The above is my rendition of what the nuclear industries response will be concerning safety associated with nuclear power after Fukushima.
And now a word from our sponsors.
"Concentrations of plutonium-239 and -240 in lagoon water, due to the plutonium in the lagoon sediments, have been decreasing and this trend is
expected to continue in the short term. However, they are predicted to rise slightly in a few thousand years, as plutonium is released from the test
cavities and migrates to the lagoons,"
IAEA from a report on post explosion radionuclide release.
Criminal Action Number 2) Presenting Important Data In Illogical Or Unreadable Fashion, Thereby Preventing An Honest Evaluation Of The Dangers Present
The above from the conclusion of an IAEA report is classic doublespeak. They did a study on current radionuclide release from underground explosions
in the South Pacific. Above they appear to be saying that Pu is magically disappearing from the environment. Levels are decreasing. Good news, yes?
Not really. In reality the levels of the long lived transuranics are pretty much the same, they've just found a better resting place. The heavier
particles, especially hitchhikers that have latched on to sediment, have sunk onto the lagoon floor, which one would expect.
But they don't mention that levels have increased in bottom sediments. At least not in the abstract or the conclusion section, which is what people
usually read that don't want to slog through a bunch of equations and confused thinking.
This is the typical criminally irresponsible form of lying that agencies regulating nuclear power do day in and day out. Highlight the positives and
ignore the negatives. Sometimes subtly like the above, wording things in ways to confuse, and sometimes blatantly like the billboards that tout
nuclear power as a non carbon producing energy source that is good for the planet and good for us.
That it's a plutonium, strontium, cesium, transuranic, actinide radionuclide producing energy source is left off the billboard.
Global warming is indeed a serious concern, but one that could be corrected through conservation, changing how we live, distributed power systems and
alternative energy sources.
Transuranics are pretty much forever. There is no cure. Once in the environment they will react with other substances to produce unknown chemical
bonds. Billions of different kinds of molecules that never before existed. Doing what, only God knows.
The above quote also paints a rosy picture of future plutonium contamination. In a few thousand years it gets released. Not now. Not a hundred years
from now. Only after a few thousand years will it be released. You know, like from prison. Nothing for us to worry our pretty little heads about.
A simple rule of thumb on the thousand year stuff. Plutonium and transuranics didn't exist 80 years ago. Nobody has even the slightest idea how
plutonium will react to it's surroundings, or visa versa, in the thousand year time frame. We don't know what it's doing now, let alone what it's
going to do a thousand years from now.
Another point of concern. Forget that plutonium isotopes are among the most dangerous of radioactive particles. In terms of acute toxicity alone, Pu
is many times more toxic than anthrax. If anthrax were spread throughout the countryside for hundreds of miles by someone, even if it was an accident,
the offending party would be in jail. Or at least in front of a court or tribunal. They certainly wouldn't still be in business and be given billions
of dollars in basically free money to keep going. Would they?
Oh wait a minute......capitalism......never mind.
Danger Will Robinson, Danger
This is the rest of the scenario that began with the nuclear explosion underground. As stated, after the R3 blast Fukushima was sitting on top of a
lake of highly radioactive molten material and superheated gases cooking away deep underground. I believe at this stage numerous physical processes
took place to set the stage for the next week.
A few hours after the blast the melted tunnel system cooled and formed a hard crust below the reactor buildings. This plugged up the reactions that
were creating intense heat in Lake Moltenmass and turned it into a pressure cooker.
R3 then acted somewhere between a cryptodome that was venting periodically or a fumarole. A cryptodome is a mound caused by the accumulation of
viscous magma just beneath the surface. A fumarole is a vent, usually along the flank of a volcano.
As pressure built up in Lake Moltenmass, it would blow out the cooled plug and emit intense heat, gases and smoke, and occasionally molten material.
Everything emitted was off scale radioactive.
Then the tunnel would seal again until pressure built and the next burst occurred. Sometimes it stayed open for long periods. Other times it plugged
back up instantly. In this process it created vent paths through the melted and reformed rubble mass behind the north wall of R3. By the 17th the vent
path had moved south from the north wall along the west wall 10 feet or more into the building. The capture below is of the 17th during the four
helicopter water dumps. The wind was blowing too hard from the north to allow for a successful mission, but it did show where the heat source was.
