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"An earthquake could hit the Tokyo metropolitan area with its focus directly below the city. We'll have to observe the situation carefully," Yamaoka added.
As powerful earthquakes continue to jolt Japan and radiation levels near Tokyo are rising, the Asian country's authorities are considering moving the capital to another city.
The most probable location for a new capital are Osaka and Nagoya, according to ITAR-TASS. Both cities are located near international airports.
The main conditions the new capital has to provide are a population over 50 000 and a sufficient capacity to accommodate the parliament, the government, the Emperor's residency and the foreign diplomatic missions.
According to experts, should a 7.2 magnitude earthquake shake Tokyo, the casualties will be around 11 000, some 210 000 will be injured and the material damage will be worth about USD 1 B
Originally posted by jadedANDcynical
I see that it is a good bit south of the intersection of the faults originally in question.
That earthquake and tsunami flooded the reactor buildings. There are 6 reactors at the Fukushima number one plant, and there are 4 more at the Fukushima number two plant. The reactors are general electric reactors, they have Siemens controllers, Siemens is a German company that run all of the reactors and open and close valves and pump water and just keep that whole thing operating.
And 90 minutes after the cooling stops in the cooling ponds that are on top of the reactors, there are 7 cooling ponds at Fukushima with 6 of them on top of the reactors, and there are 600 000 spent fuel rods from 40 years of operating those reactors. A spent fuel rod weighs about 1200 pounds, it has over 1 300 isotopes in it, and it is exactly what is produced when a nuclear bomb explodes.
90 minutes after cooling stops in a nuclear power plant the reactors go into meltdown.
Now after the accident, the cooling systems did not work for almost 24 hours. They couldn't get the backup systems to work. The pump for the cooling systems that operate normally is down close to the ocean, its right on the beach. So that got flooded and destroyed by the tsunami.
The first backup system is diesel and that's in the basement underneath the reactor, and after a 30 to 35 foot wave went over that building it flooded that system.
Then there was the battery backup system. They couldn't get that to work.
So almost 24 hours after the earthquake they still did not have cooling in those reactors, so they were actually in advanced stages of meltdown
In September, Tepco secretly put Mox fuel in unit number 3. (The news reported that there was plutonium in all the reactors, at one point, so in reality this is all of them, not just 3). Mox fuel is mixed uranium and oxide. It's extremely dangerous, its very hazardous when it escapes into the environment and its very hot and hard to control. That was unit number 3 which was the second one that blew up.
Thats the plutonium and uranium oxide and spent fuel rod, destruidas and dust and smoke. (the mushroom cloud) and that has now contaminated the whole northern hemisphere.
This is the control room. There are the emergency responders in not very effective protective gear, they really should have airtanks and complete covered and enclosed suits on them. But they don't. Its so radioactive in that plant that everyone who has worked there is going to die of radiation poisoning. This is what I call Japan's kamikaze emergency responders. And they're being paid, 5000 dollars a day to work there until they die.
The scam of it all is that General Electric, I believe, has been directing Tepco on the emergency response. Like 9/11. Like Hurricane Katrina. Like the BP disaster in the Gulf. And now Fukushima. The regulatory agencies have stayed back. The politicians have stayed back. The Tepco officials have stayed back. The international agencies have stayed back.
So Tepco has been running that the whole time. They do not have the technical ability to make the correct decisions to respond to this disaster.
Around 30 00: And the tip off was when Hillary Clinton announced as secretary of state four or five days after the disaster that she was shipping a plane load of Boron to Fukushima, and that is what they should have used on the first day because it was already in meltdown, and Boron is what you dump on nuclear materials that are going into a runaway fission process because it absorbs the neutrons and stops the fissioning.
So she announced that she was sending a plane load of Boron to Fukushima and immediately within a couple of hours, there was a denial in the press, in the mainstream US media that Boron was going or that we were even sending anything.
So, that was a tip off right there that someone else was running that emergency response and that they were not running it to end the disaster. They were prolonging it!
So they had a total disaster. By this time the rods had melted through the bottom of the reactors. The reactors and the molten fuel were melting through the bottom of the plant. And they are now down in the soil headed for the ground water. Theres no way to stop it now. Unless you tunnel under that reactor fuel that is moving down and pack Boron under there.
And finally, not very long ago, maybe a week ago, the US Government urgently requested that Japan stop using Salt Water to cool the reactors because the Salt builds up in the pipes, it builds up inside the reactor and it absolutely makes the disaster worse because it impedes the flow of water thats cooling what they're trying to cool.
