Do we live in Binary Star System?
I have seen a lot of speculative theory surrounding the impending 2012 doomsday scenarios and the coming of Nibiru/Planet X and the destruction it
will rain down upon us and our Solar System.
Therefore, I am writing this piece in order to try and clarify the facts about;
Brown Dwarf stars.
The possibility of a companion star to our sun.
The possibility of a tenth planet.
How and IF this relates to Planet X/Nibiru and 2012 in any way.
In this article, I will drawn upon a lot of stated facts and information from already published papers which I will reference.
Brown Dwarf Stars.
Basic science tells us that the sun produces its light and heat by nuclear fusion of hydrogen into helium. This happens because large amounts of gas
were compressed under enormous amounts of pressure, generating huge temperatures, eventually kick starting the sun into life.
Brown dwarf stars are essentially stars but they share the chemical make up of large gas giants. This is because during the brown dwarfs formation,
there was not enough Stella material for the brown dwarf to become a regular star such as our sun. They key difference between a brown dwarf, low
mass star (red dwarf) and a planet such as Jupiter, is mass. Although they often appear similar in size, brown dwarfs can have up to around 80-100
times the mass of Jupiter.
Red or Brown? A red dwarf is not the same as a Brown Dwarf. A red dwarf is formed when a star like the sun runs out of fuel. It contracts
enormously under its own weight to form a Red Dwarf. Red dwarfs are very common throughout the galaxy and it's believed that Brown dwarfs are also
just as common.
Are the Visible? Yes, and No. A brown dwarf is much like the dying embers of a fire. As they have no central heat source, they spend their entire
lives cooling and turning more and more red. This makes them nearly impossible to see in the visible spectrum. For that reason, we need to turn to
Infra-Red. The NASA mission WISE was tasked with scanning the entire sky in infra-red and it has just released preliminary data from the WISE survey.
You can check out the results at the WISE
website. Eventually, the data from WISE will reveal just how
abundant Brown Dwarfs are.
At the moment we believe that brown dwarfs are as prevalent as Stars. Because Brown Dwarfs are so common, it is likely that the closest “star” to
the sun is not Proxima Centauri but some hitherto undiscovered brown dwarf that will be images successfully for the first time by WISE. -
Ned Wright, professor of astronomy and physics at UCLA and the principal investigator for the WISE mission, said that WISE will easily see an object
with a mass a few times that of Jupiter and located 25000AU away. “this is because Jupiter is self-luminous like a brown dwarf” said Wright.
Size comparison of our Sun, a low mass star, a brown dwarf, Jupiter, and Earth. Stars with less mass than the Sun are smaller and cooler, and hence
much fainter in visible light. Brown dwarfs have less than eight percent of the mass of the Sun, which is not enough to sustain the fusion reaction
that keeps the Sun hot. These cool orbs are nearly impossible to see in visible light, but stand out when viewed in infra-red. Their diameters are
about the same as Jupiter's, but they can have up to 80 times more mass and are thought to have planetary systems of their own.
Image credit: NASA
Lifted from: www.astrobio.net...
The possibility of a companion star to our sun?
As a single star, our Sun is in a minority: more than half the stars in the sky have at least one companion in space. David Levy: Skywatching ISBN
That quote comes from a book called Skywatching by David Levey, co-discover of the Shoe-maker Levey comet, published in the 90's. Since then we have
gone too observe the number of Brown Dwarfs and and other stars increase throughout the galaxy.
Most systems with stars like our sun – so called class G stars – possess companions. Only a third are single-star systems like our solar system.
As is clearly stated, the number of stars with companion stars outnumber single star systems by almost 3:1. If we truly are a single star system then
we are in a minority.
When one thinks of a binary or even a tertiary star system, you might think of Tatooine from Star Wars. It is clearly obvious that we do not have this
kind of star system yet it is probably the most common type of star system. Known as eclipsing binaries, This is a system that is held so closely
together that the companion stars orbit each other in days or even hours.
Credit: CHRIS BUTLER / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
An eclipsing binary star system.
Other binary systems will be made up of stars locked in an embrace by gravity that only sees the two stars come close to each other once in a very
long time. If we have a binary or companion star, it is most likely that it is type of binary system we reside in, with the companion star yet to be
How likely is this?