By the 21st it was now venting from the northeast corner and east wall as seen in the photo of dark smoke issuing from R3 on that day.
Intense heat was vented throughout this time period, and there is a video that shows lava type bursts from R3 as late as the 17th (analyzed later). At
the same time, the corium that had been left behind in the RPV and PCV was flash boiling the seawater coolant, adding to the steam cloud. The SFP was
only just reaching the steam production level, but would constitute the majority of emissions by the end of April.
I think there were two different types of eruptions that occurred at both R3 and R4. Explosive ones like this lava burst;
And bursts through thin skinned crust. (The following photo isn't truly representative, as the skin is on top of a bed of lava, but it does convey the
image of a thin skinned condition).
In the first 72+ hours after the nuclear explosion under R3, explosive eruptions occurred when the tunnel plugs cooled for a long enough time to seal
hard and turn the pressure cooker up. My guess is one of these explosive eruptions occurred underground around 21:00 on the 14th allowing ongoing
venting from R3.
From 21:00 until early morning on the 15th, R3 emitted massive amounts of radionuclides. Coinciding with this release the wind changed direction and
started blowing the contamination south instead of east out over the ocean. Towards millions of people who didn't know what was coming and were told
that everything was fine, nothing to worry about. Nothing at all.
I suspect that this period was the main source of vaporized plutonium release to the atmosphere, even more so than during and right after the initial
explosion. Lake Moltenmass was much hotter than a volcano. And PuO has a much lower vapor temperature than other plutonium oxides. And if the
explosion was indeed in a plutonium production room, the initial blast was muted and most of the plutonium did not fission and go bang. Instead it got
vaporized. After the blast it was a predominant tenant in the cavity gases.
If radiation trends are any indication, sometime after 3:00 on the 15th the tunnel to R3 sealed with a strong seal. At this point a great deal of
pressure built up underground. Around 6:00 Lake Moltenmass found a second avenue of escape, the tunnel system leading up to R4.
The diagram below originally depicted the underground nuclear lab in South Dakota called the Deep Underground Science and Engineering Laboratory
(DUSEL). I have stolen it because it somewhat fits Fukushima, though with a completely different scale. For illustration purposes only. The admin
building below isn't the main one for the plant, but the long building west of the R1/R2 switching yard.
Also, I am beginning to suspect there is a tunnel system connection to R6, though probably not a primary shaft as shown below. That would answer the
mysteries of both the high tritium seen in the water there, and the high discharges of numerous radionuclides into the ocean from that area. With
R5/R6 in cold shutdown, there shouldn't be high levels of tritium anywhere near there.
The above maps the explosion at R4. Except it wasn't really an explosion. I have a feeling the seismic data that INPO accessed would tell a different
story, and would show that it was a series of eruptions close together that rocked the building from below. As superheated gases under intense high
pressure broke through the final barrier (like double steel doors), the building shook violently. This bursting through is also the loud explosion
heard from within the plant at this time.
On the 15th another peculiar thing happened. Data started disappearing. And now there is little to go by as far as official word concerning the
bizarre happenings that day. One reason, of course, is that it was such a chaotic period. Evacuations were taking place everywhere around the plant
with only a skeleton crew manning essential positions.
But that doesn't abolish the fact that what was said that day by Tepco, workers on site in the morning, and government agencies with knowledge of
onsite conditions, has been removed from the web. Numerous important articles have disappeared from the web, as well as videos of the fire and smoke
from R4 and the SDF early morning flyover that day. Everything changed on the 15th. Tepco and the SDF were far too exposed and needed to start
recreating reality fast.
This is the only press release from Tepco that day that has survived to this day and that dealt with the situation at Dai-ichi.
"At approximately 6:00am, a loud explosion was heard from within the power station. Afterwards, it was confirmed that the 4th floor rooftop area of
the Unit 4 Nuclear Reactor Building had sustained damage".
