburton themselves reported that “2005 was the company’s best in its 86 year history”. A 7 billion dollar contract was
awarded to Halliburton to rebuild oil fields and to fight fires. This contract was awarded even before the war started. Quote from CNN Money:
“The Army issued the contract without taking other bids, that the details have not previously been made public, and that the contract was awarded
on an open-ended, "cost-plus" basis -- meaning Halliburton gets reimbursed for its costs, plus a percentage of those costs as a fee. The Army
responded that the contract was awarded to Halliburton's Kellogg Brown & Root Services unit because, before the war, it had already developed a
detailed, classified plan to help the Army put out fires and repair oil-field damage”. (CNN)
There are several lessons to be learned from the rise of Power of the Military Industrial complex President Eisenhower spoke about. I have given you
the highest levels of that influence. “In the councils of government, we must guard against the acquisition of unwarranted influence, whether
sought or unsought, by the military industrial complex. The potential for the disastrous rise of misplaced power exists and will persist.” Will you
the reader continue to deny the existence of the Military industrial Complex? Or will you the reader be one of citizen’s that is informed like
President Eisenhower spoke about. “Only an alert and knowledgeable citizenry can compel the proper meshing of the huge industrial and military
machinery of defense with our peaceful methods and goals, so that security and liberty may prosper together”
Gongloff, Mark. “Iraq rebuilding contracts awarded”. March 25, 2003. February 13, 2011
Google Timeline. “Profit history of Halliburton” n.d. February 13, 2011
Murphy, Jarrett. “Cheney Halliburton Ties Remains”. September 26, 2003. February 13 2011
Project for the New American Century. “Rebuilding America’s Defenses: Strategy, Forces and Resources for the New Century”. September 2000.
February 13, 2011.
Stockbauer, Bette. “Rebuilding America’s Defenses- A Summary” n.d. February 13, 2011
edit on 27-4-2011 by morf991 because: (no reason given)