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"The maximum limit is three years," Kanno said about his evacuation from Yamakiya, which has been designated as a "planned evacuation zone" by the national government. "Any longer than that, and I won't be able to return the pasture to the way it was." Weeds have grown hip high in what was previously cow pasture, and the cattle shed is entangled in vines.
The farmer quietly turned the pages of an album in his living room. One picture showed a youthful Kanno with his pregnant wife, standing alongside a dairy cow. "That was our first cow," he said. Kanno was born as the third son of a farming family in Kawamata.
After leaving for Tokyo to attend college, he decided that he wanted to lead an autonomous life surrounded by nature. He decided on dairy farming, left school without graduating and began training to become a farmer. When he married his wife in 1973, he started a dairy farm named Ayuri, meaning "life" in Sanskrit.
The air radiation level at the farm is approximately six microsieverts per hour. The Cabinet approved a basic policy on radiation decontamination on Nov. 11, but it is still uncertain when the actual decontamination will begin.
There are the measurable aspects of Tohoku's ongoing tragedy — so many becquerels or sieverts of radiation, so many million tons of rubble, so many trillion yen worth of damage and losses of various kinds, so many weeks, months, years or decades before cold shutdown, decontamination, reconstruction, resettlement and economic recovery are achieved.
Then there are the immeasurable aspects.
Radiation in the air, soil, food, water and sea has psychological as well as physical effects. "Every day I think of radiation accumulating in my child's body," a 36-year-old Tokyo housewife tells the monthly magazine Takarajima.
Most experts say Tokyo is safe — but most experts said nuclear power was safe. Do experts know? Can experts be trusted? Many people no doubt suppress their fears and get on with their lives.
Surveying the issue from Tohoku to Tokyo, Sunday Mainichi finds no more than 20 percent of municipalities testing school lunches for radiation. Tokyo's 23 wards are relatively solid in that regard (42 percent of Tokyo's municipalities test), but the Tohoku region, the heart of the crisis, seems astonishingly lax (Fukushima 10 percent, Miyagi 8 percent). "It's like Russian roulette," said the mother of a Chiba Prefecture first-grader.
"To be honest, we could have done better," admits a Fukushima City official. "Until summer the city didn't even know that testing equipment was available.
f you're like my 17-year-old, then you probably already know just about everything there is to know, and reading this column you'll likely just say: "Yeah, right, whatever," or "So?"
But if you have a few minutes, younger readers especially, please bear with me.
As a father, professor and environment journalist, I am seriously concerned about our use and abuse of our planet Earth, soon to be your planet Earth. With the human population growing, marine resources dwindling and every inch of our planet touched by human-made chemicals and waste, I'm less than optimistic about the state of the world you will soon inherit. From a different perspective, however, we can say that your generation is facing the most exciting challenges of any generation in history.
he source of a mysterious radiation detected in Europe was unknown until Thursday. Amounts of iodine-131 were detected across Europe including Austria and the Czech Republic. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) believes that after four weeks of investigation the source is a Hungarian factory producing medical isotopes. Continue reading on Examiner.com Mysterious Radiation Identified by Nuclear Officials - Chicago Homeland Security | Examiner.com www.examiner.com...
German police say they have cleared a sit-in of thousands of protesters attempting to block a shipment of nuclear waste and have detained 1,300 people. Police said hundreds of officers started evicting protesters from the rail lines near Dannenberg in the north of the country early Sunday.
Originally posted by Human0815
reply to post by zworld
We here in Japan need to face this Pollution, there is absolute no way around,
now we need to learn how to handle this!
RADIATION WATCH 2011
'Atoms For Peace'
For as long as there has been federal control of nuclear research and materials, there has been an interest in using commercial nuclear reactors as a source of materials to make weapons. In the early 1950's, it was recognized that the weapons program would require more plutonium than could be furnished by the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC).
One suggestion, made by Dr. Charles A. Thomas, then executive vice-president of Monsanto Chemical Company, was to create a dual purpose plutonium reactor, one which could produce plutonium for weapons, and electricity for commercial use.
(...) Miamisburg was the site of one of the first post-war U.S Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) facilities, beginning in 1947. The Dayton area had supported numerous secret operations for the War Department during World War II.
As the war ended, the majority of these operations were moved to the Miamisburg Mound Laboratory, which was operated by the Monsanto Chemical Company.