"Plant conditions as well as potential outside radiation effects are currently under investigation"....."Simultaneously, the surrounding environment
is being kept under constant surveillance".
This press release is a bold faced lie. There was no serious monitoring or investigation onsite in the beginning, nor would there be until later in
the month. And monitoring didn't begin offsite until the 16th, and then only with spotty coverage by MEXT. And "constant surveillance". Oh yeah,
right. Tepco is ever vigilant. How could we have missed that.
(It should be noted at this time that on the 15th there were numerous press releases for conditions at Dai-ichi issued by Tepco. These were discussed
on forums at the time. These discussions, and notes that I took, or the only indications I can find that show these press releases ever existed).
It should also be noted that at this time NISA issued a press release that stated "It is not clear that the 6am sounds were explosions in the usual
sense". Which I always thought a funny phrase. And one of those little tidbits that begged a follow up question from the press, but never got it. You
know, like "and in what sense we're they like an explosion then, if not the usual one"? Instead the MSM robotoids sat there, took notes and waited for
the next bit of information from Tepco's forked tongue.
(Unless the url was changed, this press release has also since disappeared).
Though it wasn't really an explosion, it was an intense release of energy, hot gases and molten material that exploded through R4 and rocked the
ground for miles around. And made a big bang. And scared everyone sh!teless.
The violent shaking that accompanied the R4 eruption/explosion is the reason why panels appear shaken loose from the building while still clinging to
the rebar, as seen in the pictures below. This condition is not indicative of a gas explosion inside the reactor building as Tepco claims occurred.
The most violent shaking occurred a fraction of a second before an intense pressure wave hit the interior of the building. Crumpled debris is found on
every floor. Railings are bent multiple directions, not providing a clear indication of the source. I believe the wave broke through all three avenues
of escape at the corners at once, ie the northwest elevator shaft, the northeast stairwell and the southeast spent fuel elevator shaft.
It is also possible that the initial UC/R3 explosion had weakened the barriers from the UC into R4, allowing a small amount of volatile gases to
escape from the underground cavity and collect in R4 prior to the explosive eruption. These ignited when the super heated pressure wave hit as well,
but the shaking a second before had opened the building up to the atmosphere, and limited the effects of these gas ignitions to certain areas (ie
inner rooms where pressures could momentarily build to intense levels).
Hotter Than Hades On A Cold Winter Day
The heat signatures seen in both R3 and R4 are as mysterious as the rest of Fukushima until one considers the source being from underneath the reactor
buildings and needing to come up from around the sides of the torus. This is especially true for R4, where the only heat source would have been the
SFP. In a previous chapter we explored the two primary heat signatures at R3, the northwest and southeast corners. Those are the same primary areas
affected at R4. The other area showing heat damage at R3 is the northeast corner, similar once again to R4.
This is another area where journalists of the world dropped the ball. Look at the picture below of R4 (not to scale and rough locations). If there had
been an SFP fire, there would be melted steel above the SFP. Only there isn't. Zero. Zip. Nada. Instead you have intense heat damage to the whole
north, with the northwest corner being hardest hit, and intense heat damage to the southeast corner. Since there were two fires reported at R4 and
both were in the northwest corner, where did the heat damage seen at the southeast and northeast corners come from.
And once again the world's MSM journalists went dumb. Never a peep. How pathetic is that. I can almost see the memo they were sent. "Write down
whatever Tepco says and don't ask questions!"
Now compare the three primary heat signatures with the position of the torus/wetwell. Note especially the curve of the roof beams one panel in from
the north wall, mirroring the shape of the torus.
The heat signature in the southeast corner should have especially raised eyebrows and questions from the world's journalists. There was an intense
heat emitted here, but only along the eastern part of the south wall. This heat signature is not above the SFP. It is only right along the wall's
edge, 10 feet from the SFP. Above the SFP there is no sign of heat damage whatsoever.