Its completely insane.
Now what happened is that they put the Mox Fuel in unit 3 in September. In October the Japanese Government discovered that 63 computers in Japan had been infected with the Stux Net computer virus. The Stux Net computer virus was written by the CIA and the Mossad (national intelligence agency of Israel) to be inserted with a flash drive into a computer system inside power plants that use Siemens controllers (how ironic and ever so specific) because Power Plants are offgrid and offline, and that is to protect them from terrorist events.
One month before this disaster and Israeli security team had just finished installing a new security system and they must have been the ones that put the Stux Net virus into the Fukushima operating system. And thats why they couldn't get any of the back up systems working after the earthquake and tsunami.
Stuxnet is a Windows computer worm discovered in July 2010 that targets industrial software and equipment. While it is not the first time that hackers have targeted industrial systems it is the first discovered malware that spies on and subverts industrial systems, and the first to include a programmable logic controller (PLC) rootkit
The worm initially spreads indiscriminately, but includes a highly specialized malware payload that is designed to target only Siemens Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems that are configured to control and monitor specific industrial processes[ Stuxnet infects PLCs by subverting the Step-7 software application that is used to reprogram these devices.
The Stux Net Virus was also used 6 months ago in Iran at the Beuscher Centrifuge Facility where they enriched uranium to make nuclear fuel for their nuclear power plants.
It hides in a computer system and is programmed to go off at a certain time. So in the Beuscher Plant all of the controllers and workers were sitting in the control room and all the dials said everything was operating normally and everything was just fine, but in the room where the centrifugians were that virus made those centrifugians go faster and faster accelerating till they just flew apart.
So that virus destroyed half of the centrifuges in that Beuscher Facility. It was like 400 or 450.
This is one of the buildings. This is the mox one. It had the biggest explosions. And you can see that its highly unlikely that cooling ponds on top of the reactor are even there and its pretty realistic to imagine they could never get that cooling system working. It looks pretty destroyed to me.
This is hard to see, but its a good summary of what happened on each day. The power output and so forth and so on.
So you can see that unit # 1 is the one to the right and it blew up on March 12. Unit # 2 blew up March 15. Unit # 3 which is the Mox Unit (they all were) blew up on March 14 and Unit # 4 blew up on March 15 and they hardly even reported that the 4th one blew up.
And they kept putting out in the news, Japan and here, that they were working hard to try and save the reactors, but its so obvious there was nothing to save, so what they were really doing was delaying making critical decisions about using Boron to stop the fissioning and then cementing over these plants, and what they were doing was accelerating the emission and creation of more problems with more melting and it gave the reactors time and the molten fuel to leak down into the ground.
For Jean Paul Ampuero, assistant professor of seismology at Caltech's Seismological Laboratory who studies earthquake dynamics, the most significant finding was that high- and low-frequency seismic waves can come from different areas of a fault. "The high-frequency seismic waves in the Tohoku earthquake were generated much closer to the coast, away from the area of the slip where we saw low-frequency waves," he says.
Simons says there are two factors controlling this behavior; one is because the largest amount of stress (which is what generates the highest-frequency waves) was found at the edges of the slip, not near the center of where the fault began to break. He compares the finding to what happens when you rip a piece of paper in half. "The highest amounts of stress aren't found where the paper has just ripped, but rather right where the paper has not yet been torn," he explains. "We had previously thought high-frequency energy was an indicator of fault slippage, but it didn't correlate in our models of this event." Equally important is how the fault reacts to these stress concentrations; it appears that only the deeper segments of the fault respond to these stresses by producing high-frequency energy.
For seismologist Hiroo Kanamori, Caltech's Smits Professor of Geophysics, Emeritus, who was in Japan at the time of the earthquake and has been studying the region for many years, the most significant finding was that a large slip occurred near the Japan Trench. While smaller earthquakes have happened in the area, it was believed that the relatively soft material of the seafloor would not support a large amount of stress. "The amount of strain associated with this large displacement is nearly five to 10 times larger than we normally see in large megathrust earthquakes," he notes. "It has been generally thought that rocks near the Japan Trench could not accommodate such a large elastic strain."
The researchers are still unsure why such a large strain was able to accumulate in this area. One possibility is that either the subducting seafloor or the upper plate (or both) have some unusual structures -- such as regions that were formerly underwater mountain ranges on the Pacific Plate -- that have now been consumed by the subduction zone and cause the plates to get stuck and build up stress.