[color=Cyan]The Mound Labs were to monitor all aspects of the US nuclear defense stockpile. source
A 1951 study undertaken by the AEC concluded that commercial nuclear reactors would not be economically feasible if they were used solely to produce electricity; they would be, however, if they also produced plutonium which could be sold.
Utilities themselves were only mildly intrigued with the notion of being able to produce "too cheap to meter electricity," and [color=Chartreuse]only so long as someone else took over the responsibility for the waste products, and indemnified them against catastrophic nuclear plant accidents.
By "dual-purpose" we mean that the plants would be primarily for the production of power but would also would produce plutonium for military purposes as a by-product. In our judgment, these plants...would be justified from an economic standpoint only if a substantial value were assigned to the plutonium produced."
Each year a typical 1000 mega-watt (MW) commercial power reactor will produce [color=Chartreuse]300 to 500 pounds of plutonium -- enough to build between 25 - 40 Nagasaki-sized atomic bombs. ... source
(...) It takes about 15 pounds of plutonium-239 or uranium-235 to fashion a crude nuclear device. The technology to enrich the isotopes is available for about one million dollars.
In an inventory taken between October, 1980, and March, 1981, the U.S. government could not account for about [color=3BB9FF]55 pounds of plutonium and 159 pounds of uranium from its weapons facilities.
The explanation given for this Missing material was "accounting error" and that the materials were "stuck in the piping." (...) source
Google Video Link
What was the justification to begin this escapade into nuclear madness?
... A report by Japan's Atomic Energy Commission Friday recommended workers start the process of removing melted nuclear fuel rods from the damaged reactors within 10 years. But it said completing the process would likely take three decades. ...
...[color=3BB9FF]The process will take more than a century. ...
Some 8 percent of Japan's land area, or more than 30,000 square kilometers, has been contaminated with radioactive cesium from the crippled Fukushima No. 1 nuclear power plant.
Spanning 13 prefectures, the affected area has accumulated more than 10,000 becquerels of cesium 134 and 137 per square meter, according to the science ministry. ...
The Tokyo metropolitan government said Thursday it will accept for disposal some 100,000 tons of debris from the disaster-hit northeastern Japan town of Onagawa, Miyagi Prefecture, between next month and March 2013. ...
The Tokyo government plans to accept a total of 500,000 tons of debris from Iwate and Miyagi Prefectures by March 2014.
Work to decontaminate homes and yards in a district here is not proceeding as hoped, as radiation levels persist and decontamination workers worried about their health stay away.
Originally, there was a plan to complete decontamination work on all 367 households in the district by the end of the year, but decontamination work is now expected to take much longer.
Thirty-three companies were originally planned to take part, but due to fears about worker safety, most canceled and only two companies joined the work when it started in October. Since then contracts have been planned for 19 new companies, but the number is still 12 short of the original figure.
"Estimated costs for the decontamination work per home by companies differ from 800,000 yen to 1.7 million yen, so it has taken time to sort out contracts. Some companies have also shifted to reconstruction work," explained a city official. ...
During court proceedings concerning a radioactive golf course, Tokyo Electric Power Co. stunned lawyers by saying the utility was not responsible for decontamination because it no longer "owned" the radioactive substances.
But the court went on to say that central or local governments should be responsible for the decontamination work, given the efficiency of their cleanup operations so far.
The golf course company commissioned a radiation testing agency to check the course on Nov. 13. It detected 235,000 becquerels of cesium per kilogram of grass, a level that would put the area into a no-entry zone under safety standards enforced after the 1986 Chernobyl disaster. ...
Japan is readying an emergency tax hike to help pay for reconstructing the disaster-struck part of the country....
It will include a personal income tax hike for a 25-year period starting in 2013.
10/7 Continuously implementing water spray using water after purifying accumulated water of Unit 5 and Unit 6 to prevent spontaneous fire of trimmed trees and diffusion of dust.
As of 5:00 pm on November 26, the indicator of the gas temperature of Suppression Chamber of Unit 2 read
52.7, but at 11:00 pm on the day we confirmed that it read Overscaled (digital recorder). Then, as of 5:00
am on November 27, it read 102.6
Originally posted by intrptr
reply to post by Purplechive
What the hell? Trees are spontaneous combusting out side the reactor walls? Are you kidding?