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RADIATION WATCH 2011
Tokyo Electric Power Co.'s crippled reactors in Fukushima are in a state “equivalent to cold shutdown” even though the definition would be different in the case of an undamaged plant, Goshi Hosono, the minister in charge of responding to the disaster, said today.
‘[color=Cyan]We understand that there is a difference between the cold shutdown state for a normal nuclear reactor and the state of cold shutdown that we have achieved at Fukushima Dai-Ichi,’ Hosono told reporters in Tokyo.
'The goal is to have nuclear fuel where it is kept in a cold state and to ensure that radioactive materials are not emitted. That is the whole point of the cooling system that we have in place.'
Closing Yucca Mountain will leave 130,000 metric tons of nuclear waste stranded at 131 different sites spread across 39 states. The federal government will be at risk of breach-of-contract lawsuits for breaking agreements with utility companies.
Some estimates indicate the potential for the Obama DOE could incur more than 50 billion dollars of legal liability in the case.
"You can do all the recycling in the world, but you are still going to be left with a residue that has to be stored somewhere, preferably underground. You’ve got this residue. Where are you going to put it?"
Mitch Singer, a spokesperson for the nuclear energy industry.
In 1987, Washington unilaterally decided the waste was going to Yucca without seriously considering other potential sites. Not surprisingly, Nevada citizens have railed against the top-down plan ever since.
If the government doesn’t bow to pressure and reverse its decision, US nuclear waste planners will be going back to the drawing board for what promises to be another very prolonged and expensive exercise.
The root reason the waste problem isn't solved is technical. Since radioactive emissions are strong enough to destroy ANY container, the "technical" problem will NEVER be solved.
New alloys, new crystal structures, microbes that eat radioactive waste, vitrification -- all worthless. Rocketing the waste into space, subduction zones in the sea, deep holes -- won't work either.
On December 20, 2011, The First Nations of the North Shore Tribal Council strongly rejected the prospect of the North Shore of Lake Huron becoming a site for the long-term storage of nuclear waste for the Nuclear Waste Management Organization (NWMO).
“We cannot idly stand by and watch as they inject Mother Earth with this cancer,” says Chief Lyle Sayers, chairman of the North Shore Tribal Council. “We must ensure that the future natural resources of this area are there for our children, generations to come, and businesses alike.”
Almost 30 years ago, Uncle Sam entered into a contract with utilities to dispose of their nuclear waste beginning in 1998. That disposal was supposed to happen at Yucca Mountain. Under the law, all nuclear facilities were required to pay an annual fee to the nuclear waste trust fund to cover the cost of Yucca Mountain.
When the federal government missed the 1998 deadline, utilities sued the government to recover their costs incurred in storing the waste. So far, according to federal officials, it will cost the government some $16.2 billion to pay the legal judgments entered against the government…[color=FDD017]assuming there will be a completed federal disposal site by 2020.
All of the fees collected in excess of the costs of building the Yucca Mountain facility,
instead of being placed in a trust fund, were simply spent by the government as quickly as
they were received.
As a result, a group of state regulators and the Nuclear Energy Institute, a trade organization, are suing the Department of Energy, seeking to suspend collection of the annual fees utilities pay into the waste fund. "There’s no sense paying a fee if you are not getting a program for it," said NEI’s Steven Kraft...
The Oak Ridge and Hanford facilities stand out among them as being among the largest leaks of toxic and/or radioactive waste in the world. At Oak Ridge, literally millions of pounds of mercury have leaked into the ground, the aquifer, and a streambed that then winds many miles through the Tennesee countryside and through several towns...
Every day, there is more waste, more radioactive pollution, such as tritium, which is killing our citizens, and more of the "ignoble seven" whose daughter products include noble gases, which are freely released by nuclear power plants in copious quantities.
The "ignoble seven" are: Technetium-99, Tin-126, Selenium-79, Zirconium-93, Cesium-135, Palladium-107, and Iodine-129.
All have half-lives > 200,000 years.
Every day the plants run, they increase the total risk, the total cost, the immediate risk, and the immediate cost -- costs in terms of health effects around the plants, and delayed costs from accidents or just from fuel storage.
Even if we stop making nuclear waste, every movement of the fuel entails enormous risk. And there will be tens of thousands of shipments from all around the country.
In 1987, Congress even passed a law explicitly directing waste from the nation's nuclear power plants would start arriving in Yucca Mountain in by the late 1990's.
So far, not one single radioactive isotope has made its way to Yucca, and probably never will.
