Sir Isaac Newton, Source Wikipedia.
- Sir Isaac Newton PRS (4 January 1643 – 31 March 1727 [OS: 25 December 1642 – 20 March 1727]) was an English physicist, mathematician,
astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist, and theologian. His Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica (Latin for "Mathematical Principles of
Natural Philosophy"; usually called the Principia), published in 1687, is one of the most important scientific books ever written. It lays the
groundwork for most of classical mechanics. In this work, Newton described universal gravitation and the three laws of motion, which dominated the
scientific view of the physical universe for the next three centuries. Newton showed that the motions of objects on Earth and of celestial bodies are
governed by the same set of natural laws, by demonstrating the consistency between Kepler's laws of planetary motion and his theory of gravitation;
thus removing the last doubts about heliocentrism and advancing the Scientific Revolution.
-Newton built the first practical reflecting telescope and developed a theory of colour based on the observation that a prism decomposes white
light into the many colours that form the visible spectrum. He also formulated an empirical law of cooling and studied the speed of sound.
-In mathematics, Newton shares the credit with Gottfried Leibniz for the development of differential and integral calculus. He also demonstrated
the generalised binomial theorem, developed Newton's method for approximating the roots of a function, and contributed to the study of power
-Newton was also highly religious. He was an unorthodox Christian, and during his lifetime actually wrote more on Biblical hermeneutics and
occult studies than on science and mathematics, the subjects he is mainly associated with.
-Newton is considered by many scholars and members of the general public to be one of the most influential people in human history.
Sir Isaac Newton Occult Studies, Source Wikipedia.
-Sir Isaac Newton (1642 – 1727), the noted English scientist and mathematician, wrote many works that would now be classified as occult
-These occult works explored chronology, alchemy, and Biblical interpretation (especially of the Apocalypse).
-Newton's scientific work may have been of lesser personal importance to him, as he placed emphasis on rediscovering the occult wisdom of the
ancients. In this sense, some have commented that the common reference a "Newtonian Worldview" as being purely mechanistic is somewhat inaccurate.
After purchasing and studying Newton's alchemical works in 1942, economist John Maynard Keynes, for example, opined that "Newton was not the first
of the age of reason, he was the last of the magicians."
-Much of Newton's writing on alchemy may have been lost in a fire in his laboratory, so the true extent of his work in this area may have been
larger than is currently known. Newton also suffered a nervous breakdown during his period of alchemical work, which is thought by some to have
resulted from the psychological transformation alchemy was originally designed to induce, though there is also speculation that it may have been some
form of chemical poisoning (possibly from mercury, lead, or some other substance).
-Newton's writings suggest that one of the main goals of his alchemy may have been the discovery of The Philosopher's Stone (a material
believed to turn base metals into gold), and perhaps to a lesser extent, the discovery of the highly coveted Elixir of Life. Newton reportedly
believed that a Diana's Tree, an alchemical demonstration producing a dendritic "growth" of silver from solution, to be evidence that metals
"possessed a sort of life.
-Newton studied and wrote extensively upon the Temple of Solomon, dedicating an entire chapter of "The Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms" to his
observations regarding the temple. Newton's primary source for information was the description of the structure given within 1 Kings of the Hebrew
Bible, which he translated himself from the original Hebrew.
-In addition to scripture, Newton also relied upon various ancient and contemporary sources while studying the temple. He believed that many
ancient sources were endowed with sacred wisdom and that the proportions of many of their temples were in themselves sacred. This belief would lead
Newton to examine many architectural works of Hellenistic Greece, as well as Roman sources such as Vitruvius, in a search for their occult knowledge.
This concept, often termed "prisca sapientia" (sacred wisdom), was a common belief of many scholars during Newton's lifetime.
-A more contemporary source for Newton's studies of the temple was Juan Bautista Villalpando, who just a few decades earlier had published an
influential manuscript entitled, "Ezechielem Explanationes", in which Villalpando comments on the visions of the biblical prophet Ezekiel, including
within this work his own interpretations and elaborate reconstructions of Solomon's Temple. In its time, Villalpando's work on the temple produced a
great deal of interest throughout Europe and had a significant impact upon later architects and scholars.
-As a Bible scholar, Newton was initially interested in the sacred geometry of Solomon's Temple, such as golden sections, conic sections,
spirals, orthographic projection, and other harmonious constructions, but he also believed that the dimensions and proportions represented more. He
noted that the temple's measurements given in the Bible are mathematical problems, related to solutions for π and the volume of a hemisphere, V = (2
/ 3)πr3, and in a larger sense that they were references to the size of the Earth and man's place and proportion to it.
-Newton believed that the temple was designed by King Solomon with privileged eyes and divine guidance. To Newton, the geometry of the temple
represented more than a mathematical blueprint, it also provided a time-frame chronology of Hebrew history. It was for this reason that he
included a chapter devoted to the temple within "The Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms", a section which initially may seem unrelated to the historical
nature of the book as a whole.
-Newton felt that just as the writings of ancient philosophers, scholars, and Biblical figures contained within them unknown sacred wisdom, the
same was true of their architecture. He believed that these men had hidden their knowledge in a complex code of symbolic and mathematical language
that, when deciphered, would reveal an unknown knowledge of how nature works.
-In 1675 Newton annotated a copy of "Manna - a disquisition of the nature of alchemy", an anonymous treatise which had been given to him by his
fellow scholar Ezekiel Foxcroft. In his annotation Newton reflected upon his reasons for examining Solomon's Temple by writing:
“ This philosophy, both speculative and active, is not only to be found in the volume of nature, but also in the sacred scriptures, as in Genesis,
Job, Psalms, Isaiah and others. In the knowledge of this philosophy, God made Solomon the greatest philosopher in the world. ”
-During Newton's lifetime, there was great interest in the Temple of Solomon in Europe, due to the success of Villalpando's publications, and
augmented by a vogue for detailed engravings and physical models presented in various galleries for public viewing. In 1628, Judah Leon Templo
produced a model of the temple and surrounding Jerusalem, which was popular in its day. Around 1692, Gerhard Schott produced a highly detailed model
of the temple for use in an opera in Hamburg composed by Christian Heinrich Postel. This immense 13-foot-high (4.0 m) and 80-foot-around (24 m) model
was later sold in 1725 and was exhibited in London as early as 1723, and then later temporarily installed at the London Royal Exchange from
1729–1730, where it could be viewed for half-a-crown. Sir Isaac Newton's most comprehensive work on the temple, found within "The Chronology of
Ancient Kingdoms", was published posthumously in 1728, only adding to the public interest in the temple.
Must Read, Source Wikipedia.
The Chronology Of Ancient Kingdoms, Chap. V. A Description of the Temple of Solomon
The Secrets of Solomon’s Temple Revealed, Summary.