Good question. So far, there hasn't been any proof that one exists. The first mention of a companion star goes back to the idea of Nemesis. Proposed
by the scientific community in 1984. Astronomers Whitemere and Jackson, and Davis, Hut and Miller hypothesised that a large unseen star dubbed
Nemesis was around 1.5 light years away and occasionally passed through the Oort cloud, sending comets raining into the inner solar system. This was
used to back up an idea by two palaeontologists that Earth had faced extinction level events every 26 million years. Independent attempts to verify
this claim at the time proved fruitless.
This idea has been revisted however.
John Matese, Emeritus Professor of Physics and the University of Louisiana put forward a different idea.
the comets in the inner solar system seem to come from the same region of the Oort cloud, and Matese thinks the gravitational influence of a solar
companion is disrupting that part of the cloud, scattering comets in it's wake. His calculations suggest Nemesis is between 3 to 5 times the mass of
Jupiter, rather than the 13 Jupiter masses or greater that some scientists think is a necessary quality for a brown dwarf. Even at this smaller mass,
however, many astronomers would still classify it as a low mass star rather than a planet, since the circumstances of birth for stars and planets
Still, other astronomers recently found that if nemesis did exist, it's orbit could not be nearly as stable as claimed. Now researchers point to
evidence that our sun might have a different sort of companion.
This now leads me onto the next topic of this article.
The possibility of a Tenth Planet?
To avoid confusion with the Nemesis model, astrophysicists John Matese and Deniel Whitmire at the university of Louisiana at the Lafayette dub the
conjectured object “Tyche”... a name proposed by scientists working on NASA's WISE space telescope.
Conjecture puts this possible planetary body around 30000 AU away from the sun. If it does it exist, it would be super cold at minus 100 degrees
Fahrenheit which is why it has gone unnoticed for so long.
Strong evidence is supporting this theory with the discoverer of the dwarf planet Sedna noting that the planet has an unusually elongated orbit
ranging between 76 and 975 AU. The orbit is estimated to last between 10.5 to 12 thousand years.
Sednas discover Mike Brown from Caltech, made his comments in an issue of
“Sedna shouldn't be there” said brown “ There's no way to put Sedna where it is. It never comes close enough to be affected by the sun, but
never goes far enough away from the sun to be affected by other stars. www.astrobio.net...
The article does not make mention of any possibility of Nemesis or Tyche so it is not possible to get an idea of what Mike Brown's theory on the
However, This coupled with the evidence of comets arriving in the inner solar system from a particular point in the Oort cloud, it would suggest that
there is something out there waiting to be discovered. What that something is is still up for debate. With the results from the WISE mission expected
between 2012 and 2013, it is predicted with a strong chance of success that the WISE telescope will have finally solved this riddle once and for
Diagram showing the position of the Oort Cloud.
CREDIT: Southwest Research Institute
Finally, How and IF this relates to Planet X/Nibiru and 2012 in any way.
I have read much speculation about 2012 and the coming of planet Nibiru and the proposed doomsday scenario. I'm not going to list what materials I
have seen as there is a vast number of materials on Youtube and the wider internet.
Instead, I will try to point out some facts about what would happen if this scenario was actually taking place.
First, the proposed idea that a brown dwarf with planets orbiting it (including Nibiru) are approaching the inner solar system.
Yes brown dwarfs can have planetary bodies but being that we are so close to the 2012 date, I imagine that this brown dwarf star would have been
spotted by now. We would also have noticed it's effects on all the other planets, moons, satellites and as far as we can see, nothing has affected
the normal ebb and flow of these objects within out solar system.
It can't be a dark star that doesn't emit light as all stars and planets, no matter how hot or cold emit light in the form of radiation, be it
infra-red, ultra violet etc.
What about pole shift? Pole shift or flip has occurred in the past and will happen at some point in the future. It happens every 11 years on the sun.
There is no reason, to my knowledge,why this would cause earth crust displacement. The biggest concern would be over satellites, GPS and other
I will not make mention of prophecies from ancient cultures of the past as it is can not be proved or disproved conclusively or interpreted with 100
accuracy. These prophecies are speculative at best and while many may wish to consider them in depth, I am writing this paper from a purely
It is possible that our solar system has a brown dwarf or other low mass companion star or a 10th planet. Time will only tell. I have so far not been
presented with any evidence that this extra solar body exists or that we are facing impending doom in 2012.
I have tried to present this article in a factual and scientific light.
David Levy: Skywatching ISBN 0002200287 COLLINS