President Obama, making good on a promise to Senate Majority Leader (and not-in-my-backyard-of-Nevada) Harry Reid, has effectively killed any future for the Yucca Mountain facility. More than $10 billion dollars of scientific study, engineering and congressional spending has just been thrown into a hole in the ground.
According to the federal government, the government is required to build Yucca Mountain and accept the waste.
Senator Harry Reid (D-NV) would like to change that law, but without an option for where all this waste will go, it may be hard to get the votes.
So what to do?
Keep Yucca Mountain on life-support while you spend money looking for another alternative. President Obama plans to do just that by spending $197 million dollars in the 2010 budget, essentially to pay people to do nothing.
Out at Yucca Mountain, there will be a staff getting paid, proceeding with licensing and other odds and ends, [color=Cyan]knowing all along that the project has no future.
It's pure politics that has already cost you and me $10 billion dollars and now $197 million more.
President Obama has won wide bipartisan support for his determination to revive American nuclear power — a low-carbon energy solution that electric utilities and conservatives can support.
But a pair of legal actions last month could complicate matters for Washington by forcing the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to address [color=Cyan]a longstanding and almost intractable problem: How and where to store the highly radioactive waste.
For many, the separate suits by state attorneys general and environmental groups raise fresh questions over why America is pouring billions into a nuclear renaissance with [color=Salmon]no long-term strategy for handling waste from the nation's existing facilities.
[color=Chartreuse]The waste problem is the Achilles heel of the nuclear industry,’ said Daniel Hirsch, president of the Committee to Bridge the Gap, a California-based nuclear watchdog...
In December 2010, NRC changed the rule, doubling the amount of time that waste can be stored on-site from 30 years after a plant goes out of service to 60 years. Now, it appears the agency might double that again.
In an interview with SolveClimate News, NRC spokesperson Neil Sheehan said [color=Cyan]a plan was underway to allow the high-level waste to be stored on-site for over 120 years...
At Indian Point, one of the oldest reactors in the country, 30 tons of enriched uranium radioactive waste is produced every 18 months, most of which is crammed into 40-foot deep pools at each of the two reactors.
"The Nuclear Regulatory Commission has ranked Indian Point ‘in terms of potential human consequences as the No. 1 site in the nation."
-- Robert Stephan, Homeland Security's Assistant Secretary for Infrastructure Protection reported in the Journal News, March 23, 2006
Indian Point is "one of the most inappropriate sites in existence" for a nuclear plant.
--Robert Ryan, Nuclear Regulatory Commission staff member in 1979
Currently, each pool holds about 1,000 tons of radioactive waste. An additional 1,500 tons are stored in 15 dry casks on an open tarmac surrounded by barbed wire and a surveillance tower.
Across the country, 50,000 metric tons of waste was produced through the end of 2003, according to a 2005 report by the National Research Council. The nonprofit Union of Concerned Scientists predicts that by 2015 there will be over 75,000 metric tons of radioactive waste stored at temporary sites.
Indian Point will close in 2035, if it gets relicensed. Under the new waste storage rule, [color=Cyan]spent fuel would be stored there until 2095, and could remain on-site well into the 22nd century if the rule extends to 120 years.
The Nuclear Regulatory Commission on Thursday approved the amended design for the Westinghouse AP1000, a reactor that several power companies intend to use for building the first new US nuclear plants in decades.
“The design provides enhanced safety margins through use of simplified, inherent, passive, or other innovative safety and security functions, and also has been assessed to ensure it could withstand damage from an aircraft impact without significant release of radioactive materials,” NRC Chairman Gregory Jaczko said in a statement.
Utility giant Southern Co. is using the AP1000 for its project to build two new reactors at its Vogtle site in Georgia.
"This is another key milestone for the Vogtle project and the nation's nuclear renaissance,” said Southern Co. CEO Thomas A. Fanning. The Southern Co. project that has won a [color=Cyan]conditional $8.3 billion Energy Department loan guarantee but still awaits a final NRC license...
(...) Funding for Yucca Mountain has come from a levy of 0.1 cents per kWh of nuclear power, which currently adds up to about $770 million per year. Nuclear utilities - and therefore their customers - have now paid a total of over $31 billion into the Nuclear Waste Fund.
The government was supposed to use this money to create a permanent nuclear waste disposal site by 1998.
Having submitted an 8600-page application to build Yucca Mountain under President George Bush and his energy secretary Sam Bodman, the DOE under direction from Chu and Obama moved to withdraw it in May. Spending on Yucca is now set at the absolute minimum level, while the [color=Cyan]$24 billion balance of the fund remains with the US Treasury earning substantial compound interest of over $1 billion per year.