Lava, Lava Everywhere And Not A Drop To Drink
The primary explosion at R4 around 6-ish did not emit alot of radiation as it sealed itself almost instantly. What it did do was leave behind a mass
of oozing molten material out the north wall where the shaft comes up to. For sometime this was known as poolium on certain forums and blogs, as
people thought that it had come from the SFP that had cracked open and gone dry, caught fire and melted. Since the SFP was shown to have not cracked
open and melted a few days later, as well as being on the other side of the building, this material should be renamed. Since it was from a wide
assortment of whatever constitutes the UC, as well as some of R4, I thought of it as melted Fukushima, hence, Fukushimium, or F'ium for short. Spelled
effium. What the hell.
Other than the classic pic of effium oozing out the north wall, I believe there was one, and maybe two other expulsion points that occurred at this
time. The pic below of the southeast corner shows alot of material that appears to be slag on the lower part of the reactor building. It also shows
melted metal down the wall of the main reactor building. It's very curious how a heat source could melt metal but not leave any heat signature ten
feet away, unless there was a flame thrower effect shooting straight up along the wall.
A few hours later after the initial burst had sealed itself, everything changed. The fire that broke out in the northwest corner on the 15th, as seen
in the earlier photo from Chapter 13, resembled the flame seen in the R3 explosion. If not for the strong wind that was blowing at the time, the flame
front would have been directly vertical above the northwest corner.
This heat mass would emit a great amount of radionuclides, especially activation products. For the two plus hours that it flamed on, the surface winds
and winds aloft changed course many times, contaminating wide areas of the surrounding environment, the same areas that were said to be under constant
surveillance and not affected.
This was the dragon at some of it's worst, and why Tepco and the SDF pulled back from the plant and regrouped. Why this event produced such high
levels of radiation is a mystery. Since Tepco and the SDF refuse to release monitoring data or thermal imagery that was taken during this period,
instead feigning ignorance, we will probably never know what the R4 fire consisted of, how long it lasted for, or how wide the flame front was.
The only thing we know for sure is that it wasn't an oil fire.
I am assuming that at some point the flame died down allowing the melted tunnel to reseal. This is why the fire disappeared so quickly. However, the
molten cavity would continue to emit radioactive smoke clouds for the next 7 days from both R3 and R4, though diminishing with time, and eventually
replaced by smoke and steam from the PCV and SFPs.
Not Your Average Truck Stop
There is one mystery from this day that will probably never be solved. Not sure what they were up to with this one. They desperately tried to get
something out of R4 between the time of R3 and R4 exploding.
Actually the scenario began even earlier than any other disaster at Dai-ichi. It started right after the EQ when they sent two Tepco/SDF employees to
the R4 TB when everyone else was being evacuated to higher ground at the plant expecting a tsunami. These are the two that died from the tsunami and
were said to have been found in the R4 TB for sometime. Then one day this was changed to the R3 TB with no feasible explanation given. And I regarded
this as all the other 'after the fact' modifications made by Tepco/SDF. Someone told the truth and Tepco/SDF had to modify this to fit in with all
their other lies.
They sent two people to R4 to check on something. Yet R4 was not operating at the time. Would could be so important to send workers to a basement of a
shutdown reactor when a tsunami was expected after the worst EQ that area had ever seen.
Then, before R3 blew they broke into the big metal hanger type door on the ocean side of the R4 turbine building (TB). At the time Tepco said they
were looking for a water source when the original source of seawater dried up and they were interested in the water in the R4 basement. But they
didn't proceed with that operation for an unexplained reason.
Then, in the early morning hours after R3 blew they pulled a truck with a crane into R4 and were either in the process of leaving or just arriving as
The first picture shows The R4 truckbay doors closed one minute before R3/UC blew. The second shows the truck with cargo in back, caught in the
crossfire. Later they would remove the cargo and push the truck to the side.
The contents of the container on the truck is a mystery I hope someday is revealed, as well as what happened to the driver, and any other workers
involved in this operation when the radioactive superheated pressure wave hit.
In the next chapter Ill put together frames from an amazing video that shows R3 erupting on the 17th, when Tepco said it was quieting down. Curioser
Chapter 17) Hell Hath No Fury Like A Neutron Scorned
edit on 15-4-2012 by zworld because: (no reason given)
edit on 15-4-2012
by zworld because: (no reason given)