This, however, was rejected by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's independent Atomic Safety and Licensing Board (ASLB). The DoE had no right to substitute its own ideas in place of those legislated by Congress, said the ASLB, and is bound by law to complete its work at Yucca Mountain unless Congress acts to supercede the previous legislation.
In the meantime, Obama has created a 'Blue Ribbon' commission on radioactive waste management. It is hearing evidence from a range of stakeholders on waste management methods including reprocessing, recycling and the use of burner reactors as well as the widely accepted geologic disposal method as proposed for Yucca Mountain.
Energy Secretary Steven Chu is happy that the Nuclear Regulatory Commission has approved Westinghouse’s AP1000 nuclear reactor design, which is slated for use at an Energy Department-backed nuclear power plant in Georgia.
Chu’s praise for the design approval underscores [color=Cyan]Obama administration support for new nuclear power plants, a position at odds with some environmental groups.
[color=Chartreuse]‘The Administration and the Energy Department are committed to restarting America’s nuclear industry...” Chu said in a statement Thursday.
Originally posted by Purplechive
Nucklechen Vid...Fuku 03/11/11
Human, can you translate what's on this vid?
At 4:07 pm on December 23, we started transfer of accumulated water from basement floor of the Turbine Building of Unit 1 to the basement floor of the Turbine Building of Unit 2.
Originally posted by zworld
Welcome Vince. Number 2 is an interesting thought. The movement or jerking to the left, both when it first goes light, and again when it readjusts, is odd to me too. I initially thought someone bumped or moved the cam causing a lens flare, but the fact that the second jerk mirrors the first and isnt a lensflare is peculiar. It would be interesting know what a frame by frame turns up.
It would also be interesting to match the time of the flash with the Tepco web cam and see what it shows
Originally posted by zworld
Another old reactor that's showing signs of deteriorating mdn.mainichi.jp...
FUKUOKA (Kyodo) -- The reactor vessel of the aging No. 1 unit at the Genkai nuclear power plant in Saga Prefecture was found to contain a high amount of copper, an impure substance, compared with other reactors operated by Kyushu Electric Power Co., officials of the utility said Wednesday.
Some experts say a high content rate of copper could speed up the deterioration of a nuclear reactor vessel every time it is showered by neutrons when nuclear fission occurs.
The steel vessel of the 559,000-kilowatt unit, which began operating in 1975, contains 0.12 percent of copper, about 6.6 times the amount of 0.018 percent in the No. 3 unit whose operation began in 1994, the officials said.
A company official explained that under the technology around the time the construction of the No. 1 unit began in 1971, it was not able to remove further impurities from steel to make the reactor vessel.
Kyushu Electric idled the No. 1 unit on Dec. 1 for regular checks.
This means that reactor 1-4 at fukushima will be vulnerable to this also. Perhaps if silverlok is reading he may be able to enlighten us regarding metallurgy/chemisty involved in this. This would probably explain the multitude of much larger than predicted shroud cracks found in various old BWR designs pre-dating 75... So we have these ticking timebombs that literally fall to pieces during nuclear reactions, still in use? What. the. f@#$!
Originally posted by zworld
Originally posted by GhostR1der
I find it worrying the amount of symptoms reported in last few weeks,
Good to hear from you again GR. I worry too. There is so little known on the cumulative effect of constant low level irradiation that anything is possible. And the types of illness reported in Japan mirrors symptoms seen in the US in late spring. We'll probably never know the extent however as our protective governments arent protecting us, only big business, and big business doent want anyone to know the level of toxicity of anything they make money from.
Thing I find interesting is the speed at which they react. We got them scared. But don't expect them to try and squash or say anything about the rumors of a weapons facility underground, like they do other so called rumors. they dont want it mentioned. Ever.
Originally posted by zworld
AC, I noticed something I havent seen before. From the vid above, the last 30 seconds or so, these shots are found. Note how one of the 3 steam columns is coming from the 3rd or 4th floor and out the side of the east wall. Interesting. Does someone have an explanation, or plausible idea.
edit on 22-12-2011 by zworld because: (no reason given)
Originally posted by zworld
"Because of the [Fukushima] accident, our relationship has gotten stronger". He also said "The international communities are very interested in how the accident information will be shared", indicating the importance of international information sharing of the accident.
This is nothing short of a plee for Tepco to turn over data so the rest of the world can avoid similar accidents. This also implies that Jaczko and the NRC are still in the dark like everyone else as to what really happened. So all of the other stuff he says is just passing along propaganda, he doesn't really know anything either.edit on 21-12-2011 by zworld because: (no reason given)
Originally posted by Ektar
Glad you're back Ghost R....I will have to go back & view the video for possible UFOs....I guess I put the lights aside as Hot particles...since I'm learning everything from this post. Thank you for all your contributions.
Originally posted by zworld
From ENENEWS. enenews.com...
Koriyama 42.85 uSv/h. Thats insane. I know its from sand collected in a drain, and not quite the same, but this is still higher than radiation readings from April 10th at 4 of the 8 monitoring points around Fukushima's perimeter, and the West Gate.
Please share. Save children.
On 23 Dec 2011, I measured radiation at Tsurumidan 2-chome, Koriyama city, Fukushima pref. Japan
The monitorinig place is 60 km from Fukushima Nuclear power plant, and located in housing area of Koriyama city.
The monitor indicates 1.16 micro Sievert per hour in air at chest hight, 5.35 on gargage net, 39.10 on road side sand, around drain outlet cover.
I am afraid that children’s lung may chatch the dust from this sand in dry and windy days
Originally posted by thorfourwinds
Originally posted by Aircooled
A film from March 15th. A Second fire at #4. North-east corner. Mid-day too...Hmmmmm..
Originally posted by Purplechive
Now a 104mm Water Decrease in Unit 2...
And the circulating cooling system of the Spent Fuel Pool is still suspended...and temp rising...from 22.4 yesterday to 26.3 today...
And four days now without reporting detailed report for Unit 2 water level and pressure....but they have been reporting Unit 1 and 3 as usual.
And this doesn't make sense...they are actually adding water to Unit 2 from Unit 1...and Unit 2 water level is still dropping that quickly?
Originally posted by GhostR1der
So why did we not see a huge increase in infant deaths, cancers and deformities worldwide?
Definately got 'em running. They must get sick of seeing this thread expand each day.
They won't touch a UC with a 500ft lead insulated pole. It will never be mentioned. However if we could get human or someone else into a press conference... all hell could be unleashed with a simple 'there is a body of evidence (perhaps insert best evidence here) which suggests an underground weapon or research facility may be under Fukushima, what do you know about this?'.
Remember the dosimeters given to fukushima children....Has this data ever surfaced?
Actually that one was PCs discovery, but between the two of them we pertty much got Tepcos arse covered in a sling. Nothing but a bunch of pit bulls we are
ZW/AC re: Likely FLIR (forward looking infrared) video.
In this case the footage closely matches what is seen using millitary thermal cameras, they use black and white to provide better contrast and definition; no colour = more light information. Instability of image suggests a small wingspan drone was used.
I'm wondering what the crane like, angled object is between R2 and 3. It is emitting something hot at the top. Pre heated water spraying from a boom? Didn't think they had any deployments of the concrete pumps on the 11th!? Firefighters?
Tokyo, Dec. 22 (Jiji Press)--A cooling system for the No. 3 reactor of the crippled nuclear power plant of Tokyo Electric Power Co. was switched off manually, leading to the reactor's explosion three days after the plant was hit by the 9.0-magnitude earthquake and ensuing tsunami on March 11, TEPCO said Thursday.
A worker at the Fukushima No. 1 plant voluntarily stopped the high-pressure coolant injection (HPCI) system, one of emergency cooling apparatuses for the reactor's core, for fear of damage on the system and resulting radiation leaks, TEPCO said.
Instead, the worker tried to cool the core by injecting water using a diesel-powered pump.
But because a valve to release the air pressure inside the reactor failed to work as its battery was dead, water did not enter, and the hydrogen explosion occurred shortly past 11 a.m. on March 14 JST, the company explained.
Previously, TEPCO told that the HPCI system stopped working because its battery ran out.
In its interim report released on Dec. 2, the power utility's in-house investigation team did not mention the shutdown of the system by the worker.
TEPCO spokesman Junichi Matsumoto said Thursday that he does not see any problem in the worker's judgment that the HPCI system would soon become inoperative because the emergency response headquarters was also thinking about a shift in the core cooling system.
But Matsumoto apologized for failing to make sufficient explanations when the interim report was released, though he said he thought it better to disclose the fact after understanding the real intentions of the worker and the headquarters.
TEPCO reported the full results of its investigation to the industry ministry's Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency on Thursday.
According to the report, the HPCI system was sending water into the reactor to cool it down using a turbine spun by steam generated inside the reactor after another cooling system broke down shortly past noon on March 12.
But fears had grown that drops in the reactor's temperature would slow the turbine's spinning speed, make its vibration bigger and break the system. In this event, radioactive steam might have leaked from the reactor, it noted.
The system's operation was halted at 2:42 a.m. on March 13.
Copyright 2011 Jiji Press LTD